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Range.BookmarkID Property (Word)

Returns the number of the bookmark that encloses the beginning of the specified range; returns 0 (zero) if there is no corresponding bookmark. Read-only Long.

expression .BookmarkID

expression A variable that represents a Range object.

The number or the bookmark corresponds to the position of the bookmark in the document: 1 for the first bookmark, 2 for the second one, and so on.

This example adds a bookmark named "temp" at the beginning of the document if there is not already a bookmark set for that location.

Set myRange = ActiveDocument.Content 
myRange.Collapse Direction:=wdCollapseStart 
If myRange.BookmarkID = 0 Then 
 ActiveDocument.Bookmarks.Add Name:="temp", Range:=myRange 
End If