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XPathNavigator.InsertBefore Method (XPathNavigator)

Creates a new sibling node before the currently selected node using the nodes in the XPathNavigator specified.

Namespace:  System.Xml.XPath
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public virtual void InsertBefore(
	XPathNavigator newSibling
)

Parameters

newSibling
Type: System.Xml.XPath.XPathNavigator

An XPathNavigator object positioned on the node to add as the new sibling node.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

The XPathNavigator object parameter is null.

InvalidOperationException

The position of the XPathNavigator does not allow a new sibling node to be inserted before the current node.

NotSupportedException

The XPathNavigator does not support editing.

The following are important notes to consider when using the InsertBefore method.

In the following example a new pages element is inserted before the price child element of the first book element in the contosoBooks.xml file using the node contained in the XPathNavigator object specified. The http://www.contoso.com/books namespace is specified so that the new sibling element is inserted using the same namespace as the XML document.

XmlDocument document = new XmlDocument();
document.Load("contosoBooks.xml");
XPathNavigator navigator = document.CreateNavigator();

navigator.MoveToChild("bookstore", "http://www.contoso.com/books");
navigator.MoveToChild("book", "http://www.contoso.com/books");
navigator.MoveToChild("price", "http://www.contoso.com/books");

XmlDocument childNodes = new XmlDocument();
childNodes.Load(new StringReader("<pages xmlns=\"http://www.contoso.com/books\">100</pages>"));
XPathNavigator childNodesNavigator = childNodes.CreateNavigator();

navigator.InsertBefore(childNodesNavigator);

navigator.MoveToParent();
Console.WriteLine(navigator.OuterXml);

The example takes the contosoBooks.xml file as an input.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<bookstore xmlns="http://www.contoso.com/books">
    <book genre="autobiography" publicationdate="1981-03-22" ISBN="1-861003-11-0">
        <title>The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin</title>
        <author>
            <first-name>Benjamin</first-name>
            <last-name>Franklin</last-name>
        </author>
        <price>8.99</price>
    </book>
    <book genre="novel" publicationdate="1967-11-17" ISBN="0-201-63361-2">
        <title>The Confidence Man</title>
        <author>
            <first-name>Herman</first-name>
            <last-name>Melville</last-name>
        </author>
        <price>11.99</price>
    </book>
    <book genre="philosophy" publicationdate="1991-02-15" ISBN="1-861001-57-6">
        <title>The Gorgias</title>
        <author>
            <name>Plato</name>
        </author>
        <price>9.99</price>
    </book>
</bookstore>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1
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