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How to: Create a Sample Project File for a Windows Presentation Foundation Standalone Application

This example project file is for a Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) standalone application, with an application definition, App, that is configured to automatically open a window, MainWindow, which is defined with Extensible Application Markup Language (XAML) and code-behind. Key configuration details include:

  • OutputType. Set to winexe.

  • App.xaml. The application definition file being configured as an ApplicationDefinition element.

  • MainWindow.xaml. A XAML file that is declared as a Page element.

  • MainWindow.xaml.cs. A code-behind file that is declared as a Compile element.

You can reuse or modify this project file to suit your needs, as long as the files you reference are in the location you're referencing them from. Alternatively, you can have a project file for a standalone application automatically generated for you by using the Windows Application (WPF) project template in Microsoft Visual Studio 2005.

This project file is for a C# project and consequently includes the Microsoft.CSharp.targets Import element. Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 gives C# project files a .csproj extension. A Microsoft Visual Basic .NET created in Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 would typically have the .vbproj extension, and would include the Microsoft.VisualBasic.targets Import element.

<Project DefaultTargets="Build" xmlns="">


<Configuration Condition=" '$(Configuration)' == '' ">Debug</Configuration>

<Platform Condition=" '$(Platform)' == '' ">AnyCPU</Platform>








<PropertyGroup Condition=" '$(Configuration)|$(Platform)' == 'Debug|AnyCPU' ">







<PropertyGroup Condition=" '$(Configuration)|$(Platform)' == 'Release|AnyCPU' ">







<Reference Include="System" />

<Reference Include="WindowsBase" />

<Reference Include="PresentationCore" />

<Reference Include="PresentationFramework" />



<ApplicationDefinition Include="App.xaml" />

<Page Include="MainWindow.xaml" />

<Compile Include="MainWindow.xaml.cs" />


<Import Project="$(MSBuildBinPath)\Microsoft.CSharp.targets" />

<Import Project="$(MSBuildBinPath)\Microsoft.WinFX.targets" />