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XmlDocument.Validate Method (ValidationEventHandler, XmlNode)

Validates the XmlNode object specified against the XML Schema Definition Language (XSD) schemas in the Schemas property.

Namespace: System.Xml
Assembly: System.Xml (in system.xml.dll)

public void Validate (
	ValidationEventHandler validationEventHandler,
	XmlNode nodeToValidate
public void Validate (
	ValidationEventHandler validationEventHandler, 
	XmlNode nodeToValidate
public function Validate (
	validationEventHandler : ValidationEventHandler, 
	nodeToValidate : XmlNode
Not applicable.



The ValidationEventHandler object that receives information about schema validation warnings and errors.


The XmlNode object created from an XmlDocument to validate.

Exception typeCondition


The XmlNode object parameter was not created from an XmlDocument.


The XmlNode object parameter is not an element, attribute, document fragment, or the root node.


A schema validation event occurred and no ValidationEventHandler object was specified.

The Validate method validates the XML data in the XmlNode object against the schemas contained in the Schemas property. The Validate method performs infoset augmentation. Specifically, after successful validation, schema defaults are applied, text values are converted to atomic values as necessary, and type information is associated with validated information items. The result is a previously un-typed XML sub-tree in the XmlDocument replaced with a typed sub-tree.

The following are important notes to consider when using the Validate method.

  • Schema location hints like xsi:schemaLocation or xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation are ignored.

  • Inline schemas are ignored.

  • If schema validation errors occur during validation the XmlDocument becomes partially validated with some nodes with correct type information and some without.

If the node to validate is the root node, the validation process includes checking for uniqueness and reference constraints (xs:ID, xs:IDREF, xs:key, xs:keyref, and xs:unique); otherwise, uniqueness and reference constraints are omitted.

For an example of the Validate method, see the Validate method.

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 1.0