Specifying the Location of the Temporary Database Using OLE DB
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Specifying the Location of the Temporary Database Using OLE DB

Microsoft SQL Server Compact 4.0 supports the ability to specify an alternate location for the temporary database. This location can be set programmatically by specifying the DBPROP_SSCE_TEMPFILE_DIRECTORY property when a data source is initialized or when the ISSCECompact::Compact method is run.

The following example shows how to specify the temporary database directory by specifying the DBPROP_SSCE_TEMPFILE_DIRECTORY property when calling IDBProperties::SetProperties.

// Object declarations
HRESULT          hr              = NOERROR; 
DBPROPSET        dbpropset[2]; 
DBPROP           dbprop[1]; 
DBPROP           sscedbprop[1]; 

// Declare the provider interfaces.
IDBInitialize *  pIDBInitialize  = NULL;
IDBProperties *  pIDBProperties  = NULL;

// Initialize the data source.
hr = CoCreateInstance(CLSID_SQLSERVERCE, 0, CLSCTX_INPROC_SERVER,
    IID_IDBInitialize, (void**) &pIDBInitialize);
if (FAILED(hr))
{
    //Send an error-specific message and do error handling.
    goto Exit;
}

// Initialize property structures
VariantInit(&dbprop[0].vValue);
VariantInit(&sscedbprop[0].vValue);

// Initialize Property with name of database.
dbprop[0].dwPropertyID = DBPROP_INIT_DATASOURCE;
dbprop[0].dwOptions = DBPROPOPTIONS_REQUIRED;
dbprop[0].vValue.vt = VT_BSTR;
dbprop[0].vValue.bstrVal = SysAllocString(L"MyDB.sdf");
if(NULL == dbprop[0].vValue.bstrVal)
{
    hr = E_OUTOFMEMORY;
    goto Exit;
}

// Second property set has one property containing the provider-specific
// property to specify an alternate temp file directory.
sscedbprop[0].dwPropertyID = DBPROP_SSCE_TEMPFILE_DIRECTORY;
sscedbprop[0].vValue.vt = VT_BSTR;
sscedbprop[0].vValue.bstrVal = SysAllocString(L"\\NewTempDir");
if(NULL == dbprop[0].vValue.bstrVal)
{
    hr = E_OUTOFMEMORY;
    goto Exit;
}

// Initialize property set.
dbpropset[0].guidPropertySet = DBPROPSET_DBINIT;
dbpropset[0].rgProperties = dbprop;
dbpropset[0].cProperties = sizeof(dbprop)/sizeof(dbprop[0]);

// Initialize the provider-specific property set.
dbpropset[1].guidPropertySet = DBPROPSET_SSCE_DBINIT;
dbpropset[1].rgProperties = sscedbprop;
dbpropset[1].cProperties = sizeof(sscedbprop)/sizeof(sscedbprop[0]);

// Set the properties into the provider's data source object.
pIDBInitialize->QueryInterface(IID_IDBProperties,(void**)&pIDBProperties);

hr = pIDBProperties->SetProperties(sizeof(dbpropset)/sizeof(dbpropset[0]), 
    dbpropset);
if(FAILED(hr))
{
    goto Exit;
}

// Initialize the data source.
hr = pIDBInitialize->Initialize();
if(FAILED(hr))
{
   goto Exit;
}

Exit:
//Clean up resources here

return;
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