CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement Class
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CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement Class

Represents a try block with any number of catch clauses and, optionally, a finally block.

Namespace:  System.CodeDom
Assembly:  System (in System.dll)

public class CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement : CodeStatement

CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement can be used to represent a try/ catch block of code.

The TryStatements property contains the statements to execute within a try block. The CatchClauses property contains the catch clauses to handle caught exceptions. The FinallyStatements property contains the statements to execute within a finally block.


Not all languages support try/catch blocks. Call the Supports method with the GeneratorSupport.TryCatchStatements flag to determine whether a code generator supports try/catch blocks.

The following example code demonstrates use of a CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement to define a try...catch...finally statement for exception handling.

// Declares a type to contain a try...catch block.
CodeTypeDeclaration type1 = new CodeTypeDeclaration("TryCatchTest");

// Defines a method that throws an exception of type System.ApplicationException.
CodeMemberMethod method1 = new CodeMemberMethod();
method1.Name = "ThrowApplicationException";
method1.Statements.Add( new CodeThrowExceptionStatement( 
    new CodeObjectCreateExpression("System.ApplicationException", new CodePrimitiveExpression("Test Application Exception")) ) );
type1.Members.Add( method1 );

// Defines a constructor that calls the ThrowApplicationException method from a try block.
CodeConstructor constructor1 = new CodeConstructor();
constructor1.Attributes = MemberAttributes.Public;            
type1.Members.Add( constructor1 );    

// Defines a try statement that calls the ThrowApplicationException method.
CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement try1 = new CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement();
try1.TryStatements.Add( new CodeMethodInvokeExpression( new CodeThisReferenceExpression(), "ThrowApplicationException" ) );
constructor1.Statements.Add( try1 );                    

// Defines a catch clause for exceptions of type ApplicationException.
CodeCatchClause catch1 = new CodeCatchClause("ex", new CodeTypeReference("System.ApplicationException"));
catch1.Statements.Add( new CodeCommentStatement("Handle any System.ApplicationException here.") );
try1.CatchClauses.Add( catch1 );

// Defines a catch clause for any remaining unhandled exception types.
CodeCatchClause catch2 = new CodeCatchClause("ex");
catch2.Statements.Add( new CodeCommentStatement("Handle any other exception type here.") );
try1.CatchClauses.Add( catch2 );

// Defines a finally block by adding to the FinallyStatements collection.
try1.FinallyStatements.Add( new CodeCommentStatement("Handle any finally block statements.") );

// A C# code generator produces the following source code for the preceeding example code: 

//    public class TryCatchTest  
//    { 
//        public TryCatchTest()  
//        { 
//            try  
//            { 
//                this.ThrowApplicationException(); 
//            } 
//            catch (System.ApplicationException ex)  
//            { 
//                // Handle any System.ApplicationException here. 
//            } 
//            catch (System.Exception ex)  
//            { 
//                // Handle any other exception type here. 
//            } 
//          finally { 
//                // Handle any finally block statements. 
//            } 
//        } 
//        private void ThrowApplicationException()  
//        { 
//            throw new System.ApplicationException("Test Application Exception");
//        } 
//    }


Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

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