ForeignKeyConstraint Class
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ForeignKeyConstraint Class

 

Represents an action restriction enforced on a set of columns in a primary key/foreign key relationship when a value or row is either deleted or updated.

Namespace:   System.Data
Assembly:  System.Data (in System.Data.dll)

System.Object
  System.Data.Constraint
    System.Data.ForeignKeyConstraint

Public Class ForeignKeyConstraint
	Inherits Constraint

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodForeignKeyConstraint(DataColumn, DataColumn)

Initializes a new instance of the ForeignKeyConstraint class with the specified parent and child DataColumn objects.

System_CAPS_pubmethodForeignKeyConstraint(DataColumn(), DataColumn())

Initializes a new instance of the ForeignKeyConstraint class with the specified arrays of parent and child DataColumn objects.

System_CAPS_pubmethodForeignKeyConstraint(String, DataColumn, DataColumn)

Initializes a new instance of the ForeignKeyConstraint class with the specified name, parent and child DataColumn objects.

System_CAPS_pubmethodForeignKeyConstraint(String, DataColumn(), DataColumn())

Initializes a new instance of the ForeignKeyConstraint class with the specified name, and arrays of parent and child DataColumn objects.

System_CAPS_pubmethodForeignKeyConstraint(String, String, String, String(), String(), AcceptRejectRule, Rule, Rule)

This constructor is provided for design time support in the Visual Studio environment. ForeignKeyConstraint objects created by using this constructor must then be added to the collection via AddRange. Tables and columns with the specified names must exist at the time the method is called, or if BeginInit has been called prior to calling this constructor, the tables and columns with the specified names must exist at the time that EndInit is called.

System_CAPS_pubmethodForeignKeyConstraint(String, String, String(), String(), AcceptRejectRule, Rule, Rule)

This constructor is provided for design time support in the Visual Studio environment. ForeignKeyConstraint objects created by using this constructor must then be added to the collection via AddRange. Tables and columns with the specified names must exist at the time the method is called, or if BeginInit has been called prior to calling this constructor, the tables and columns with the specified names must exist at the time that EndInit is called.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_protproperty_DataSet

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Gets the DataSet to which this constraint belongs.(Inherited from Constraint.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyAcceptRejectRule

Indicates the action that should take place across this constraint when AcceptChanges is invoked.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyColumns

Gets the child columns of this constraint.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyConstraintName

The name of a constraint in the ConstraintCollection.(Inherited from Constraint.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyDeleteRule

Gets or sets the action that occurs across this constraint when a row is deleted.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyExtendedProperties

Gets the collection of user-defined constraint properties.(Inherited from Constraint.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyRelatedColumns

The parent columns of this constraint.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyRelatedTable

Gets the parent table of this constraint.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyTable

Gets the child table of this constraint.(Overrides Constraint.Table.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyUpdateRule

Gets or sets the action that occurs across this constraint on when a row is updated.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_protmethodCheckStateForProperty()

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Gets the DataSet to which this constraint belongs.(Inherited from Constraint.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodEquals(Object)

Gets a value indicating whether the current ForeignKeyConstraint is identical to the specified object.(Overrides Object.Equals(Object).)

System_CAPS_protmethodFinalize()

Allows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetHashCode()

Gets the hash code of this instance of the ForeignKeyConstraint object.(Overrides Object.GetHashCode().)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_protmethodMemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_protmethodSetDataSet(DataSet)

Sets the constraint's DataSet.(Inherited from Constraint.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToString()

Gets the ConstraintName, if there is one, as a string.(Inherited from Constraint.)

A ForeignKeyConstraint restricts the action performed when a value in a column (or columns) is either deleted or updated. Such a constraint is intended to be used with primary key columns. In a parent/child relationship between two tables, deleting a value from the parent table can affect the child rows in one of the following ways.

  • The child rows can also be deleted (a cascading action).

  • The values in the child column (or columns) can be set to null values.

  • The values in the child column (or columns) can be set to default values.

  • An exception can be generated.

ForeignKeyConstraint objects are contained in the ConstraintCollection of a DataTable, which is accessed through the Constraints property.

Constraints are not enforced unless the EnforceConstraints property is set to true.

The AcceptRejectRule is enforced whenever a DataTable object's AcceptChanges method is invoked.

The following example creates a ForeignKeyConstraint, sets some of its properties, and adds it to a DataTable object's ConstraintCollection.

' The next line goes into the Declarations section of the module:
' SuppliersProducts is a class derived from DataSet.
Private suppliersProducts As SuppliersProducts

Private Sub CreateConstraint()
    ' Declare parent column and child column variables.
    Dim parentColumn As DataColumn
    Dim childColumn As DataColumn
    Dim fkeyConstraint As ForeignKeyConstraint

    ' Set parent and child column variables.
    parentColumn = suppliersProducts.Tables("Suppliers").Columns("SupplierID")
    childColumn = suppliersProducts.Tables("Products").Columns("SupplierID")
    fkeyConstraint = New ForeignKeyConstraint( _
        "SupplierFKConstraint", parentColumn, childColumn)

    ' Set null values when a value is deleted.
    fkeyConstraint.DeleteRule = Rule.SetNull
    fkeyConstraint.UpdateRule = Rule.Cascade
    fkeyConstraint.AcceptRejectRule = AcceptRejectRule.Cascade

    ' Add the constraint, and set EnforceConstraints to true.
    suppliersProducts.Tables("Products").Constraints.Add(fkeyConstraint)
    suppliersProducts.EnforceConstraints = True
End Sub

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1

This type is safe for multithreaded read operations. You must synchronize any write operations.

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