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IHttpContext::GetResponseHeadersSent Method

IIS 7.0

Determines whether the HTTP response headers have been sent to the client.

virtual BOOL GetResponseHeadersSent(
   VOID
) const = 0;

This method takes no parameters.

true if the HTTP response headers have been sent; otherwise, false.

The GetResponseHeadersSent method determines whether another module has already sent the HTTP response headers to the client (for example, another HTTP module has called the IHttpResponse::Flush method). The GetResponseHeadersSent method is especially useful when you are creating an HTTP module that writes values to the headers, because it enables you to have deterministic control over the information that your HTTP module outputs to a Web client.

The following code example demonstrates how to use the GetResponseHeadersSent method to create an HTTP module that determines whether the headers have been written to the client. The module indicates the result by returning a message to a Web client.

#define _WINSOCKAPI_
#include <windows.h>
#include <sal.h>
#include <httpserv.h>

// Create the module class.
class MyHttpModule : public CHttpModule
{
public:
    REQUEST_NOTIFICATION_STATUS
    OnBeginRequest(
        IN IHttpContext * pHttpContext,
        IN IHttpEventProvider * pProvider
    )
    {
        UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( pProvider );

        // Clear the existing response.
        pHttpContext->GetResponse()->Clear();
        // Set the MIME type to plain text.
        pHttpContext->GetResponse()->SetHeader(
            HttpHeaderContentType,"text/plain",
            (USHORT)strlen("text/plain"),TRUE);

        // Return the status of the headers.
        WriteResponseMessage(pHttpContext, "Headers sent: ",
            pHttpContext->GetResponseHeadersSent() ? "Yes" : "No");

        // End additional processing.
        return RQ_NOTIFICATION_FINISH_REQUEST;
    }

private:

    // Create a utility method that inserts a name/value pair into the response.
    HRESULT WriteResponseMessage(
        IHttpContext * pHttpContext,
        PCSTR pszName,
        PCSTR pszValue
    )
    {
        // Create an HRESULT to receive return values from methods.
        HRESULT hr;

        // Create a data chunk.
        HTTP_DATA_CHUNK dataChunk;
        // Set the chunk to a chunk in memory.
        dataChunk.DataChunkType = HttpDataChunkFromMemory;
        // Buffer for bytes written of data chunk.
        DWORD cbSent;

        // Set the chunk to the first buffer.
        dataChunk.FromMemory.pBuffer =
            (PVOID) pszName;
        // Set the chunk size to the first buffer size.
        dataChunk.FromMemory.BufferLength =
            (USHORT) strlen(pszName);
        // Insert the data chunk into the response.
        hr = pHttpContext->GetResponse()->WriteEntityChunks(
            &dataChunk,1,FALSE,TRUE,&cbSent);
        // Test for an error.
        if (FAILED(hr))
        {
            // Return the error status.
            return hr;
        }

        // Set the chunk to the second buffer.
        dataChunk.FromMemory.pBuffer =
            (PVOID) pszValue;
        // Set the chunk size to the second buffer size.
        dataChunk.FromMemory.BufferLength =
            (USHORT) strlen(pszValue);
        // Insert the data chunk into the response.
        hr = pHttpContext->GetResponse()->WriteEntityChunks(
            &dataChunk,1,FALSE,TRUE,&cbSent);
        // Test for an error.
        if (FAILED(hr))
        {
            // Return the error status.
            return hr;
        }

        // Return a success status.
        return S_OK;
    }
};

// Create the module's class factory.
class MyHttpModuleFactory : public IHttpModuleFactory
{
public:
    HRESULT
    GetHttpModule(
        OUT CHttpModule ** ppModule, 
        IN IModuleAllocator * pAllocator
    )
    {
        UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( pAllocator );

        // Create a new instance.
        MyHttpModule * pModule = new MyHttpModule;

        // Test for an error.
        if (!pModule)
        {
            // Return an error if the factory cannot create the instance.
            return HRESULT_FROM_WIN32( ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_MEMORY );
        }
        else
        {
            // Return a pointer to the module.
            *ppModule = pModule;
            pModule = NULL;
            // Return a success status.
            return S_OK;
        }            
    }

    void Terminate()
    {
        // Remove the class from memory.
        delete this;
    }
};

// Create the module's exported registration function.
HRESULT
__stdcall
RegisterModule(
    DWORD dwServerVersion,
    IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo * pModuleInfo,
    IHttpServer * pGlobalInfo
)
{
    UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( dwServerVersion );
    UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( pGlobalInfo );

    // Set the request notifications and exit.
    return pModuleInfo->SetRequestNotifications(
        new MyHttpModuleFactory,
        RQ_BEGIN_REQUEST,
        0
    );
}


Your module must export the RegisterModule function. You can export this function by creating a module definition (.def) file for your project, or you can compile the module by using the /EXPORT:RegisterModule switch. For more information, see Walkthrough: Creating a Request-Level HTTP Module By Using Native Code.

You can compile the code by using the __stdcall (/Gz) calling convention instead of explicitly declaring the calling convention for each function.

Type

Description

Client

  • IIS 7.0 on Windows Vista

  • IIS 7.5 on Windows 7

  • IIS Express 7.5 on Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7

  • IIS 8.0 on Windows 8 Client

Server

  • IIS 7.0 on Windows Server 2008

  • IIS 7.5 on Windows Server 2008 R2

  • IIS Express 7.5 on Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2

  • IIS 8.0 on Windows Server 2012

Product

IIS 7.0, IIS 7.5, IIS Express 7.5, IIS 8.0

Header

Httpserv.h

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