Bookmark Class

.NET Framework (current version)

Represents a point at which a workflow or activity can passively wait to be resumed.

Namespace:   System.Activities
Assembly:  System.Activities (in System.Activities.dll)


public ref class Bookmark : IEquatable<Bookmark^>


Initializes a new instance of the Bookmark class using the specified name.


Gets the bookmark name.


Determines whether the current Bookmark and the specified Bookmark refer to the same continuation point in a workflow.


Determines whether the current Bookmark and the specified object refer to the same continuation point in a workflow.(Overrides Object::Equals(Object^).)


Allows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection.(Inherited from Object.)


Returns a unique identifier for this Bookmark instance.(Overrides Object::GetHashCode().)


Gets the Type of the current instance.(Inherited from Object.)


Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.(Inherited from Object.)


Returns the bookmark name for a named bookmark or the bookmark ID for an unnamed bookmark.(Overrides Object::ToString().)

When an activity creates a Bookmark, it becomes idle and waits for the Bookmark to be resumed. If there are other activities in parallel with the activity that created the Bookmark, they will be scheduled for execution.

Bookmarks can be resumed by the host application using one of the ResumeBookmark overloads.

For more information about bookmarks, see Using WorkflowInvoker and WorkflowApplication, Bookmarks, and the Bookmarks [ WF Samples] and Wait For Input Activity [WF Samples] samples.

In the following example, a ReadLine activity is created. When executed, the ReadLine activity creates a Bookmark, registers a callback, and then waits for the Bookmark to be resumed. When it is resumed, the ReadLine activity assigns the data that was passed with the Bookmark to its Result argument.

public sealed class ReadLine : NativeActivity<string>
    public  InArgument<string> BookmarkName { get; set; }

    protected override void Execute(NativeActivityContext context)
        // Create a Bookmark and wait for it to be resumed.
            new BookmarkCallback(OnResumeBookmark));

    // NativeActivity derived activities that do asynchronous operations by calling 
    // one of the CreateBookmark overloads defined on System.Activities.NativeActivityContext 
    // must override the CanInduceIdle property and return true.
    protected override bool CanInduceIdle
        get { return true; }

    public void OnResumeBookmark(NativeActivityContext context, Bookmark bookmark, object obj)
        // When the Bookmark is resumed, assign its value to
        // the Result argument.
        Result.Set(context, (string)obj);

In the following example, a workflow is created that uses the ReadLine activity to gather the user’s name and display it to the console window. The host application performs the actual work of gathering the input and passes it to the workflow by resuming the Bookmark.

Variable<string> name = new Variable<string>
    Name = "name"

Activity wf = new Sequence
    Variables =
    Activities =
        new WriteLine()
            Text = "What is your name?"
        new ReadLine()
            BookmarkName = "UserName",
            Result = name
        new WriteLine()
            Text = new InArgument<string>((env) => "Hello, " + name.Get(env))

AutoResetEvent syncEvent = new AutoResetEvent(false);

// Create the WorkflowApplication using the desired
// workflow definition.
WorkflowApplication wfApp = new WorkflowApplication(wf);

// Handle the desired lifecycle events.
wfApp.Completed = delegate(WorkflowApplicationCompletedEventArgs e)
    // Signal the host that the workflow is complete.

// Start the workflow.

// Collect the user's name and resume the bookmark.
// Bookmark resumption only occurs when the workflow
// is idle. If a call to ResumeBookmark is made and the workflow
// is not idle, ResumeBookmark blocks until the workflow becomes
// idle before resuming the bookmark.
wfApp.ResumeBookmark("UserName", Console.ReadLine());

// Wait for Completed to arrive and signal that
// the workflow is complete.

When the ReadLine activity is executed, it creates a Bookmark named UserName and then waits for the bookmark to be resumed. The host collects the desired data and then resumes the Bookmark. The workflow resumes, displays the name, and then completes. Note that no synchronization code is required with regard to resuming the bookmark. A Bookmark can only be resumed when the workflow is idle, and if the workflow is not idle, the call to ResumeBookmark blocks until the workflow becomes idle.

.NET Framework
Available since 4.0

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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