Exception-Handler Syntax

The __try and __except keywords are used to construct a frame-based exception handler. The following example shows the structure of an exception handler.


__try 
{
    // guarded body of code 
 
} 
__except (filter-expression) 
{ 
    // exception-handler block 
 
}

Note that the __try block and the exception-handler block require braces ({}). Using a goto statement to jump into the body of a __try block or into an exception-handler block is not permitted. This rule applies to both exception handlers and termination handlers.

The __try block contains the guarded body of code that the exception handler protects. A function can have any number of exception handlers, and these exception-handling statements can be nested within the same function or in different functions. If an exception occurs within the __try block, the system takes control and begins the search for an exception handler. For a detailed description of this search, see Exception Handling.

The exception handler receives only exceptions that occur within a single thread. This means that if a __try block contains a call to the CreateProcess or CreateThread function, exceptions that occur within the new process or thread are not dispatched to this handler.

The system evaluates the filter expression of each exception handler guarding the code in which the exception occurred until either the exception is handled or there are no more handlers. A filter expression must be evaluated as one of the three following values.

ValueMeaning
EXCEPTION_EXECUTE_HANDLERThe system transfers control to the exception handler, and execution continues in the stack frame in which the handler is found.
EXCEPTION_CONTINUE_SEARCHThe system continues to search for a handler.
EXCEPTION_CONTINUE_EXECUTIONThe system stops its search for a handler and returns control to the point at which the exception occurred. If the exception is noncontinuable, this results in an EXCEPTION_NONCONTINUABLE_EXCEPTION exception.

 

The filter expression is evaluated in the context of the function in which the exception handler is located, even though the exception may have occurred in a different function. This means that the filter expression can access the function's local variables. Similarly, the exception-handler block can access the local variables of the function in which it is located.

For more examples, see Using an Exception Handler.

For more information about filter expressions and filter functions, see Frame-based Exception Handling.

 

 

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