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IHttpContext::ReleaseClonedContext Method

IIS 7.0

Releases a cloned IHttpContext instance.

virtual HRESULT ReleaseClonedContext(
   VOID
) = 0;

This method takes no parameters.

An HRESULT. Possible values include, but are not limited to, those in the following table.

Value

Description

S_OK

Indicates that the operation was successful.

ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER

Indicates that the parent context for the current request is not valid (for example, a child context is being released after the parent has been released).

The ReleaseClonedContext method releases an instance of an IHttpContext interface. For example, if you create a child context by using the IHttpContext::CloneContext method, you would call the child's ReleaseClonedContext method to release the child context when you are finished using it.

Important noteImportant Note:

Calling the ReleaseClonedContext method to release a child request after releasing its parent context will return ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER. For example, if you create a child context and then use that child to create a nested child request, you will need to release the child contexts in reverse-order of their creation.

The following code example demonstrates how to create an HTTP module that performs the following tasks:

  1. The module registers for the RQ_MAP_PATH notification.

  2. The module creates a CHttpModule class that contains OnMapPath and OnAsyncCompletion methods.

  3. When a Web client requests a URL, IIS calls the module's OnMapPath method. This method performs the following tasks:

    1. Tests to see whether the URL for the current request has a trailing slash or ends with /default.aspx. If the URL ends with either element, the module uses the IHttpContext::CloneContext method to create a clone of the current request.

    2. Calls the clone's IHttpRequest::SetUrl method to set the URL for the clone to /example/default.aspx.

    3. Calls the IHttpContext::ExecuteRequest method to execute the child request.

    4. Tests for asynchronous completion. If asynchronous completion is pending, the module returns processing to the integrated request-processing pipeline. If not, the module releases the cloned context.

  4. If asynchronous completion is required, IIS calls the module's OnAsyncCompletion method. This method releases the cloned context.

  5. The module removes the CHttpModule class from memory and then exits.

#define _WINSOCKAPI_
#include <windows.h>
#include <sal.h>
#include <httpserv.h>

// Create the module class.
class MyHttpModule : public CHttpModule
{

private:

    // Create a pointer for a child request.
    IHttpContext * m_pChildRequestContext;

public:

    MyHttpModule(void)
    {
        m_pChildRequestContext = NULL;
    }

    REQUEST_NOTIFICATION_STATUS
    OnMapPath(
        IN IHttpContext * pHttpContext,
        IN IMapPathProvider * pProvider
    )
    {
        UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( pProvider );

        HRESULT hr;
        BOOL fCompletionExpected;

        // Retrieve a pointer to the URL.
        PCWSTR pwszUrl = pProvider->GetUrl();

        // Only process requests for the root.
        if (0 == wcscmp(pwszUrl,L"/") || 0 == wcscmp(pwszUrl,L"/default.aspx"))
        {            
            // Clone the current context.
            hr = pHttpContext->CloneContext(
                CLONE_FLAG_BASICS, &m_pChildRequestContext );

            // Test for a failure.
            if (FAILED(hr))
            {
                goto Failure;
            }

            // Test for an error.
            if ( NULL != m_pChildRequestContext )
            {
                // Set the URL for the child request.
                hr = m_pChildRequestContext->GetRequest()->SetUrl(
                    "/example/default.aspx",
                    (DWORD)strlen("/example/default.aspx"),false);

                // Test for a failure.
                if (FAILED(hr))
                {
                    goto Failure;
                }

                // Execute the child request.
                hr = pHttpContext->ExecuteRequest(
                    TRUE, m_pChildRequestContext,
                    0, NULL, &fCompletionExpected );

                // Test for a failure.
                if (FAILED(hr))
                {
                    goto Failure;
                }

                // Test for pending asynchronous operations.
                if (fCompletionExpected)
                {
                    return RQ_NOTIFICATION_PENDING;
                }

            }

 Failure:
            // Test for a child request.
            if (NULL != m_pChildRequestContext)
            {
                // Release the child request.
                m_pChildRequestContext->ReleaseClonedContext();
                m_pChildRequestContext = NULL;
            }
        }

        // Return processing to the pipeline.
        return RQ_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE;
    }

    REQUEST_NOTIFICATION_STATUS
        OnAsyncCompletion(
        IN IHttpContext * pHttpContext,
        IN DWORD dwNotification,
        IN BOOL fPostNotification,
        IN IHttpEventProvider * pProvider,
        IN IHttpCompletionInfo * pCompletionInfo
        )
    {
        // Test for a child request.
        if (NULL != m_pChildRequestContext)
        {
            // Release the child request.
            m_pChildRequestContext->ReleaseClonedContext();
            m_pChildRequestContext = NULL;
        }
        // Return processing to the pipeline.
        return RQ_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE;
    }

};

// Create the module's class factory.
class MyHttpModuleFactory : public IHttpModuleFactory
{
public:
    HRESULT
    GetHttpModule(
        OUT CHttpModule ** ppModule, 
        IN IModuleAllocator * pAllocator
    )
    {
        UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( pAllocator );

        // Create a new instance.
        MyHttpModule * pModule = new MyHttpModule;

        // Test for an error.
        if (!pModule)
        {
            // Return an error if we cannot create the instance.
            return HRESULT_FROM_WIN32( ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_MEMORY );
        }
        else
        {
            // Return a pointer to the module.
            *ppModule = pModule;
            pModule = NULL;
            // Return a success status.
            return S_OK;
        }            
    }

    void Terminate()
    {
        // Remove the class from memory.
        delete this;
    }
};

// Create the module's exported registration function.
HRESULT
__stdcall
RegisterModule(
    DWORD dwServerVersion,
    IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo * pModuleInfo,
    IHttpServer * pGlobalInfo
)
{
    UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( dwServerVersion );
    UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( pGlobalInfo );

    return pModuleInfo->SetRequestNotifications(
        new MyHttpModuleFactory,
        RQ_MAP_PATH,
        0
    );
}


Your module must export the RegisterModule function. You can export this function by creating a module definition (.def) file for your project, or you can compile the module by using the /EXPORT:RegisterModule switch. For more information, see Walkthrough: Creating a Request-Level HTTP Module By Using Native Code.

You can optionally compile the code by using the __stdcall (/Gz) calling convention instead of explicitly declaring the calling convention for each function.

Type

Description

Client

  • IIS 7.0 on Windows Vista

  • IIS 7.5 on Windows 7

  • IIS Express 7.5 on Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7

  • IIS 8.0 on Windows 8 Client

Server

  • IIS 7.0 on Windows Server 2008

  • IIS 7.5 on Windows Server 2008 R2

  • IIS Express 7.5 on Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2

  • IIS 8.0 on Windows Server 2012

Product

IIS 7.0, IIS 7.5, IIS Express 7.5, IIS 8.0

Header

Httpserv.h

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