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IHttpContext::GetResponse Method

IIS 7.0

Returns the HTTP response container for the current context.

virtual IHttpResponse* GetResponse(
   VOID
) = 0;

This method takes no parameters.

A pointer to an IHttpResponse interface.

The GetResponse method returns a pointer to an IHttpResponse interface that can be used to call any of the IHttpResponse methods.

NoteNote:

The HTTP context object owns the lifetime of this object. Therefore, you do not free this pointer when writing HTTP modules.

The following code example illustrates how to use the IHttpContext::GetResponse and GetRequest methods to return pointers to IHttpResponse and IHttpRequest interfaces. This example also demonstrates how to use the IHttpRequest::GetHttpMethod method to retrieve the HTTP method for the current request, and it displays the method to a Web client by using the IHttpResponse::WriteEntityChunks method.

#define _WINSOCKAPI_
#include <windows.h>
#include <sal.h>
#include <httpserv.h>

// Create the module class.
class MyHttpModule : public CHttpModule
{
public:
    REQUEST_NOTIFICATION_STATUS
    OnBeginRequest(
        IN IHttpContext * pHttpContext,
        IN IHttpEventProvider * pProvider
    )
    {
        UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( pProvider );

        // Buffer to store the header value.
        PCSTR pszHttpMethod;

        // Retrieve a pointer to the request.
        IHttpRequest * pHttpRequest = pHttpContext->GetRequest();

        // Test for an error.
        if (pHttpRequest != NULL)
        {
            // Retrieve the HTTP method.
            pszHttpMethod = pHttpRequest->GetHttpMethod();

            // Test for an error.
            if (NULL != pszHttpMethod)
            {
                // Clear the existing response.
                pHttpContext->GetResponse()->Clear();
                // Set the MIME type to plain text.
                pHttpContext->GetResponse()->SetHeader(
                    HttpHeaderContentType,"text/plain",
                    (USHORT)strlen("text/plain"),TRUE);
                // Return HTTP method to the client.
                WriteResponseMessage(pHttpContext,
                    "HTTP Method: ",pszHttpMethod);
                // End additional processing.
                return RQ_NOTIFICATION_FINISH_REQUEST;
            }
        }

        // Return processing to the pipeline.
        return RQ_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE;
    }

private:

    // Create a utility method that inserts a name/value pair into the response.
    HRESULT WriteResponseMessage(
        IHttpContext * pHttpContext,
        PCSTR pszName,
        PCSTR pszValue
    )
    {
        // Create an HRESULT to receive return values from methods.
        HRESULT hr;

        // Create a data chunk.
        HTTP_DATA_CHUNK dataChunk;
        // Set the chunk to a chunk in memory.
        dataChunk.DataChunkType = HttpDataChunkFromMemory;
        // Buffer for bytes written of data chunk.
        DWORD cbSent;

        // Set the chunk to the first buffer.
        dataChunk.FromMemory.pBuffer =
            (PVOID) pszName;
        // Set the chunk size to the first buffer size.
        dataChunk.FromMemory.BufferLength =
            (USHORT) strlen(pszName);
        // Insert the data chunk into the response.
        hr = pHttpContext->GetResponse()->WriteEntityChunks(
            &dataChunk,1,FALSE,TRUE,&cbSent);
        // Test for an error.
        if (FAILED(hr))
        {
            // Return the error status.
            return hr;
        }

        // Set the chunk to the second buffer.
        dataChunk.FromMemory.pBuffer =
            (PVOID) pszValue;
        // Set the chunk size to the second buffer size.
        dataChunk.FromMemory.BufferLength =
            (USHORT) strlen(pszValue);
        // Insert the data chunk into the response.
        hr = pHttpContext->GetResponse()->WriteEntityChunks(
            &dataChunk,1,FALSE,TRUE,&cbSent);
        // Test for an error.
        if (FAILED(hr))
        {
            // Return the error status.
            return hr;
        }

        // Return a success status.
        return S_OK;
    }
};

// Create the module's class factory.
class MyHttpModuleFactory : public IHttpModuleFactory
{
public:
    HRESULT
    GetHttpModule(
        OUT CHttpModule ** ppModule, 
        IN IModuleAllocator * pAllocator
    )
    {
        UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( pAllocator );

        // Create a new instance.
        MyHttpModule * pModule = new MyHttpModule;

        // Test for an error.
        if (!pModule)
        {
            // Return an error if the factory cannot create the instance.
            return HRESULT_FROM_WIN32( ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_MEMORY );
        }
        else
        {
            // Return a pointer to the module.
            *ppModule = pModule;
            pModule = NULL;
            // Return a success status.
            return S_OK;
        }            
    }

    void Terminate()
    {
        // Remove the class from memory.
        delete this;
    }
};

// Create the module's exported registration function.
HRESULT
__stdcall
RegisterModule(
    DWORD dwServerVersion,
    IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo * pModuleInfo,
    IHttpServer * pGlobalInfo
)
{
    UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( dwServerVersion );
    UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( pGlobalInfo );

    // Set the request notifications and exit.
    return pModuleInfo->SetRequestNotifications(
        new MyHttpModuleFactory,
        RQ_BEGIN_REQUEST,
        0
    );
}


Your module must export the RegisterModule function. You can export this function by creating a module definition (.def) file for your project, or you can compile the module by using the /EXPORT:RegisterModule switch. For more information, see Walkthrough: Creating a Request-Level HTTP Module By Using Native Code.

You can optionally compile the code by using the __stdcall (/Gz) calling convention instead of explicitly declaring the calling convention for each function.

Type

Description

Client

  • IIS 7.0 on Windows Vista

  • IIS 7.5 on Windows 7

  • IIS Express 7.5 on Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7

  • IIS 8.0 on Windows 8 Client

Server

  • IIS 7.0 on Windows Server 2008

  • IIS 7.5 on Windows Server 2008 R2

  • IIS Express 7.5 on Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2

  • IIS 8.0 on Windows Server 2012

Product

IIS 7.0, IIS 7.5, IIS Express 7.5, IIS 8.0

Header

Httpserv.h

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