XmlTextReader Constructor (Stream, XmlNodeType, XmlParserContext)


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Initializes a new instance of the XmlTextReader class with the specified stream, XmlNodeType, and XmlParserContext.

Namespace:   System.Xml
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public XmlTextReader(
	Stream xmlFragment,
	XmlNodeType fragType,
	XmlParserContext context


Type: System.IO.Stream

The stream containing the XML fragment to parse.

Type: System.Xml.XmlNodeType

The XmlNodeType of the XML fragment. This also determines what the fragment can contain. (See table below.)

Type: System.Xml.XmlParserContext

The XmlParserContext in which the xmlFragment is to be parsed. This includes the XmlNameTable to use, encoding, namespace scope, the current xml:lang, and the xml:space scope.

Exception Condition

fragType is not an Element, Attribute, or Document XmlNodeType.


xmlFragment is null.


Starting with the .NET Framework 2.0, we recommend that you create XmlReader instances by using the XmlReader.Create method to take advantage of new functionality.

This constructor parses the given string as a fragment of XML. If the XML fragment is an element or attribute, you can bypass the root level rules for well-formed XML documents.

The following table lists valid values for fragType.


Fragment May Contain


Any valid element content (for example, any combination of elements, comments, processing instructions, CDATA sections, text, and entity references).

An XML declaration can also be supplied. This allows you to specify the encoding for the XML fragment, rather than having to set it on the XmlParserContext object.


The value of an attribute (the part inside the quotes).


The contents of an entire XML document. This enforces document level rules.

The reader uses the following to determine the encoding of the stream.

  1. Checks the XmlParserContext.Encoding property to determine the encoding.

  2. If the Encoding property is null, the reader checks for a byte-order mark at the beginning of the stream.

  3. If the Encoding property is null, and no byte-order mark is found, the reader assumes the stream is encoded in UTF-8.

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
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