Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)
To create a synchronized version of the Hashtable, use the Synchronized method. However, derived classes can provide their own synchronized version of the Hashtable using the SyncRoot property. The synchronizing code must perform operations on the SyncRoot of the Hashtable, not directly on the Hashtable. This ensures proper operation of collections that are derived from other objects. Specifically, it maintains proper synchronization with other threads that might be simultaneously modifying the Hashtable object.
Enumerating through a collection is intrinsically not a thread safe procedure. Even when a collection is synchronized, other threads can still modify the collection, which causes the enumerator to throw an exception. To guarantee thread safety during enumeration, you can either lock the collection during the entire enumeration or catch the exceptions resulting from changes made by other threads.
The following code example shows how to lock the collection using the SyncRoot during the entire enumeration:
Retrieving the value of this property is an O(1) operation.
Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter EditionThe Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.