IErrorLookup is used by OLE DB error objects to determine the values of the error message, source, Help file path, and context ID based on the return code and a provider-specific error number.

IErrorLookup is exposed by a provider-specific error lookup service that is mandatory for all providers that return OLE DB error objects.

The OLE DB error object code—that is, the code that implements OLE DB error objects—is included in the Windows SDK for Vista Beta 2 and later. It was previously included in the Microsoft Data Access Components (MDAC) SDK.

All providers that return OLE DB error objects must implement IErrorLookup in a separate lookup service. For information about the registry entries used by error lookup services, see Error Lookup Service Registry Entries.

IErrorLookup is called by the OLE DB error object code. It should not be called by general consumers.

When an error occurs, the following sequence of events takes place:

  1. The provider creates an OLE DB error object and adds a record to that object.

  2. The consumer retrieves the error object and gets an IErrorInfo interface on a particular record in that object. It then calls a method in IErrorInfo.

  3. Except for the IErrorInfo::GetGUID method, the OLE DB error object code loads the error lookup service based on the class ID stored in the error record.

  4. The OLE DB error object code returns the hrError element of the ERRORINFO structure, the lookup ID, and the error parameters from the error record. It also returns the locale ID requested in IErrorRecords::GetErrorInfo. It passes all of this information to the appropriate IErrorLookup method.

  5. The IErrorLookup method returns the requested information, based on the hrError, dwLookupID, and lcid arguments, integrates the parameters, and returns this to the error object code.

  6. The OLE DB error object code returns the requested information to the consumer.

  7. The consumer releases the OLE DB error object.

  8. The OLE DB error object code calls IErrorLookup::ReleaseErrors for all error records with a nonzero dynamic error ID to release the error information associated with that record.




Returns the error message and source, based on the return code and the provider-specific error number.


Returns the path of the Help file and the context ID of the topic that explains the error.


Releases any dynamic error information associated with a dynamic error ID.