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DATALENGTH (Transact-SQL)

Topic Status: Some information in this topic is preview and subject to change in future releases. Preview information describes new features or changes to existing features in Microsoft SQL Server 2016 Community Technology Preview 2 (CTP2).

Returns the number of bytes used to represent any expression.

Applies to: SQL Server (SQL Server 2008 through current version), Azure SQL Database, Azure SQL Data Warehouse Public Preview.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

DATALENGTH ( expression ) 

expression

Is an expression of any data type.

bigint if expression is of the varchar(max), nvarchar(max) or varbinary(max) data types; otherwise int.

DATALENGTH is especially useful with varchar, varbinary, text, image, nvarchar, and ntext data types because these data types can store variable-length data.

The DATALENGTH of NULL is NULL.

Note Note

Compatibility levels can affect return values. For more information about compatibility levels, see ALTER DATABASE Compatibility Level (Transact-SQL).

The following example finds the length of the Name column in the Product table.

USE AdventureWorks2012;
GO
SELECT length = DATALENGTH(Name), Name
FROM Production.Product
ORDER BY Name;
GO

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