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IHttpContext::GetPhysicalPath Method

IIS 7.0

Retrieves the physical path for the current request.

virtual PCWSTR GetPhysicalPath(
   DWORD* pcchPhysicalPath = NULL
) = 0;

pcchPhysicalPath

A pointer to a DWORD that will contain the length of the string returned by GetPhysicalPath.

A pointer to a string that contains the path.

You can use the GetPhysicalPath method to retrieve the physical path of the current file that is being requested. For example, if a request were made for your site's home page, the GetPhysicalPath method might return SystemDrive\Inetpub\Wwwroot\Default.htm.

The following code example demonstrates how to use the GetPhysicalPath method to create an HTTP module that retrieves the full path of the current request.

#define _WINSOCKAPI_
#include <windows.h>
#include <sal.h>
#include <httpserv.h>

// Create the module class.
class MyHttpModule : public CHttpModule
{
public:
    REQUEST_NOTIFICATION_STATUS
    OnSendResponse(
        IN IHttpContext * pHttpContext,
        IN ISendResponseProvider * pProvider
    )
    {
        UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( pProvider );

        // Buffers for string variables.
        PCWSTR pwszPhysicalPath = NULL;
        char*  pszPhysicalPath = NULL;
        // Length of the string returned.
        DWORD  cchPhysicalPath = 0;

        // Retrieve the physical path.
        pwszPhysicalPath = pHttpContext->GetPhysicalPath(&cchPhysicalPath);

        // Test for an error.
        if (NULL != pwszPhysicalPath)
        {
            // Clear the existing buffer.
            pHttpContext->GetResponse()->Clear();
            // Check if the path string is empty.
            if (cchPhysicalPath > 0)
            {
                // Convert the physical path string.
                pszPhysicalPath = (char*) pHttpContext->AllocateRequestMemory( (DWORD) wcslen(pwszPhysicalPath)+1 );
                wcstombs(pszPhysicalPath,pwszPhysicalPath,wcslen(pwszPhysicalPath));
                // Output the path information.
                WriteResponseMessage(pHttpContext,
                    "Physical Path: ",pszPhysicalPath);
                // End additional processing.
                return RQ_NOTIFICATION_FINISH_REQUEST;
            }
        }

        // Return processing to the pipeline.
        return RQ_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE;
    }

private:

    // Create a utility method that inserts a name/value pair into the response.
    HRESULT WriteResponseMessage(
        IHttpContext * pHttpContext,
        PCSTR pszName,
        PCSTR pszValue
    )
    {
        // Create an HRESULT to receive return values from methods.
        HRESULT hr;

        // Create a data chunk.
        HTTP_DATA_CHUNK dataChunk;
        // Set the chunk to a chunk in memory.
        dataChunk.DataChunkType = HttpDataChunkFromMemory;
        // Buffer for bytes written of data chunk.
        DWORD cbSent;

        // Set the chunk to the first buffer.
        dataChunk.FromMemory.pBuffer =
            (PVOID) pszName;
        // Set the chunk size to the first buffer size.
        dataChunk.FromMemory.BufferLength =
            (USHORT) strlen(pszName);
        // Insert the data chunk into the response.
        hr = pHttpContext->GetResponse()->WriteEntityChunks(
            &dataChunk,1,FALSE,TRUE,&cbSent);
        // Test for an error.
        if (FAILED(hr))
        {
            // Return the error status.
            return hr;
        }

        // Set the chunk to the second buffer.
        dataChunk.FromMemory.pBuffer =
            (PVOID) pszValue;
        // Set the chunk size to the second buffer size.
        dataChunk.FromMemory.BufferLength =
            (USHORT) strlen(pszValue);
        // Insert the data chunk into the response.
        hr = pHttpContext->GetResponse()->WriteEntityChunks(
            &dataChunk,1,FALSE,TRUE,&cbSent);
        // Test for an error.
        if (FAILED(hr))
        {
            // Return the error status.
            return hr;
        }

        // Return a success status.
        return S_OK;
    }
};

// Create the module's class factory.
class MyHttpModuleFactory : public IHttpModuleFactory
{
public:
    HRESULT
    GetHttpModule(
        OUT CHttpModule ** ppModule, 
        IN IModuleAllocator * pAllocator
    )
    {
        UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( pAllocator );

        // Create a new instance.
        MyHttpModule * pModule = new MyHttpModule;

        // Test for an error.
        if (!pModule)
        {
            // Return an error if the factory cannot create the instance.
            return HRESULT_FROM_WIN32( ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_MEMORY );
        }
        else
        {
            // Return a pointer to the module.
            *ppModule = pModule;
            pModule = NULL;
            // Return a success status.
            return S_OK;
        }            
    }

    void Terminate()
    {
        // Remove the class from memory.
        delete this;
    }
};

// Create the module's exported registration function.
HRESULT
__stdcall
RegisterModule(
    DWORD dwServerVersion,
    IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo * pModuleInfo,
    IHttpServer * pGlobalInfo
)
{
    UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( dwServerVersion );
    UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( pGlobalInfo );

    // Set the request notifications and exit.
    return pModuleInfo->SetRequestNotifications(
        new MyHttpModuleFactory,
        RQ_SEND_RESPONSE,
        0
    );
}


Your module must export the RegisterModule function. You can export this function by creating a module definition (.def) file for your project, or you can compile the module by using the /EXPORT:RegisterModule switch. For more information, see Walkthrough: Creating a Request-Level HTTP Module By Using Native Code.

You can optionally compile the code by using the __stdcall (/Gz) calling convention instead of explicitly declaring the calling convention for each function.

Type

Description

Client

  • IIS 7.0 on Windows Vista

  • IIS 7.5 on Windows 7

  • IIS Express 7.5 on Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7

  • IIS 8.0 on Windows 8 Client

Server

  • IIS 7.0 on Windows Server 2008

  • IIS 7.5 on Windows Server 2008 R2

  • IIS Express 7.5 on Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2

  • IIS 8.0 on Windows Server 2012

Product

IIS 7.0, IIS 7.5, IIS Express 7.5, IIS 8.0

Header

Httpserv.h

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