Move Method Example (VC++)


This example uses the Move method to position the record pointer based on user input.

// BeginMoveCpp.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc /c
#import "msado15.dll" no_namespace rename("EOF", "EndOfFile")

#include <stdio.h>
#include <ole2.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <conio.h>
#include "icrsint.h"

// This Class extracts fname, lname, city and state from the "authors" table.
class CAuthorsRs : public CADORecordBinding {

   // Column au_id is the 1st field in the recordset   
   ADO_VARIABLE_LENGTH_ENTRY2(2, adVarChar, m_au_fname, sizeof(m_au_fname), lemp_fnameStatus, TRUE)
   ADO_VARIABLE_LENGTH_ENTRY2(3, adVarChar, m_au_lname, sizeof(m_au_lname), lemp_lnameStatus, TRUE)
   ADO_VARIABLE_LENGTH_ENTRY2(4, adVarChar, m_au_city, sizeof(m_au_city), lemp_cityStatus, TRUE)
   ADO_VARIABLE_LENGTH_ENTRY2(5, adChar, m_au_state, sizeof(m_au_state), lemp_stateStatus, TRUE)

   char m_au_fname[21];
   ULONG lemp_fnameStatus;
   char m_au_lname[41];
   ULONG lemp_lnameStatus;
   char m_au_city[21];
   ULONG lemp_cityStatus;
   char m_au_state[3];
   ULONG lemp_stateStatus;

// Function Declaration.
inline void TESTHR(HRESULT x) { if FAILED(x) _com_issue_error(x); };
void MoveX();
void PrintProviderError(_ConnectionPtr pConnection);
void PrintComError(_com_error &e);

inline char* mygets(char* strDest, int n) {   
   char strExBuff[10];
   char* pstrRet = fgets(strDest, n, stdin);

   if (pstrRet == NULL)
      return NULL;

   if (!strrchr(strDest, '\n'))
      // Exhaust the input buffer.
      do {
         fgets(strExBuff, sizeof(strExBuff), stdin);
      } while (!strrchr(strExBuff, '\n'));
      // Replace '\n' with '\0'
      strDest[strrchr(strDest, '\n') - strDest] = '\0';

   return pstrRet;

int main() {
   if (FAILED(::CoInitialize(NULL)))
      return -1;


void MoveX() {
   // Define ADO object pointers.  Initialize pointers on define.  These are in the ADODB::  namespace.
   _RecordsetPtr pRstAuthors = NULL;
   char *token1;

   // Define Other Variables
   IADORecordBinding *picRs = NULL;   // Interface Pointer declared  
   CAuthorsRs authorsrs;   // C++ class object
   HRESULT hr = S_OK;

   // Open Authors table
   _bstr_t strCnn("Provider='sqloledb'; Data Source='My_Data_Source'; Initial Catalog='pubs'; Integrated Security='SSPI';");

   try {
      // Open recordset from Authors table.

      pRstAuthors->CursorType = adOpenStatic;
      // Use client cursor to allow use of AbsolutePosition property.
      pRstAuthors->CursorLocation = adUseClient;

      pRstAuthors->Open("SELECT au_id, au_fname, au_lname, city, "
         "state FROM Authors ORDER BY au_lname", strCnn, adOpenStatic, adLockReadOnly, adCmdText);

      // Open an IADORecordBinding interface pointer which we'll use 
      // for Binding Recordset to a class.

      // Bind the Recordset to a C++ Class here.


      char * strMove;
      char strTemp[5];
      while (true) {
         // Display information about current record and ask how many records to move.
         printf("Record %ld of %d\n", pRstAuthors->AbsolutePosition, pRstAuthors->RecordCount);
         printf("Author: %s %s\n", 
            authorsrs.lemp_fnameStatus == adFldOK ? 
            authorsrs.m_au_fname : "<NULL>", 
            authorsrs.lemp_lnameStatus == adFldOK ? 
            authorsrs.m_au_lname : "<NULL>");
         printf("Location: %s, %s\n\n", 
            authorsrs.lemp_cityStatus == adFldOK ? 
            authorsrs.m_au_city : "<NULL>", 
            authorsrs.lemp_stateStatus == adFldOK ? 
            authorsrs.m_au_state : "<NULL>");

         printf("Enter number of records to Move \n(positive or negative, 0 (zero) to quit): ");
         mygets(strTemp, 5);

         strMove = strtok_s(strTemp, "\t", &token1);

         if (strMove == NULL || *strMove == '0')

         // if the input is not numeric then notify the user.
         if (!atol(strMove)) {
            printf("Expecting numeric value...\n");

         // Store bookmark in case the Move goes too far forward or backward.
         _variant_t varBookmark = pRstAuthors->Bookmark;

         // Move method requires parameter of data type Long.
         long lngMove = atol(strMove);


         // Trap for BOF or EOF.
         if (pRstAuthors->BOF) {
            printf("Too far backward! Returning to current record.\n");
            pRstAuthors->Bookmark = varBookmark;

         if (pRstAuthors->EndOfFile) {
            printf("Too far forward! Returning to current record.\n");
            pRstAuthors->Bookmark = varBookmark;
   catch(_com_error &e) {
      // Notify the user of errors if any.
      // Pass a connection pointer accessed from the Recordset.
      _variant_t vtConnect = pRstAuthors->GetActiveConnection();

      // GetActiveConnection returns connect string if connection
      // is not open, else returns Connection object.
      switch (vtConnect.vt) {
         case VT_BSTR:
         case VT_DISPATCH:
            printf("Errors occured.");


   // Clean up objects before exit.  Release the IADORecordset Interface here   
   if (picRs)

   if (pRstAuthors)
      if (pRstAuthors->State == adStateOpen)


void PrintProviderError(_ConnectionPtr pConnection) {
   // Print Provider Errors from Connection object.
   // pErr is a record object in the Connection's Error collection.
   ErrorPtr  pErr  = NULL;

   if ( (pConnection->Errors->Count) > 0) {
      long nCount = pConnection->Errors->Count;
      // Collection ranges from 0 to nCount -1.
      for (long i = 0 ; i < nCount ; i++) {
         pErr = pConnection->Errors->GetItem(i);
         printf("\t Error number: %x\t%s", pErr->Number, (LPCSTR) pErr->Description);

void PrintComError(_com_error &e) {
   _bstr_t bstrSource(e.Source());
   _bstr_t bstrDescription(e.Description());

   // Print Com errors.  
   printf("\tCode = %08lx\n", e.Error());
   printf("\tCode meaning = %s\n", e.ErrorMessage());
   printf("\tSource = %s\n", (LPCSTR) bstrSource);
   printf("\tDescription = %s\n", (LPCSTR) bstrDescription);

Record 1 of 23
Author: Abraham Bennet
Location: Berkeley, CA

Enter number of records to Move 
(positive or negative, Enter to quit): Record 2 of 23
Author: Reginald Blotchet-Halls
Location: Corvallis, OR

Enter number of records to Move 
(positive or negative, Enter to quit):