How to: Create a UDF That Calls a Web Service

How to: Create a UDF That Calls a Web Service

Last modified: January 21, 2010

Applies to: SharePoint Server 2010

This example shows how to call an external Web service from a user-defined function (UDF). The Web service used in this example is:

http://webservices.imacination.com/distance/Distance.jws?wsdl

You must use Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 or a similar Microsoft .NET Framework 2.0–compatible development tool to create this sample.

Note Note

Before testing the code, make sure that the Web service you are calling is available. The Web service server could be down or the Web service discontinued. If the Web service is unavailable, the calls you make to the Web service from your code will fail.

You can check if a Web service is available by visiting its site. In this example, the URL is:

http://webservices.imacination.com/distance/Distance.jws?wsdl

If the Web service is available, you will be able to see the Web Services Description Language (WSDL). If it is not available, you will get the usual "Web page not found" error.

You can learn more about the Web service used in this example by examining its WSDL.

One service it provides is to return geographical coordinates in decimal form. In this sample, the ToDegreeNotation function has been added to show how you can convert coordinates to degrees/minutes/seconds, which is more appropriate for displaying coordinates.

[UdfMethod]
public string ToDegreeNotation(double angle)
{
    int deg = (int)angle;
    double minutesAndSeconds = Math.Abs(angle - deg) * 60;
    int minutes = (int)minutesAndSeconds;
    int seconds = (int)(Math.Abs(minutesAndSeconds - minutes) * 60);

    return deg.ToString() + "°" + minutes.ToString() + "\'" + 
        seconds.ToString() + "\"";
}

If your Internet Explorer LAN setting is configured to use a proxy server, your code must explicitly make a call to set the proxy server. Otherwise, your Web service calls will fail. You can set the proxy server in the constructor as follows:

namespace ZipCodeUdfSample
{
    [UdfClass]
    public class ZipCodeUdfs
    {
        DistanceService distanceService = null;
        public ZipCodeUdfs()
        {
            this.distanceService = new DistanceService();
            this.distanceService.Proxy = 
                new WebProxy("http://myproxy:80", true);
        }

For more information about how to test and call UDFs from cells, see Walkthrough: Developing a Managed-Code UDF.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
using System.Net;
using Microsoft.Office.Excel.Server.Udf;
using ZipCodes.com.imacination.webservices;

namespace ZipCodeUdfSample
{
    [UdfClass]
    public class ZipCodeUdfs
    {
        DistanceService distanceService = null;

        public ZipCodeUdfs()
        {
            this.distanceService = new DistanceService();
            //this.distanceService.Proxy = new WebProxy("http://myproxy:80", true);
        }

        [UdfMethod]
        public double GetDistanceBetweenTwoZipCodes(int zip1, int zip2)
        {
            string zip1String = Convert.ToString(zip1);
            string zip2String = Convert.ToString(zip2);

            return (distanceService.getDistance(zip1String, zip2String));
        }

        [UdfMethod]
        public string GetCityFromZip(int zip)
        {
            string zipString = Convert.ToString(zip);

            return (distanceService.getCity(zipString));
        }

        [UdfMethod]
        public string GetStateFromZip(int zip)
        {
            string zipString = Convert.ToString(zip);

            return (distanceService.getState(zipString));
        }

        [UdfMethod]
        public string GetLocationFromZip(int zip)
        {
            string zipString = Convert.ToString(zip);

            return (distanceService.getLocation(zipString));
        }

        [UdfMethod]
        public double GetLatitudeFromZip(int zip)
        {
            string zipString = Convert.ToString(zip);

            return (distanceService.getLatitude(zipString));
        }

        [UdfMethod]
        public double GetLongitudeFromZip(int zip)
        {
            string zipString = Convert.ToString(zip);

            return (distanceService.getLongitude(zipString));
        }

        [UdfMethod]
        public string ToDegreeNotation(double angle)
        {
            int deg = (int)angle;
            double minutesAndSeconds = Math.Abs(angle - deg) * 60;
            int minutes = (int)minutesAndSeconds;
            int seconds = (int)(Math.Abs(minutesAndSeconds - minutes) * 60);

            return deg.ToString() + "°" + minutes.ToString() + "\'" + seconds.ToString() + "\"";
        }
    }
}
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