DROP DEFAULT (Transact-SQL)

 

Updated: October 28, 2015

THIS TOPIC APPLIES TO:yesSQL Server (starting with 2008)noAzure SQL DatabasenoAzure SQL Data Warehouse noParallel Data Warehouse

Removes one or more user-defined defaults from the current database.

System_CAPS_ICON_important.jpg Important


DROP DEFAULT will be removed in the next version of MicrosoftSQL Server. Do not use DROP DEFAULT in new development work, and plan to modify applications that currently use them. Instead, use default definitions that you can create by using the DEFAULT keyword of ALTER TABLE or CREATE TABLE.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

  
DROP DEFAULT [ IF EXISTS ] { [ schema_name . ] default_name } [ ,...n ] [ ; ]  

IF EXISTS

Applies to: SQL Server (SQL Server 2016 through current version).

Conditionally drops the default only if it already exists.

schema_name
Is the name of the schema to which the default belongs.

default_name
Is the name of an existing default. To see a list of defaults that exist, execute sp_help. Defaults must comply with the rules for identifiers. Specifying the default schema name is optional.

Before dropping a default, unbind the default by executing sp_unbindefault if the default is currently bound to a column or an alias data type.

After a default is dropped from a column that allows for null values, NULL is inserted in that position when rows are added and no value is explicitly supplied. After a default is dropped from a NOT NULL column, an error message is returned when rows are added and no value is explicitly supplied. These rows are added later as part of the typical INSERT statement behavior.

To execute DROP DEFAULT, at a minimum, a user must have ALTER permission on the schema to which the default belongs.

A. Dropping a default

If a default has not been bound to a column or to an alias data type, it can just be dropped using DROP DEFAULT. The following example removes the user-created default named datedflt.

USE AdventureWorks2012;  
GO  
IF EXISTS (SELECT name FROM sys.objects  
         WHERE name = 'datedflt'   
            AND type = 'D')  
   DROP DEFAULT datedflt;  
GO  

Beginning with SQL Server 2016 you can use the following syntax.

DROP DEFAULT IF EXISTS datedflt;  
GO  

B. Dropping a default that has been bound to a column

The following example unbinds the default associated with the EmergencyContactPhone column of the Contact table and then drops the default named phonedflt.

USE AdventureWorks2012;  
GO  
   BEGIN   
      EXEC sp_unbindefault 'Person.Contact.Phone'  
      DROP DEFAULT phonedflt  
   END;  
GO  

CREATE DEFAULT (Transact-SQL)
sp_helptext (Transact-SQL)
sp_help (Transact-SQL)
sp_unbindefault (Transact-SQL)

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