IAdviseSink interface

Enables containers and other objects to receive notifications of data changes, view changes, and compound-document changes occurring in objects of interest. Container applications, for example, require such notifications to keep cached presentations of their linked and embedded objects up-to-date. Calls to IAdviseSink methods are asynchronous, so the call is sent and then the next instruction is executed without waiting for the call's return.

For an advisory connection to exist, the object that is to receive notifications must implement IAdviseSink, and the objects in which it is interested must implement IOleObject::Advise and IDataObject::DAdvise. In-process objects and handlers may also implement IViewObject::SetAdvise. Objects implementing IOleObject must support all reasonable advisory methods. To simplify advisory notifications, OLE supplies implementations of the IDataAdviseHolder and IOleAdviseHolder, which keep track of advisory connections and send notifications to the proper sinks through pointers to their IAdviseSink interfaces. IViewObject (and its advisory methods) is implemented in the default handler.

As shown in the following table, an object that has implemented an advise sink registers its interest in receiving certain types of notifications by calling the appropriate method.

Call This Method To Register for These Notifications
IOleObject::Advise When a document is saved, closed, or renamed.
IDataObject::DAdvise When a document's data changes.
IViewObject::SetAdvise When a document's presentation changes.


When an event occurs that applies to a registered notification type, the object application calls the appropriate IAdviseSink method. For example, when an embedded object closes, it calls the IAdviseSink::OnClose method to notify its container. These notifications are asynchronous, occurring after the events that trigger them.

When to implement

Objects, such as container applications and compound documents, implement IAdviseSink to receive notification of changes in data, presentation, name, or state of their linked and embedded objects. Implementers register for one or more types of notification, depending on their needs.

Notifications of changes to an embedded object originate in the server and flow to the container by way of the object handler. If the object is a linked object, the OLE link object intercepts the notifications from the object handler and notifies the container directly. All containers, the object handler, and the OLE link object register for OLE notifications. The typical container also registers for view notifications. Data notifications are usually sent to the OLE link object and object handler.

When to use

Servers call the methods of IAdviseSink to notify objects with which they have an advisory connection of changes in an object's data, view, name, or state.

Note  OLE does not permit synchronous calls in the implementation of asynchronous methods, so you cannot make synchronous calls within any of the IAdviseSink interface's methods. For example, an implementation of IAdviseSink::OnDataChange cannot contain a call to IDataObject::GetData.


The IAdviseSink interface inherits from the IUnknown interface. IAdviseSink also has these types of members:


The IAdviseSink interface has these methods.


Advises that the object has been closed.


Advises that the data has changed.


Advises that the name of object has changed.


Advises that the object has been saved to disk.


Advises that the view of object has changed.



Minimum supported client

Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps | Windows Store apps]

Minimum supported server

Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps | Windows Store apps]






IID_IAdviseSink is defined as 00000150-0000-0000-C000-000000000046

See also