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BitConverter.ToInt64 Method

Returns a 64-bit signed integer converted from eight bytes at a specified position in a byte array.

Namespace: System
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

'Declaration
Public Shared Function ToInt64 ( _
	value As Byte(), _
	startIndex As Integer _
) As Long
'Usage
Dim value As Byte()
Dim startIndex As Integer
Dim returnValue As Long

returnValue = BitConverter.ToInt64(value, startIndex)
public static long ToInt64 (
	byte[] value, 
	int startIndex
)
public static function ToInt64 (
	value : byte[], 
	startIndex : int
) : long
Not applicable.

Parameters

value

An array of bytes.

startIndex

The starting position within value.

Return Value

A 64-bit signed integer formed by eight bytes beginning at startIndex.

Exception typeCondition

ArgumentException

startIndex is greater than or equal to the length of value minus 7, and is less than or equal to the length of value minus 1.

ArgumentNullException

value is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

ArgumentOutOfRangeException

startIndex is less than zero or greater than the length of value minus 1.

The following code example converts elements of Byte arrays to Int64 values with the ToInt64 method.

' Example of the BitConverter.ToInt64 method.
Imports System
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

Module BytesToInt64Demo

    Const formatter As String = "{0,5}{1,27}{2,24}"
 
    ' Convert eight Byte array elements to a Long and display it.
    Sub BAToInt64( bytes( ) As Byte, index As Integer )

        Dim value As Long = BitConverter.ToInt64( bytes, index )

        Console.WriteLine( formatter, index, _
            BitConverter.ToString( bytes, index, 8 ), value )
    End Sub 

    ' Display a Byte array, using multiple lines if necessary.
    Sub WriteMultiLineByteArray( bytes( ) As Byte )
       
        Const rowSize As Integer = 20 
        Dim iter As Integer

        Console.WriteLine( "initial Byte array" )
        Console.WriteLine( "------------------" )

        For iter = 0 To bytes.Length - rowSize - 1 Step rowSize
            Console.Write( _
                BitConverter.ToString( bytes, iter, rowSize ) )
            Console.WriteLine( "-" )
        Next iter

        Console.WriteLine( BitConverter.ToString( bytes, iter ) )
        Console.WriteLine( )
    End Sub

    Sub Main( )
        Dim byteArray as Byte( ) = { _
              0,  54, 101, 196, 255, 255, 255, 255,   0,   0, _
              0,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0, 128,   0, 202, 154, _
             59,   0,   0,   0,   0,   1,   0,   0,   0,   0, _
            255, 255, 255, 255,   1,   0,   0, 255, 255, 255, _
            255, 255, 255, 255, 127,  86,  85,  85,  85,  85, _
             85, 255, 255, 170, 170, 170, 170, 170, 170,   0, _
              0, 100, 167, 179, 182, 224,  13,   0,   0, 156, _
             88,  76,  73,  31, 242 }

        Console.WriteLine( _
            "This example of the BitConverter.ToInt64( Byte( ), " & _
            "Integer ) " & vbCrLf & "method generates the " & _
            "following output. It converts elements " & vbCrLf & _
            "of a Byte array to Long values." & vbCrLf )

        WriteMultiLineByteArray( byteArray )

        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "index", "array elements", _
            "Long" )
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "-----", "--------------", _
            "----" )
          
        ' Convert Byte array elements to Long values.
        BAToInt64( byteArray, 8 )
        BAToInt64( byteArray, 5 )
        BAToInt64( byteArray, 34 )
        BAToInt64( byteArray, 17 )
        BAToInt64( byteArray, 0 )
        BAToInt64( byteArray, 21 )
        BAToInt64( byteArray, 26 )
        BAToInt64( byteArray, 53 )
        BAToInt64( byteArray, 45 )
        BAToInt64( byteArray, 59 )
        BAToInt64( byteArray, 67 )
        BAToInt64( byteArray, 37 )
        BAToInt64( byteArray, 9 )
    End Sub 
End Module

' This example of the BitConverter.ToInt64( Byte( ), Integer )
' method generates the following output. It converts elements
' of a Byte array to Long values.
' 
' initial Byte array
' ------------------
' 00-36-65-C4-FF-FF-FF-FF-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-80-00-CA-9A-
' 3B-00-00-00-00-01-00-00-00-00-FF-FF-FF-FF-01-00-00-FF-FF-FF-
' FF-FF-FF-FF-7F-56-55-55-55-55-55-FF-FF-AA-AA-AA-AA-AA-AA-00-
' 00-64-A7-B3-B6-E0-0D-00-00-9C-58-4C-49-1F-F2
' 
' index             array elements                    Long
' -----             --------------                    ----
'     8    00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00                       0
'     5    FF-FF-FF-00-00-00-00-00                16777215
'    34    01-00-00-FF-FF-FF-FF-FF               -16777215
'    17    00-CA-9A-3B-00-00-00-00              1000000000
'     0    00-36-65-C4-FF-FF-FF-FF             -1000000000
'    21    00-00-00-00-01-00-00-00              4294967296
'    26    00-00-00-00-FF-FF-FF-FF             -4294967296
'    53    AA-AA-AA-AA-AA-AA-00-00         187649984473770
'    45    56-55-55-55-55-55-FF-FF        -187649984473770
'    59    00-00-64-A7-B3-B6-E0-0D     1000000000000000000
'    67    00-00-9C-58-4C-49-1F-F2    -1000000000000000000
'    37    FF-FF-FF-FF-FF-FF-FF-7F     9223372036854775807
'     9    00-00-00-00-00-00-00-80    -9223372036854775808

// Example of the BitConverter.ToInt64 method.
import System.*;

class BytesToInt64Demo
{
    private static String formatter = "{0,5}{1,27}{2,24}";

    // Convert eight byte array elements to a long and display it.
    public static void BAToInt64(ubyte bytes[], int index)
    {
        long value = BitConverter.ToInt64(bytes, index);
        Console.WriteLine(formatter, (Int32)index, 
            BitConverter.ToString(bytes, index, 8), (Int64)value);
    } //BAToInt64

    // Display a byte array, using multiple lines if necessary.
    public static void WriteMultiLineByteArray(ubyte bytes[])
    {
        final int rowSize = 20;
        int iter;

        Console.WriteLine("initial byte array");
        Console.WriteLine("------------------");

        for (iter = 0; iter < bytes.length - rowSize; iter+=rowSize) {
            Console.Write(BitConverter.ToString(bytes, iter, rowSize));
            Console.WriteLine("-");
        }

        Console.WriteLine(BitConverter.ToString(bytes, iter));
        Console.WriteLine();
    } //WriteMultiLineByteArray

    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        ubyte byteArray[] =  { 0, 54, 101, 196, 255, 255, 255, 255, 0, 0, 0, 0,
                                0, 0, 0, 0, 128, 0, 202, 154, 59, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1,
                                0, 0, 0, 0, 255, 255, 255, 255, 1, 0, 0, 255, 
                                255, 255, 255, 255, 255, 255, 127, 86, 85, 85, 
                                85, 85, 85, 255, 255, 170, 170, 170, 170, 170, 
                                170, 0, 0, 100, 167, 179, 182, 224, 13, 0, 0, 
                                156, 88, 76, 73, 31, 242 };

        Console.WriteLine("This example of the "
            + "BitConverter.ToInt64( byte[ ], int ) \n"
            + "method generates the following output. " 
            + "It converts elements \nof a byte array to long values.\r\n");
        WriteMultiLineByteArray(byteArray);
        Console.WriteLine(formatter, "index", "array elements", "long");
        Console.WriteLine(formatter, "-----", "--------------", "----");

        // Convert byte array elements to long values.
        BAToInt64(byteArray, 8);
        BAToInt64(byteArray, 5);
        BAToInt64(byteArray, 34);
        BAToInt64(byteArray, 17);
        BAToInt64(byteArray, 0);
        BAToInt64(byteArray, 21);
        BAToInt64(byteArray, 26);
        BAToInt64(byteArray, 53);
        BAToInt64(byteArray, 45);
        BAToInt64(byteArray, 59);
        BAToInt64(byteArray, 67);
        BAToInt64(byteArray, 37);
        BAToInt64(byteArray, 9);
    } //main
} //BytesToInt64Demo

/*
This example of the BitConverter.ToInt64( byte[ ], int )
method generates the following output. It converts elements
of a byte array to long values.

initial byte array
------------------
00-36-65-C4-FF-FF-FF-FF-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-80-00-CA-9A-
3B-00-00-00-00-01-00-00-00-00-FF-FF-FF-FF-01-00-00-FF-FF-FF-
FF-FF-FF-FF-7F-56-55-55-55-55-55-FF-FF-AA-AA-AA-AA-AA-AA-00-
00-64-A7-B3-B6-E0-0D-00-00-9C-58-4C-49-1F-F2

index             array elements                    long
-----             --------------                    ----
    8    00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00                       0
    5    FF-FF-FF-00-00-00-00-00                16777215
   34    01-00-00-FF-FF-FF-FF-FF               -16777215
   17    00-CA-9A-3B-00-00-00-00              1000000000
    0    00-36-65-C4-FF-FF-FF-FF             -1000000000
   21    00-00-00-00-01-00-00-00              4294967296
   26    00-00-00-00-FF-FF-FF-FF             -4294967296
   53    AA-AA-AA-AA-AA-AA-00-00         187649984473770
   45    56-55-55-55-55-55-FF-FF        -187649984473770
   59    00-00-64-A7-B3-B6-E0-0D     1000000000000000000
   67    00-00-9C-58-4C-49-1F-F2    -1000000000000000000
   37    FF-FF-FF-FF-FF-FF-FF-7F     9223372036854775807
    9    00-00-00-00-00-00-00-80    -9223372036854775808
*/

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 1.0

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