QueryServiceConfig function

Retrieves the configuration parameters of the specified service. Optional configuration parameters are available using the QueryServiceConfig2 function.


BOOL WINAPI QueryServiceConfig(
  _In_      SC_HANDLE              hService,
  _Out_opt_ LPQUERY_SERVICE_CONFIG lpServiceConfig,
  _In_      DWORD                  cbBufSize,
  _Out_     LPDWORD                pcbBytesNeeded


hService [in]

A handle to the service. This handle is returned by the OpenService or CreateService function, and it must have the SERVICE_QUERY_CONFIG access right. For more information, see Service Security and Access Rights.

lpServiceConfig [out, optional]

A pointer to a buffer that receives the service configuration information. The format of the data is a QUERY_SERVICE_CONFIG structure.

The maximum size of this array is 8K bytes. To determine the required size, specify NULL for this parameter and 0 for the cbBufSize parameter. The function will fail and GetLastError will return ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER. The pcbBytesNeeded parameter will receive the required size.

cbBufSize [in]

The size of the buffer pointed to by the lpServiceConfig parameter, in bytes.

pcbBytesNeeded [out]

A pointer to a variable that receives the number of bytes needed to store all the configuration information, if the function fails with ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER.

Return value

If the function succeeds, the return value is nonzero.

If the function fails, the return value is zero. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.

The following error codes can be set by the service control manager. Others can be set by the registry functions that are called by the service control manager.

Return codeDescription

The handle does not have the SERVICE_QUERY_CONFIG access right.


There is more service configuration information than would fit into the lpServiceConfig buffer. The number of bytes required to get all the information is returned in the pcbBytesNeeded parameter. Nothing is written to lpServiceConfig.


The specified handle is invalid.



The QueryServiceConfig function returns the service configuration information kept in the registry for a particular service. This configuration information is first set by a service control program using the CreateService function. This information may have been updated by a service configuration program using the ChangeServiceConfig function.

If the service was running when the configuration information was last changed, the information returned by QueryServiceConfig will not reflect the current configuration of the service. Instead, it will reflect the configuration of the service when it is next run. The DisplayName key is an exception to this. When the DisplayName key is changed, it takes effect immediately, regardless of whether the service is running.


For an example, see Querying a Service's Configuration.


Minimum supported client

Windows XP [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2003 [desktop apps only]


Winsvc.h (include Windows.h)





Unicode and ANSI names

QueryServiceConfigW (Unicode) and QueryServiceConfigA (ANSI)

See also

Service Configuration
Service Functions