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HashAlgorithm.ComputeHash Method (Byte[])

Updated: December 2008

Computes the hash value for the specified byte array.

Namespace:  System.Security.Cryptography
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public byte[] ComputeHash(
	byte[] buffer
)

Parameters

buffer
Type: System.Byte[]

The input to compute the hash code for.

Return Value

Type: System.Byte[]
The computed hash code.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

buffer is null.

ObjectDisposedException

The object has already been disposed.

The size of the hash value depends on the hash algorithm it is computed for. For example, the size of the hash for the HMACSHA384 algorithm is 384 bits, and the size of the hash for the HMACSHA256 algorithm is 256 bits. You can obtain the size of the hash in bits by calling the HashSize property. For more information about hash codes, see Ensuring Data Integrity with Hash Codes.

The following example computes the MD5 hash value of a string and returns the hash as a 32-character, hexadecimal-formatted string. The hash string created by this code example is compatible with any MD5 hash function (on any platform) that creates a 32-character, hexadecimal-formatted hash string.

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;

namespace MD5Sample
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            string source = "Hello World!";
            using (MD5 md5Hash = MD5.Create())
            {
                string hash = GetMd5Hash(md5Hash, source);

                Console.WriteLine("The MD5 hash of " + source + " is: " + hash + ".");

                Console.WriteLine("Verifying the hash...");

                if (VerifyMd5Hash(md5Hash, source, hash))
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("The hashes are the same.");
                }
                else
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("The hashes are not same.");
                }
            }



        }
        static string GetMd5Hash(MD5 md5Hash, string input)
        {

            // Convert the input string to a byte array and compute the hash.
            byte[] data = md5Hash.ComputeHash(Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(input));

            // Create a new Stringbuilder to collect the bytes 
            // and create a string.
            StringBuilder sBuilder = new StringBuilder();

            // Loop through each byte of the hashed data  
            // and format each one as a hexadecimal string. 
            for (int i = 0; i < data.Length; i++)
            {
                sBuilder.Append(data[i].ToString("x2"));
            }

            // Return the hexadecimal string. 
            return sBuilder.ToString();
        }

        // Verify a hash against a string. 
        static bool VerifyMd5Hash(MD5 md5Hash, string input, string hash)
        {
            // Hash the input.
            string hashOfInput = GetMd5Hash(md5Hash, input);

            // Create a StringComparer an compare the hashes.
            StringComparer comparer = StringComparer.OrdinalIgnoreCase;

            if (0 == comparer.Compare(hashOfInput, hash))
            {
                return true;
            }
            else
            {
                return false;
            }
        }

    }
}

// This code example produces the following output: 
// 
// The MD5 hash of Hello World! is: ed076287532e86365e841e92bfc50d8c. 
// Verifying the hash... 
// The hashes are the same.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0

Date

History

Reason

December 2008

Added remarks about the size of the hash value and where to obtain more information.

Customer feedback.

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