SetProcessAffinityMask function

Sets a processor affinity mask for the threads of the specified process.


BOOL WINAPI SetProcessAffinityMask(
  _In_ HANDLE    hProcess,
  _In_ DWORD_PTR dwProcessAffinityMask


hProcess [in]

A handle to the process whose affinity mask is to be set. This handle must have the PROCESS_SET_INFORMATION access right. For more information, see Process Security and Access Rights.

dwProcessAffinityMask [in]

The affinity mask for the threads of the process.

On a system with more than 64 processors, the affinity mask must specify processors in a single processor group.

Return value

If the function succeeds, the return value is nonzero.

If the function fails, the return value is zero. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.

If the process affinity mask requests a processor that is not configured in the system, the last error code is ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER.

On a system with more than 64 processors, if the calling process contains threads in more than one processor group, the last error code is ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER.


A process affinity mask is a bit vector in which each bit represents a logical processor on which the threads of the process are allowed to run. The value of the process affinity mask must be a subset of the system affinity mask values obtained by the GetProcessAffinityMask function. A process is only allowed to run on the processors configured into a system. Therefore, the process affinity mask cannot specify a 1 bit for a processor when the system affinity mask specifies a 0 bit for that processor.

Process affinity is inherited by any child process or newly instantiated local process.

Do not call SetProcessAffinityMask in a DLL that may be called by processes other than your own.

On a system with more than 64 processors, the SetProcessAffinityMask function can be used to set the process affinity mask only for processes with threads in a single processor group. Use the SetThreadAffinityMask function to set the affinity mask for individual threads in multiple groups. This effectively changes the group assignment of the process.


Minimum supported client

Windows XP [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2003 [desktop apps only]


WinBase.h (include Windows.h)





See also

Multiple Processors
Process and Thread Functions
Processor Groups