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DELETE Statement (Microsoft Access SQL)

Office 2007

Creates a delete query that removes records from one or more of the tables listed in the FROM clause that satisfy the WHERE clause.

Syntax

DELETE [table.*]     FROM table     WHERE criteria

The DELETE statement has these parts:

PartDescription
tableThe optional name of the table from which records are deleted.
tableThe name of the table from which records are deleted.
criteriaAn expression that determines which records to delete.
Remarks

DELETE is especially useful when you want to delete many records.

To drop an entire table from the database, you can use the Execute method with a DROP statement. If you delete the table, however, the structure is lost. In contrast, when you use DELETE, only the data is deleted; the table structure and all of the table properties, such as field attributes and indexes, remain intact.

You can use DELETE to remove records from tables that are in a one-to-many relationship with other tables. Cascade delete operations cause the records in tables that are on the many side of the relationship to be deleted when the corresponding record in the one side of the relationship is deleted in the query. For example, in the relationship between the Customers and Orders tables, the Customers table is on the one side and the Orders table is on the many side of the relationship. Deleting a record from Customers results in the corresponding Orders records being deleted if the cascade delete option is specified.

A delete query deletes entire records, not just data in specific fields. If you want to delete values in a specific field, create an update query that changes the values to Null.

 Important   

  • After you remove records using a delete query, you cannot undo the operation. If you want to know which records were deleted, first examine the results of a select query that uses the same criteria, and then run the delete query.
  • Maintain backup copies of your data at all times. If you delete the wrong records, you can retrieve them from your backup copies.

Example

This example deletes all records for employees whose title is Trainee. When the FROM clause includes only one table, you do not have to list the table name in the DELETE statement.

Sub DeleteX()

    Dim dbs As Database, rst As Recordset

    ' Modify this line to include the path to Northwind
    ' on your computer.
    Set dbs = OpenDatabase("Northwind.mdb")

    ' Delete employee records where title is Trainee.    
    dbs.Execute "DELETE * FROM " _
        & "Employees WHERE Title = 'Trainee';"
    
    dbs.Close

End Sub
See Also

DROP Statement (Microsoft Access SQL)

FROM Clause (Microsoft Access SQL)

IN Clause (Microsoft Access SQL)

INNER JOIN Operation (Microsoft Access SQL)

SELECT Statement (Microsoft Access SQL)

UPDATE Statement (Microsoft Access SQL)

WHERE Statement (Microsoft Access SQL)



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