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IList.Item Property

Gets or sets the element at the specified index.

Namespace:  System.Collections
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

Object this[
	int index
] { get; set; }

Parameters

index
Type: System.Int32

The zero-based index of the element to get or set.

Property Value

Type: System.Object
The element at the specified index.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentOutOfRangeException

index is not a valid index in the IList.

NotSupportedException

The property is set and the IList is read-only.

This property provides the ability to access a specific element in the collection by using the following syntax: myCollection[index].

The C# language uses the this keyword to define the indexers instead of implementing the Item property. Visual Basic implements Item as a default property, which provides the same indexing functionality.

The following example demonstrates the implementation of the IList interface to create a simple list, fixed-size list. This code is part of a larger example for the IList interface.

class SimpleList : IList
{
    private object[] _contents = new object[8];
    private int _count;

    public SimpleList()
    {
        _count = 0;
    }

    // IList Members 
    public int Add(object value)
    {
        if (_count < _contents.Length)
        {
            _contents[_count] = value;
            _count++;

            return (_count - 1);
        }
        else
        {
            return -1;
        }
    }

    public void Clear()
    {
        _count = 0;
    }

    public bool Contains(object value)
    {
        bool inList = false;
        for (int i = 0; i < Count; i++)
        {
            if (_contents[i] == value)
            {
                inList = true;
                break;
            }
        }
        return inList;
    }

    public int IndexOf(object value)
    {
        int itemIndex = -1;
        for (int i = 0; i < Count; i++)
        {
            if (_contents[i] == value)
            {
                itemIndex = i;
                break;
            }
        }
        return itemIndex;
    }

    public void Insert(int index, object value)
    {
        if ((_count + 1 <= _contents.Length) && (index < Count) && (index >= 0))
        {
            _count++;

            for (int i = Count - 1; i > index; i--)
            {
                _contents[i] = _contents[i - 1];
            }
            _contents[index] = value;
        }
    }

    public bool IsFixedSize
    {
        get
        {
            return true;
        }
    }

    public bool IsReadOnly
    {
        get
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    public void Remove(object value)
    {
        RemoveAt(IndexOf(value));
    }

    public void RemoveAt(int index)
    {
        if ((index >= 0) && (index < Count))
        {
            for (int i = index; i < Count - 1; i++)
            {
                _contents[i] = _contents[i + 1];
            }
            _count--;
        }
    }

    public object this[int index]
    {
        get
        {
            return _contents[index];
        }
        set
        {
            _contents[index] = value;
        }
    }

    // ICollection Members 

    public void CopyTo(Array array, int index)
    {
        int j = index;
        for (int i = 0; i < Count; i++)
        {
            array.SetValue(_contents[i], j);
            j++;
        }
    }

    public int Count
    {
        get
        {
            return _count;
        }
    }

    public bool IsSynchronized
    {
        get
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    // Return the current instance since the underlying store is not 
    // publicly available. 
    public object SyncRoot
    {
        get
        {
            return this;
        }
    }

    // IEnumerable Members 

    public IEnumerator GetEnumerator()
    {
        // Refer to the IEnumerator documentation for an example of 
        // implementing an enumerator. 
        throw new Exception("The method or operation is not implemented.");
    }

    public void PrintContents()
    {
        Console.WriteLine("List has a capacity of {0} and currently has {1} elements.", _contents.Length, _count);
        Console.Write("List contents:");
        for (int i = 0; i < Count; i++)
        {
            Console.Write(" {0}", _contents[i]);
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8
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