Shape.Layer Property (Visio)

Office 2013 and later

Contribute to this content

Use GitHub to suggest and submit changes. See our guidelines for contributing to VBA documentation.

Returns the layer to which a shape is assigned. Read-only.

expression .Layer(Index)

expression A variable that represents a Shape object.




Data Type





The ordinal of the layer to get.

Return Value


If a shape is assigned to three layers, the valid indexes that can be passed to its Layer property are 1 through 3.

To get the number of layers to which a shape is assigned, use the LayerCount property.

This Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) macro shows how to use the Layer property to get a reference to a particular layer. It also uses the LayerCount property to determine the number of layers to which a shape is assigned and the Name property to get the name of the current layer.

Public Sub Layer_Example() 
 Dim vsoPage As Visio.Page 
 Dim vsoShape As Visio.Shape 
 Dim vsoLayers As Visio.Layers 
 Dim vsoLayer As Visio.Layer 
 If ActiveDocument Is Nothing Then 
 Documents.Add ("") 
 End If 
 Set vsoPage = ActivePage 
 If vsoPage Is Nothing Then 
 Set vsoPage = ActiveDocument.Pages(1) 
 End If 
 'Draw a rectangle. 
 Set vsoShape = vsoPage.DrawRectangle(1, 5, 5, 1) 
 'Get the Layers collection. 
 Set vsoLayers = vsoPage.Layers 
 'Create a layer named ExampleLayer1 and add the shape to it. 
 Set vsoLayer = vsoLayers.Add("ExampleLayer1") 
 vsoLayer.Add vsoShape, 1 
 'Create a layer named ExampleLayer2 and add the shape to it. 
 Set vsoLayer = vsoLayers.Add("ExampleLayer2") 
 vsoLayer.Add vsoShape, 1 
 'Verify that the shape has been assigned to 2 layers. 
 Debug.Print "The rectangle is assigned to " & vsoShape.LayerCount & " layers." 
 'Get a reference to the first layer. 
 Set vsoLayer = vsoShape.Layer(1) 
 'Verify by using the Name property. 
 Debug.Print "Current vsoLayer name is """ & vsoLayer.Name & ".""" 
End Sub