glLightModelf, glLightModeli, glLightModelfv, glLightModeliv

These functions set the lighting model parameters.

void glLightModelf(
  GLenum pname,
  GLfloat param
);

void glLightModeli(
  GLenum pname,
  GLint param
);

Parameters

pname
A single-valued lighting model parameter. The following values are accepted:
Value Meaning
GL_LIGHT_MODEL_LOCAL_VIEWER The params parameter is a single integer or floating-point value that specifies how specular reflection angles are computed. If params is 0 (or 0.0), specular reflection angles take the view direction to be parallel to and in the direction of the z axis, regardless of the location of the vertex in eye coordinates. Otherwise specular reflections are computed from the origin of the eye coordinate system. The default is 0.
GL_LIGHT_MODEL_TWO_SIDE The params parameter is a single integer or floating-point value that specifies whether one- or two-sided lighting calculations are done for polygons. It has no effect on the lighting calculations for points, lines, or bitmaps. If params is 0 (or 0.0), one-sided lighting is specified, and only the front material parameters are used in the lighting equation. Otherwise, two-sided lighting is specified. In this case, vertices of back-facing polygons are lighted using the back material parameters, and have their normals reversed before the lighting equation is evaluated. Vertices of front-facing polygons are always lighted using the front material parameters, with no change to their normals. The default is 0.

param
The value to which param will be set.
void glLightModelfv(
  GLenum pname,
  const GLfloat *params
);

void glLightModeliv(
  GLenum pname,
  const GLint *params
);

Parameters

pname
A lighting model parameter. The following values are accepted:
Value Meaning
GL_LIGHT_MODEL_AMBIENT The params parameter contains four integer or floating-point values that specify the ambient RGBA intensity of the entire scene. Integer values are mapped linearly such that the most positive representable value maps to 1.0, and the most negative representable value maps to 1.0. Floating-point values are mapped directly. Neither integer nor floating-point values are clamped. The default ambient scene intensity is (0.2, 0.2, 0.2, 1.0).
GL_LIGHT_MODEL_LOCAL_VIEWER The params parameter is a single integer or floating-point value that specifies how specular reflection angles are computed. If params is 0 (or 0.0), specular reflection angles take the view direction to be parallel to and in the direction of the z axis, regardless of the location of the vertex in eye coordinates. Otherwise specular reflections are computed from the origin of the eye coordinate system. The default is 0.
GL_LIGHT_MODEL_TWO_SIDE The params parameter is a single integer or floating-point value that specifies whether one- or two-sided lighting calculations are done for polygons. It has no effect on the lighting calculations for points, lines, or bitmaps. If params is 0 (or 0.0), one-sided lighting is specified, and only the front material parameters are used in the lighting equation. Otherwise, two-sided lighting is specified. In this case, vertices of back-facing polygons are lighted using the back material parameters, and have their normals reversed before the lighting equation is evaluated. Vertices of front-facing polygons are always lighted using the front material parameters, with no change to their normals. The default is 0.

params
A pointer to the value or values to which params will be set.

Remarks

The glLightModel function sets the lighting model parameter. The pname parameter names a parameter and params gives the new value.

In RGBA mode, the lighted color of a vertex is the sum of the material emission intensity, the product of the material ambient reflectance and the lighting model full-scene ambient intensity, and the contribution of each enabled light source. Each light source contributes the sum of three terms: ambient, diffuse, and specular. The ambient light source contribution is the product of the material ambient reflectance and the light's ambient intensity. The diffuse light source contribution is the product of the material diffuse reflectance, the light's diffuse intensity, and the dot product of the vertex's normal with the normalized vector from the vertex to the light source. The specular light source contribution is the product of the material specular reflectance, the light's specular intensity, and the dot product of the normalized vertex-to-eye and vertex-to-light vectors, raised to the power of the shininess of the material. All three light source contributions are attenuated equally based on the distance from the vertex to the light source and on light source direction, spread exponent, and spread cutoff angle. All dot products are replaced with zero if they evaluate to a negative value.

The alpha component of the resulting lighted color is set to the alpha value of the material diffuse reflectance.

In color-index mode, the value of the lighted index of a vertex ranges from the ambient to the specular values passed to glMaterial using GL_COLOR_INDEXES. Diffuse and specular coefficients, computed with a (.30, .59, .11) weighting of the light's colors, the shininess of the material, and the same reflection and attenuation equations as in the RGBA case, determine how much above ambient the resulting index is.

The following functions retrieve information related to glLightModel:

glGet with argument GL_LIGHT_MODEL_AMBIENT

glGet with argument GL_LIGHT_MODEL_LOCAL_VIEWER

glGet with argument GL_LIGHT_MODEL_TWO_SIDE

glIsEnabled with argument GL_LIGHTING

Error Codes

The following are the error codes generated and their conditions.

Error code Condition
GL_INVALID_ENUM pname was not an accepted value.
GL_INVALID_OPERATION glLightModel was called between a call to glBegin and the corresponding call to glEnd.

Requirements

  Windows NT/2000: Requires Windows NT 3.5 or later.
  Windows 95/98: Requires Windows 95 or later. Available as a redistributable for Windows 95.
  Header: Declared in Gl.h.
  Library: Use Opengl32.lib.

See Also

glBegin, glEnd, glLight, glMaterial


  

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