^ (Bitwise Exclusive OR) (Transact-SQL)
Performs a bitwise exclusive OR operation between two integer values.
Is any valid expression of any one of the data types of the integer data type category, or the bit, or the binary or varbinary data types. expression is treated as a binary number for the bitwise operation.
Note: Only one expression can be of either binary or varbinary data type in a bitwise operation.
The ^ bitwise operator performs a bitwise logical exclusive OR between the two expressions, taking each corresponding bit for both expressions. The bits in the result are set to 1 if either (but not both) bits (for the current bit being resolved) in the input expressions have a value of 1. If both bits are 0 or both bits are 1, the bit in the result is cleared to a value of 0.
If the left and right expressions have different integer data types (for example, the left expression is smallint and the right expression is int), the argument of the smaller data type is converted to the larger data type. In this case, the smallint expression is converted to an int.
The following example creates a table using the int data type to store the original values and inserts two values into one row.
USE tempdb; GO IF EXISTS (SELECT * FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLES WHERE TABLE_NAME = 'bitwise') DROP TABLE bitwise; GO CREATE TABLE bitwise ( a_int_value int NOT NULL, b_int_value int NOT NULL ); GO INSERT bitwise VALUES (170, 75); GO
The following query performs the bitwise exclusive OR on the
USE tempdb; GO SELECT a_int_value ^ b_int_value FROM bitwise; GO
Here is the result set:
----------- 225 (1 row(s) affected)
The binary representation of 170 (
0000 0000 1010 1010. The binary representation of 75 (
0000 0000 0100 1011. Performing the bitwise exclusive OR operation on these two values produces the binary result
0000 0000 1110 0001, which is decimal 225.
(A ^ B) 0000 0000 1010 1010 0000 0000 0100 1011 ------------------- 0000 0000 1110 0001