Working with Data in the Results Pane
After you run a query or view, the results are shown in the Results pane. You can then work with those results. For example, you can add and delete rows, input or change data, and easily navigate through large results sets.
The following information can help you avoid problems and work effectively with your results sets.
You can return results from either a query or a view and can choose whether to open just the results pane or all panes. In either case the query or view will open in Query and View Designer. The difference is that one opens with only the Results pane showing and the other opens with all windows that have been selected in the Options dialog box. The default is all four panes (Results, SQL, Diagram, and Criteria).
To change the design of the query or view so it returns a different set of results or returns records in a different order see the topics listed in Designing Queries and Views.
You can also determine whether to return all or part of the results set in two ways--stop the query as it runs or choose how much of results to return before the query is run.
You can quickly navigate through the records using the navigation bar at the bottom of the Results pane.
There are buttons for going to the first and last records, the next and previous records, and for going to a particular record.
To go to a particular record, type the number of the row in the text box in the navigation bar and then press ENTER.
For information about using keyboard shortcuts in the Query and View Designer see Navigating in the Query and View Designer.
The Results pane uses optimistic concurrency control so the grid shows a copy of the data in the database rather than an entirely live view. This way changes are only committed to the database after you move off of a row. This allows more than one user to work with the database at the same time. If there are conflicts (for example if another user changed the same row you changed and committed it to the database before you did) you will receive a message telling you of the conflict and offering resolutions.
You can only undo a change if it hasn't yet been committed to the database. The data is not committed if you haven't moved off of the record or if once you do move off the record you get an error message indicating the change won't be committed. If it hasn't been committed you can undo the change by using the ESC key.
To undo all changes in a row, move to a cell in that row that you have not edited and press the ESC key.
To undo changes to a particular cell that you have edited, move to that cell press the ESC key.
To see how your database design is working you may need to add sample data to the database. You can enter it into the results pane directly or you can copy it from another program, such as notepad or Excel, and paste it into the results pane.
In addition to copying rows into the Results pane you can add new records or modify or delete existing ones. For more information see How to: Add New Rows in the Results Pane, How to: Delete Rows in the Results Pane, and How to: Edit Rows in the Results Pane.
When you click on an empty row to add a new record, the initial value for all columns is NULL. If a column allows null values you can leave it as is.
If you want to replace a non-null value with null, type NULL in capital letters. The Results pane will give the word italic formatting to indicate that it is to be recognized as a null value rather than as a string.
To type in the string "null" type the letters without quotes. As long as at least one of the letters is in lower case, the value will be treated as a string rather than a null value.
Values for columns with a binary data type will have NULL values by default. These values can't be changed in the Results pane.
To input an empty space instead of using null, delete the existing text and move off of the cell.
The Query and View Designer can validate some kinds of data against the columns properties. For example, if you enter "abc" into a column with a float data type, you will receive an error and the change will not be committed to the database.
The quickest way to see the data type of a column when you're in the Results pane is to open the Diagram pane and hover over the name of the column in the table or table-valued object.
The maximum length the Results pane can show for a text data type is 2,147,483,647.
While you're working on the results of a query or view it is possible for the records in the results pane to get out of synchronization with the queries definition. For example, if you ran a query for four out of five columns in a table, then used the Diagram pane to add the fifth column to the definition of the query, that fifth column's data will not automatically be added to the results pane. To make the results pane reflect the new query definition, run the query again.
You can tell if this happens--an alert icon and the text "Query Changed" appears in the lower-right corner of the results pane and the icon is repeated in the upper-left corner of the pane.
While you're working on the results of a query or view it is possible fore the records to be changed by a different user who is also working with the database.
If this happens you will receive a notice as soon as you move off of the cell with the conflict. You will then be able to override the other user's change, update your results pane with the other user's change, or keep editing your results pane without reconciling the differences. If you choose not to reconcile the differences your changes will not be committed to the database.
What can not be updated
These tips may help you work successfully with data in the Results pane.
Queries that include columns from more than one table or view can't be updated.
Views can only be updated if the database constraints allow it.
Results returned by a stored procedure can't be updated.
Queries or views using the GROUP BY, DISTINCT, or TO XML clauses are not updatable.
Results returned by table-valued functions can only be updated in some cases.
Data in columns that result from an expression in the query.
Data that was not successfully translated by the provider.
What can not be represented fully
What is returned to the Results pane from the database is greatly controlled by the provider for the data source you are using. The Results pane can't always translate the data from all database management systems. Here are come cases where this is so.
Binary data types are often not useful for people working in the Results pane and they can take a very long time to download. So they are represented by <Binary data> or Null.
Precision and scale can not always be preserved. For example, the Results pane supports a precision of 27. If data is of a data type with a greater precision, the data may be truncated or may be represented by <Unable to read data>.
If you are not using a Microsoft SQL Server database, some data types may not be supported by your provider. If you run a query that contains unsupported data types the values for that column will be returned as <unsupported data type> and the results pane will be read-only. The results pane will also be read-only if you run a query on a table that has no primary key and does have a column with an unsupported data type (even if the query you write does not include the column with the unsupported data type in the SELECT statement).