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IHttpApplication::GetApplicationId Method

IIS 7.0

Retrieves the identifying application path for the current request.

virtual PCWSTR GetApplicationId(
   VOID
) const = 0;

This method takes no parameters.

A pointer to a string that contains the identifying path for the application pool.

The GetApplicationId method returns the unique identity path for the application that is processing the current request. For example, the identifying path for the application pool that is processing requests for the default Web site would be /LM/W3SVC/1/ROOT.

The following code example demonstrates how to use the GetApplicationId method to create an HTTP module that retrieves the identifying path for the current application and returns this information to a Web client.

#define _WINSOCKAPI_
#include <windows.h>
#include <sal.h>
#include <httpserv.h>

// Create the module class.
class MyHttpModule : public CHttpModule
{
public:
    REQUEST_NOTIFICATION_STATUS
    OnBeginRequest(
        IN IHttpContext * pHttpContext,
        IN IHttpEventProvider * pProvider
    )
    {
        UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( pProvider );

        // Create an HRESULT to receive return values from methods.
        HRESULT hr;

        // Buffer to store the translated path.
        char* pszApplicationId;

        // Retrieve a pointer to the IHttpApplication class.
        IHttpApplication * pHttpApplication =
            pHttpContext->GetApplication();

        // Retrieve a pointer to the application configuration path.
        PCWSTR pwszApplicationId =
            pHttpApplication->GetApplicationId();

        // Test for an error.
        if (NULL != pwszApplicationId)
        {
            // Length of the returned path.
            DWORD cbApplicationId =
                (DWORD) wcslen(pwszApplicationId);
            // Allocate space to store the path.
            pszApplicationId =
                (PSTR) pHttpContext->AllocateRequestMemory(cbApplicationId + 1);
            // Test for an error.
            if (pszApplicationId==NULL)
            {
                // Set the error status.
                hr = HRESULT_FROM_WIN32(ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_MEMORY);
                pProvider->SetErrorStatus( hr );
                // End additional processing.
                return RQ_NOTIFICATION_FINISH_REQUEST;
            }

            // Convert the WCHAR string to a CHAR string.
            wcstombs(pszApplicationId,pwszApplicationId,cbApplicationId);

            // Clear the existing response.
            pHttpContext->GetResponse()->Clear();
            // Set the MIME type to plain text.
            pHttpContext->GetResponse()->SetHeader(
                HttpHeaderContentType,"text/plain",
                (USHORT)strlen("text/plain"),TRUE);

            // Return the path information.
            WriteResponseMessage(pHttpContext,
                "Application ID: ",pszApplicationId);

            // End additional processing.
            return RQ_NOTIFICATION_FINISH_REQUEST;
        }

        // Return processing to the pipeline.
        return RQ_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE;
    }

private:

    // Create a utility method that inserts a name/value pair into the response.
    HRESULT WriteResponseMessage(
        IHttpContext * pHttpContext,
        PCSTR pszName,
        PCSTR pszValue
    )
    {
        // Create an HRESULT to receive return values from methods.
        HRESULT hr;

        // Create a data chunk.
        HTTP_DATA_CHUNK dataChunk;
        // Set the chunk to a chunk in memory.
        dataChunk.DataChunkType = HttpDataChunkFromMemory;
        // Buffer for bytes written of data chunk.
        DWORD cbSent;

        // Set the chunk to the first buffer.
        dataChunk.FromMemory.pBuffer =
            (PVOID) pszName;
        // Set the chunk size to the first buffer size.
        dataChunk.FromMemory.BufferLength =
            (USHORT) strlen(pszName);
        // Insert the data chunk into the response.
        hr = pHttpContext->GetResponse()->WriteEntityChunks(
            &dataChunk,1,FALSE,TRUE,&cbSent);
        // Test for an error.
        if (FAILED(hr))
        {
            // Return the error status.
            return hr;
        }

        // Set the chunk to the second buffer.
        dataChunk.FromMemory.pBuffer =
            (PVOID) pszValue;
        // Set the chunk size to the second buffer size.
        dataChunk.FromMemory.BufferLength =
            (USHORT) strlen(pszValue);
        // Insert the data chunk into the response.
        hr = pHttpContext->GetResponse()->WriteEntityChunks(
            &dataChunk,1,FALSE,TRUE,&cbSent);
        // Test for an error.
        if (FAILED(hr))
        {
            // Return the error status.
            return hr;
        }

        // Return a success status.
        return S_OK;
    }
};

// Create the module's class factory.
class MyHttpModuleFactory : public IHttpModuleFactory
{
public:
    HRESULT
    GetHttpModule(
        OUT CHttpModule ** ppModule, 
        IN IModuleAllocator * pAllocator
    )
    {
        UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( pAllocator );

        // Create a new instance.
        MyHttpModule * pModule = new MyHttpModule;

        // Test for an error.
        if (!pModule)
        {
            // Return an error if the factory cannot create the instance.
            return HRESULT_FROM_WIN32( ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_MEMORY );
        }
        else
        {
            // Return a pointer to the module.
            *ppModule = pModule;
            pModule = NULL;
            // Return a success status.
            return S_OK;
        }            
    }

    void Terminate()
    {
        // Remove the class from memory.
        delete this;
    }
};

// Create the module's exported registration function.
HRESULT
__stdcall
RegisterModule(
    DWORD dwServerVersion,
    IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo * pModuleInfo,
    IHttpServer * pGlobalInfo
)
{
    UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( dwServerVersion );
    UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( pGlobalInfo );

    // Set the request notifications and exit.
    return pModuleInfo->SetRequestNotifications(
        new MyHttpModuleFactory,
        RQ_BEGIN_REQUEST,
        0
    );
}


Your module must export the RegisterModule function. You can export this function by creating a module definition (.def) file for your project, or you can compile the module by using the /EXPORT:RegisterModule switch. For more information, see Walkthrough: Creating a Request-Level HTTP Module By Using Native Code.

You can optionally compile the code by using the __stdcall (/Gz) calling convention instead of explicitly declaring the calling convention for each function.

Type

Description

Client

  • IIS 7.0 on Windows Vista

  • IIS 7.5 on Windows 7

  • IIS Express 7.5 on Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7

  • IIS 8.0 on Windows 8 Client

Server

  • IIS 7.0 on Windows Server 2008

  • IIS 7.5 on Windows Server 2008 R2

  • IIS Express 7.5 on Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2

  • IIS 8.0 on Windows Server 2012

Product

IIS 7.0, IIS 7.5, IIS Express 7.5, IIS 8.0

Header

Httpserv.h

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