SAL Annotations


If you examine the library header files, you may notice some unusual annotations, for example, _In_z and _Out_z_cap_(_Size). These are examples of the Microsoft source-code annotation language (SAL), which provides a set of annotations to describe how a function uses its parameters, for example, the assumptions it makes about them and the guarantees it makes on finishing. The header file <sal.h> defines the annotations.

For more information about using SAL annotations in Visual Studio, see Using SAL Annotations to Reduce C-C++ Code Defects.