Ink Zoom Sample

Ink Zoom Sample

Description of ink zoom sample for the Tablet PC.

This sample program demonstrates how to zoom and scroll ink. In particular, it enables the user to zoom in and out of ink in increments. It also demonstrates how to zoom into a particular region using a zoom rectangle. Finally, this sample illustrates how to collect ink at different zoom ratios and how to set up scrolling within the zoomed drawing area.

In the sample, the Renderer object's view and object transforms are used to perform zooming and scrolling. The view transform applies to the points and the pen width. The object transform applies only to the points. The user can control which transform is used by changing the Scale Pen Width item on the Mode menu.

The following features are used in this sample:

Initializing the Form

First, reference the Tablet PC Automation interfaces, which are installed with the Microsoft® Windows® XP Tablet PC Edition Software Development Kit (SDK).

using Microsoft.Ink;

The ink collector and some private members to help with scaling are declared.

// Declare the Ink Collector object
private InkCollector myInkCollector = null;
...
// The starting and ending points of the zoom rectangle
private Rectangle zoomRectangle = Rectangle.Empty;

// The current zoom factor (1 = 100% zoom level)
private float zoomFactor = 1;

// Declare constants for the width and height of the
// drawing area (in ink space coordinates).
private const int InkSpaceWidth = 50000;
private const int InkSpaceHeight = 50000;
...
// Declare constant for the pen width used by this application
private const float MediumInkWidth = 100;

Then in the form's Load Leave Site event handler, an ink collector for the form is created and enabled. Also, the Width property of the collector's DefaultDrawingAttributes property is set. Finally, the scroll bar ranges are defined and the application's UpdateZoomAndScroll method is called.

private void InkZoom_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
   // Create the pen used to draw the zoom rectangle
    blackPen = new Pen(Color.Black, 1);

    // Create the ink collector and associate it with the form
    myInkCollector = new InkCollector(pnlDrawingArea.Handle);

    // Set the pen width
    myInkCollector.DefaultDrawingAttributes.Width = MediumInkWidth;

    // Enable ink collection
    myInkCollector.Enabled = true;

    // Define ink space size - note that the scroll bars
    // map directly to ink space
    hScrollBar.Minimum = 0;
    hScrollBar.Maximum = InkSpaceWidth;
    vScrollBar.Minimum = 0;
    vScrollBar.Maximum = InkSpaceHeight;

    // Set the scroll bars to map to the current zoom level
    UpdateZoomAndScroll();
}

Updating the Zoom and Scroll Values

The drawing area of the ink collector is affected by many events. In the UpdateZoomAndScroll method, a transformation matrix is used to both scale and translate the ink collector within the window.

Note: The Renderer object's SetViewTransform method applies the transform to both the pen and the strokes and the pen width, while the SetObjectTransform method only applies the transform to the strokes. Finally, the application's UpdateScrollBars method is called and the form is forced to refresh.
// Create a transformation matrix
Matrix m = new Matrix();

// Apply the current scale factor
m.Scale(zoomFactor,zoomFactor);

// Apply the current translation factor - note that since
// the scroll bars map directly to ink space, their values
// can be used directly.
m.Translate(-hScrollBar.Value, -vScrollBar.Value);

// ...
if (miScalePenWidth.Checked)
{
    myInkCollector.Renderer.SetViewTransform(m);
}
else
{
    myInkCollector.Renderer.SetObjectTransform(m);
}

// Set the scroll bars to map to the current zoom level
UpdateScrollBars();

Refresh();

Managing the Scroll Bars

The UpdateScrollBars method sets up the scroll bars to work correctly with the current window size, zoom setting, and scroll location within the ink collector. This method calculates the large change and small change values for the vertical and horizontal scroll bars. It also calculates the current value of the scroll bars and whether or not they should be visible. The Renderer object's PixelToInkSpace method handles the conversion from pixels to the zoomed coordinate space and accounts for any scaling and scrolling that is applied through the view and object transforms.

// Create a point representing the top left of the drawing area (in pixels)
Point ptUpperLeft = new Point(0, 0);

// Create a point representing the size of a small change
Point ptSmallChange = new Point(SmallChangeSize, SmallChangeSize);

// Create a point representing the bottom right of the drawing area (in pixels)
Point ptLowerRight = new Point(hScrollBar.Width, vScrollBar.Height);

using (Graphics g = CreateGraphics())
{
    // Convert each of the points to ink space
    myInkCollector.Renderer.PixelToInkSpace(g, ref ptUpperLeft);
    myInkCollector.Renderer.PixelToInkSpace(g, ref ptLowerRight);
    myInkCollector.Renderer.PixelToInkSpace(g, ref ptSmallChange);
}

// Set the SmallChange values (in ink space)
// Note that it is necessary to subract the upper-left point
// value to account for scrolling.
hScrollBar.SmallChange = ptSmallChange.X - ptUpperLeft.X;
vScrollBar.SmallChange = ptSmallChange.Y - ptUpperLeft.Y;

// Set the LargeChange values to the drawing area width (in ink space)
// Note that it is necessary to subract the upper-left point
// value to account for scrolling.
hScrollBar.LargeChange = ptLowerRight.X - ptUpperLeft.X;
vScrollBar.LargeChange = ptLowerRight.Y - ptUpperLeft.Y;

// If the scroll bars are not needed, hide them
hScrollBar.Visible = hScrollBar.LargeChange < hScrollBar.Maximum;
vScrollBar.Visible = vScrollBar.LargeChange < vScrollBar.Maximum;

// If the horizontal scroll bar value would run off of the drawing area,
// adjust it
if(hScrollBar.Visible && (hScrollBar.Value + hScrollBar.LargeChange > hScrollBar.Maximum))
{
    hScrollBar.Value = hScrollBar.Maximum - hScrollBar.LargeChange;
}

// If the vertical scroll bar value would run off of the drawing area,
// adjust it
if(vScrollBar.Visible && (vScrollBar.Value + vScrollBar.LargeChange > vScrollBar.Maximum))
{
    vScrollBar.Value = vScrollBar.Maximum - vScrollBar.LargeChange;
}

Zooming to a Rectangle

The pnlDrawingArea panel event handlers manage drawing the rectangle to the window. If the Zoom To Rect command is checked on the Mode menu, then the MouseUp Leave Site event handler calls the application's ZoomToRectangle method. The ZoomToRectangle method calculates the width and height of the rectangle, checks for boundary conditions, updates the scroll bar values and the scale factor, and then calls the application's UpdateZoomAndScroll method to apply the new settings.

Closing the Form

The form's Dispose Leave Site method disposes the InkCollector object, myInkCollector.

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