_dupenv_s_dbg, _wdupenv_s_dbg

 

Get a value from the current environment. Versions of _dupenv_s, _wdupenv_s that allocate memory with _malloc_dbg to provide additional debugging information.

errno_t _dupenv_s_dbg(  
   char **buffer,  
   size_t *numberOfElements,  
   const char *varname,  
   int blockType,  
   const char *filename,  
   int linenumber  
);  
errno_t _wdupenv_s_dbg(  
   wchar_t **buffer,  
   size_t * numberOfElements,  
   const wchar_t *varname,  
   int blockType,  
   const char *filename,  
   int linenumber  
);  

Parameters

buffer
Buffer to store the variable's value.

numberOfElements
Size of buffer.

varname
Environment variable name.

blockType
Requested type of the memory block: _CLIENT_BLOCK or _NORMAL_BLOCK.

filename
Pointer to the name of the source file or NULL.

linenumber
Line number in source file or NULL.

Zero on success, an error code on failure.

These functions validate their parameters; if buffer or varname is NULL, the invalid parameter handler is invoked as described in Parameter Validation. If execution is allowed to continue, the functions set errno to EINVAL and return EINVAL.

If these functions cannot allocate enough memory, they set buffer to NULL and numberOfElements to 0, and return ENOMEM.

The _dupenv_s_dbg and _wdupenv_s_dbg functions are identical to _dupenv_s and _wdupenv_s except that, when _DEBUG is defined, these functions use the debug version of malloc, _malloc_dbg, to allocate memory for the value of the environment variable. For information on the debugging features of _malloc_dbg, see _malloc_dbg.

You do not need to call these functions explicitly in most cases. Instead, you can define the flag _CRTDBG_MAP_ALLOC. When _CRTDBG_MAP_ALLOC is defined, calls to _dupenv_s and _wdupenv_s are remapped to _dupenv_s_dbg and _wdupenv_s_dbg, respectively, with the blockType set to _NORMAL_BLOCK. Thus, you do not need to call these functions explicitly unless you want to mark the heap blocks as _CLIENT_BLOCK. For more information on block types, see Types of blocks on the debug heap.

Generic-Text Routine Mappings

TCHAR.H routine_UNICODE & _MBCS not defined_MBCS defined_UNICODE defined
_tdupenv_s_dbg_dupenv_s_dbg_dupenv_s_dbg_wdupenv_s_dbg
RoutineRequired header
_dupenv_s_dbg<crtdbg.h>
_wdupenv_s_dbg<crtdbg.h>

For additional compatibility information, see Compatibility in the Introduction.

// crt_dupenv_s_dbg.c  
#include  <stdlib.h>  
#include <crtdbg.h>  
  
int main( void )  
{  
   char *pValue;  
   size_t len;  
   errno_t err = _dupenv_s_dbg( &pValue, &len, "pathext",  
      _NORMAL_BLOCK, __FILE__, __LINE__ );  
   if ( err ) return -1;  
   printf( "pathext = %s\n", pValue );  
   free( pValue );  
   err = _dupenv_s_dbg( &pValue, &len, "nonexistentvariable",  
      _NORMAL_BLOCK, __FILE__, __LINE__ );  
   if ( err ) return -1;  
   printf( "nonexistentvariable = %s\n", pValue );  
   free( pValue ); // It's OK to call free with NULL  
}  

pathext = .COM;.EXE;.BAT;.CMD;.VBS;.VBE;.JS;.JSE;.WSF;.WSH;.pl  
nonexistentvariable = (null)  

System::Environment::GetEnvironmentVariable

Process and Environment Control
Environmental Constants
getenv_s, _wgetenv_s
_putenv_s, _wputenv_s

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