Implementing XML in SQL Server
The xml data type lets you store XML documents and fragments in a SQL Server database. An XML fragment is an XML instance that is missing a single top-level element. You can create columns and variables of the xml type and store XML instances in them.
You can optionally associate an XML schema collection with a column, a parameter, or a variable of the xml data type. The schemas in the collection are used to validate and type the XML instances. In this case, the XML is said to be typed.
The xml data type and associated methods help integrate XML into the relational framework of SQL Server. For more information, see xml Data Type Methods.
Note the following general limitations that apply to the xml data type:
The stored representation of xml data type instances cannot exceed 2 GB.
It cannot be used as a subtype of a sql_variant instance.
It does not support casting or converting to either text or ntext. Use varchar(max) or nvarchar(max) instead.
It cannot be compared or sorted. This means an xml data type cannot be used in a GROUP BY statement.
It cannot be used as a parameter to any scalar, built-in functions other than ISNULL, COALESCE, and DATALENGTH.
It cannot be used as a key column in an index. However, it can be included as data in a clustered index or explicitly added to a nonclustered index by using the INCLUDE keyword when the nonclustered index is created.
See the topics in this section for more specific limitations of the xml data type.
Describes how to create, modify, and use xml data type variables and columns.
Defines typed and untyped XML. Describes XML schemas and explains how to register an XML schema collection.
Describes different methods for generating XML instances.
Describes the xml data type methods.
Describes the options that you must set when you query xml data type columns or variables.
Describes how to add namespaces by using a WITH XMLNAMESPACES clause.
Describes the XML Data Modification Language and its three keywords.
Describes how to create, modify, and use primary and secondary XML indexes.
Explains how XML data is serialized and describes entitization of XML characters.
Describes the options that are available to you for working with the xml data type in applications.
Describes the xml type columns in the AdventureWorks database.