Was this page helpful?
Your feedback about this content is important. Let us know what you think.
Additional feedback?
1500 characters remaining
Export (0) Print
Expand All

Move Team Foundation Server from one hardware configuration to another

You can move TFS from one server to another by restoring it to the new hardware (also known as a restoration-based move). For example, you might want to move TFS to a server with greater capacity or improved processing speed, or you have concerns about the reliability of the hardware on which TFS is currently running. Moving TFS to a new server allows you to change the hardware that runs TFS without losing any of your project history.

Important note Important

In some situations you might want to change the domain of a TFS deployment as well as its hardware. Changing the domain is an environment-based move, and you should never combine the two move types. First complete the hardware move, and then change the environment.

These steps are designed to support customers who intend to move their deployments to new hardware and discontinue use of the original hardware and TFS deployment. If you intend to continue use of the original TFS deployment after moving it (a process known as cloning), there are additional steps you'll need to take while performing the hardware move, or you run the risk of corrupting the original deployment, the moved deployment, or both. Those additional steps are briefly noted in this document.

Moving TFS requires several steps. We'll walk through them in the following sections:

In order to successfully move TFS, you'll need to be an administrator on both sets of hardware (the old and the new). In addition, you'll need to be an administrator (or have the equivalent permissions) for TFS and all of the software on which your deployment depends: SQL Server, reporting, SharePoint Products (if your deployment uses reporting or SharePoint), and any other software with which your deployment interoperates, such as Project Server.

To verify administrator-level permissions

  • Make sure you are a member of the following groups:

    • Servers: Administrators (local Administrators group or equivalent)

    • TFS: Team Foundation Administrators and Admin Console Users

    • SQL Server: sysadmin

    • SharePoint Products: Farm Administrators (if your TFS deployment integrates with SharePoint Products)

If you aren't a member of one or more of these groups, get permissions now.

  1. Open the administration console for TFS and on the Scheduled Backups page, take a full backup. The backup will back up everything you configured for backup in your backup plan, but it will do so immediately, not according to the time scheduled in the plan. If your deployment uses reporting, you can back up the encryption key as part of this backup set.

    You can close the window while the job completes

    (If you don't have backups configured, you'll have to create a plan before you can take a full backup.)

  2. Once the backup completes, verify that the backup is available on the storage device or network share, and that you can access this backup from the new hardware.

  • Install SQL Server on the new server and make sure that it is operational. If your previous deployment used reporting, make sure that you include the reporting and analysis services components. You must install the same version and edition that you used previously, including service pack and cumulative update levels.

    Install SQL Server 2008 R2 - Features

    As an alternative, you can create an instance of SQL Server on a server that already has a matching version installed and restore the TFS databases to that instance, but that will require more post-restoration configuration.

    For more information about options for installing and configuring SQL Server, go here.

    After installing SQL Server, if your deployment includes reporting, open SQL Server Management Studio and detach the ReportServer and ReportServerTempDB databases. Otherwise you might not be able to restore these databases with the backup you created for the TFS databases.

    Existing databases must be detached before restore

To configure a new server or servers for TFS, you must first install and configure the software that is required to support it. This software includes the following components:

  • a supported operating system for your deployment configuration

  • a supported version of SharePoint Products (if your deployment is integrated with SharePoint Products and you want to move it to the same server as TFS)

Note Note

Unlike installing a new deployment of TFS, you will not be able to install SharePoint Products as part of the Standard Single-Server or Advanced options when moving to a new server. You must manually install the same version and edition of SharePoint Products that you used in your previous deployment, or follow the guidance for your version and edition of SharePoint Products to move its deployment to the new hardware separately.

In order to restore the TFS databases using the restore tool, you must install but not configure TFS on the new data-tier server, and then use the restore function in the Scheduled Backups node.

If you want to restore TFS databases manually using SQL Server restoration tools, you can, but that is a more difficult procedure. In addition, you will have to manually unquiesce the databases in the new deployment. The restore wizard in TFS automatically does this for you as part of its restoration process, but that functionality is not part of SQL Server's restoration tools.

If you installed SharePoint Foundation 2013 using the steps in Move SharePoint to new hardware for TFS, and you plan on using that server as the server for TFS, the installation bits and administration console will already be present on the server and you can skip the first two steps in this next procedure.

  1. Launch the TFS installation media. On the Team Foundation Server Setup page, choose Install.

  2. When the installation completes, the Team Foundation Server Configuration Center opens. Close it.

    The administration console opens automatically in an unconfigured state. This is expected.

  3. To start the Restore wizard, open the administration console for TFS and open Scheduled Backups.

    Start the Restore wizard
  4. Specify the path to the backup set and choose the set you created after quiescing the old deployment.

    Choose the network path, then the restore set
  5. Complete the wizard and restore the databases to the new instance of SQL Server.

    The databases are restored to the new server
    Important note Important

    If you intend to keep using the original deployment of TFS as well as the moved deployment, you must run the TFSConfig PrepareClone command on the new hardware after you restore the databases to it with the following parameters:

    TFSConfig PrepareClone /SQLInstance:ServerName /DatabaseName:DatabaseName /notificationURL: ApplicationTierURL

    TFSConfig PrepareClone removes information about Scheduled Backups, SharePoint, and reporting resources, so that the original resources are not being used by both the new and old deployments, which would cause corruption. If you do not run this command, you risk corruption of both the original and the moved TFS. For more information, see TFSConfig PrepareClone.

    After running TFSConfig PrepareClone, if you have users who will connect to both the original and new deployments, run the TFSConfig ChangeServerID command on the new hardware. For more information, see TFSConfig ChangeServerID Command.

    After running TFSConfig PrepareClone, run the TFSConfig RemapDBs command on the new hardware. For more information, see TFSConfig RemapDBs Command.

If your deployment uses SharePoint Products, you've already installed the same version and edition of SharePoint Products that you used in your previous deployment by following the steps in Move SharePoint to new hardware for TFS, as mentioned above. Now, after you have restored the old deployment's content database (WSS_Content) to the new server as part of the restoration set, you must redirect the server that is running SharePoint Products to the new location of that database. This database must be operational before you can reconfigure Team Foundation Server with the new locations of its databases.

  1. Open a Command Prompt as an administrator on the new hardware that is running SharePoint Foundation.

  2. Change directories to Drive:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\15\bin and run stsadm.exe with the following parameters, where SharePointFoundationServerName is the name of the server where you installed SharePoint Foundation 2013, and SQLServerName is the name of the server where you restored the WSS_Content database as part of restoring TFS databases:

    stsadm.exe –o addcontentdb –url http://SharePointFoundationServerName/sites -databasename WSS_Content -databaseserver SQLServerName
  3. After that command completes successfully, type the following command, where Domain\UserName is the account you used to install and configure SharePoint Foundation 2013 for use with TFS:

    stsadm.exe -o addpermissionpolicy -url http://SharePointFoundationServerName -userlogin Domain\UserName -permissionlevel "full control"

  1. From the administration console for TFS, choose Configure Installed Features to launch the configuration center.

  2. Launch the Application-Tier Only wizard, and in Databases, specify the new SQL Server instance where you restored the TFS databases. Choose the Tfs_Configuration database from the list.

    Select the SQL Server and database backup set
  3. Before you close the final page of the wizard, look for the “i” symbol. It signifies information that you might want for future reference. The final page also includes the location of the configuration log.

    Note any issues and the log file location

  1. Go to the application-tier node and look at the notification and Team Web Access URLs. Note that they still point to the location of the old deployment. Update them.

    The notification and Web URLs are out of date
  2. After updating the URLs with the name of the new server, review the information to make sure that it is correct.

    Server URL still uses localhost

You must update the service account for Team Foundation Server (TFSService) and the data sources account (TFSReports). Even if these accounts have not changed, you must update the information to help ensure that the identity and the format of the accounts are appropriate for the new server.

  1. Open a Command Prompt window as an administrator and change directories to Drive:\%programfiles%\Microsoft Team Foundation Server 12.0\Tools.

  2. At the command prompt, type the following command to add the service account for Team Foundation, where DatabaseName is the name of the configuration database (by default, TFS_Configuration):

    TfsConfig Accounts /add /AccountType:ApplicationTier /account: AccountName /SQLInstance: ServerName /DatabaseName: DatabaseName

  3. At the command prompt, type the following command to add the data sources account:

    TfsConfig Accounts /add /AccountType:ReportingDataSource /account: AccountName /SQLInstance:ServerName /DatabaseName:DatabaseName

    For more information, see Accounts Command.

Now you'll need to redirect your build servers to point to the moved TFS deployment.

  1. On each build server, open the administration console and stop the build service.

  2. In the properties for the build service, update the communications properties.

    Stop the service, then make changes

If your deployment uses SharePoint Products and you moved SharePoint Foundation 2013 as part of the TFS move, you might need to redirect TFS to the new web application. Even if you don't, you should still repair the connection to help ensure proper performance.

If you're not using SharePoint Products as part of your deployment, or if your deployment will continue to use the old SharePoint server, you can skip this procedure.

  • Open the administration console and navigate to SharePoint Web Applications. If the web application still refers to the old site, or if your new deployment uses a different web application than the one listed, choose Change and update the settings.

    TFS still redirects to the old application

    If the information is correct, or after you have corrected it, choose Repair Connection. This helps ensure that everything is working properly.

If your deployment uses a report server, you must redirect Team Foundation Server to its location, restart the warehouse, and manually rebuild the database for Analysis Services. If you don't use reporting, skip this procedure.

  1. Go to the Reporting node. The listed report server values are the old ones, not the new, so edit them.

    Reports still point to the old server
  2. Change the values on all three tabs to point to the new server. Make sure that you provide the correct information for the data sources account in the new deployment.

    Make sure the information is correct on all 3 tabs
  3. Choose Start Jobs to restart reporting.

  4. Choose Start Rebuild to rebuild the warehouse.

Although you had backups scheduled for your old deployment, those scheduled backups weren't changed to back up your moved deployment. You'll need to configure them.

  • In the administration console, go to the Scheduled Backups node and reconfigure the scheduled backups to back up the TFS databases on the new server. For more information, see Create a backup schedule and plan.

After you move to new hardware, make sure that all users, groups, and service accounts for your deployment are configured with the permissions that they require to function correctly on each server. Some permissions, such as additional permissions in SQL Server or on the local computer, cannot be automatically migrated. For example, Team Foundation administrators must be members of the local Administrators group on the application-tier server to open the administration console, so you must add manually them to that group.

  • Log on to the server and make sure that users, groups, and service accounts are configured with the permissions required for operation. Manually spot-check membership in project groups and teams, and verify that those groups and teams have the permissions you expect.

  • Browse to a team project collection and make sure that all projects in that collection appear as expected, and that users in those projects can appropriately access their work items.

  • Open Team Web Access and verify that team sites and teams appear as expected.

Not sure what groups and permissions to expect? For more information, see Add users to team projects, Set administrator permissions for team project collections, Set administrator permissions for Team Foundation Server, and Service accounts and dependencies in Team Foundation Server.

  • Log on to the server and use the ClientService Web service to force clients to update the cache for tracking work items and for Team Foundation version control.


    For more information, see Refresh the data caches on client computers.

    If you want to refresh the entire cache for all users the next time they log on, use the witadmin rebuildcache command.


    If you restored your databases to a different point in time, you will also need to refresh the version control cache as documented in Refresh the data caches on client computers.

Now that you've moved TFS, you'll need to tell your users how to connect to the moved deployment. Specifically, you'll need to give them the following information:

  • The name of the new server and the URL for Team Web Access, so that they can reconnect to their projects

  • The new database names for reporting, if reporting is part of your deployment

  • The new URL for SharePoint, if SharePoint is part of your deployment

  • If they are members of a team project that uses Git, instructions for how to update every clone they have locally for every repository for that project. Specifically, they will have to run the following command for every clone:

    git remote set-url <remote name> <new URL>

    Users can see what the URL is for each clone by browsing the team project from the Explorer tab.

    Copying the URL to manually clone a repository in

    Learn more about Git here.

A: Yes. That's called an environment-based move, and the steps can be found here. You should not try to combine an environment-based move with a hardware-based move. First complete the hardware move, and then change the environment.

A: Yes, but it's very important that you perform additional steps right away. Ideally, you should have performed these steps as part of the move or the cloning steps. That is the best way to avoid the risk of corruption of one or both deployments. If both servers are live, you could end up with corruption, particularly if they are pointing to the same SharePoint or reporting resources.

To fix this problem:

  1. Run the TFSConfig PrepareClone command on the new server

  2. Run the TFSConfig ChangeServerID Command on the new server

  3. Run the TFSConfig RemapDBs Command on the new server

A: Yes, after you complete the hardware move you'll need to use the TFSAdmin ProjectServer /RegisterPWA command with the /tfs, /force, and /pwa options to re-register TFS with Project Server. You can read more about TFS integration with Project Server here.

© 2015 Microsoft