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PasswordDeriveBytes Constructor (array<Byte>, array<Byte>)

Initializes a new instance of the PasswordDeriveBytes class specifying the password and key salt to use to derive the key.

Namespace:  System.Security.Cryptography
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public:
PasswordDeriveBytes(
	array<unsigned char>^ password, 
	array<unsigned char>^ salt
)

Parameters

password
Type: array<System::Byte>
The password to derive the key for.
salt
Type: array<System::Byte>
The key salt to use to derive the key.

Security noteSecurity Note

Never hard code a password within your source code. Hard-coded passwords can be retrieved from an assembly using the Ildasm.exe (MSIL Disassembler), a hex editor, or by simply opening up the assembly in a text editor such as Notepad.exe.

The following code example creates a key from a password using the PasswordDeriveBytes class.


using namespace System;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Text;

// Generates a random salt value of the specified length.
array<Byte>^ CreateRandomSalt(int length)
{
    // Create a buffer
    array<Byte>^ randomBytes;

    if (length >= 1)
    {
        randomBytes = gcnew array <Byte>(length);
    }
    else
    {
        randomBytes = gcnew array <Byte>(1);
    }

    // Create a new RNGCryptoServiceProvider.
    RNGCryptoServiceProvider^ cryptoRNGProvider =
        gcnew RNGCryptoServiceProvider();

    // Fill the buffer with random bytes.
    cryptoRNGProvider->GetBytes(randomBytes);

    // return the bytes.
    return randomBytes;
}

// Clears the bytes in a buffer so they can't later be read from memory.
void ClearBytes(array<Byte>^ buffer)
{
    // Check arguments.
    if (buffer == nullptr)
    {
        throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("buffer");
    }

    // Set each byte in the buffer to 0.
    for (int x = 0; x <= buffer->Length - 1; x++)
    {
        buffer[x] = 0;
    }
}

int main(array<String^>^ args)
{

    // Get a password from the user.
    Console::WriteLine("Enter a password to produce a key:");

    // Security Note: Never hard-code a password within your
    // source code.  Hard-coded passwords can be retrieved
    // from a compiled assembly.
    array<Byte>^ password = Encoding::Unicode->GetBytes(Console::ReadLine());

    array<Byte>^ randomSalt = CreateRandomSalt(7);

    // Create a TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider object.
    TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider^ cryptoDESProvider =
        gcnew TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();

    try
    {
        Console::WriteLine("Creating a key with PasswordDeriveBytes...");

        // Create a PasswordDeriveBytes object and then create
        // a TripleDES key from the password and salt.
        PasswordDeriveBytes^ passwordDeriveBytes = gcnew PasswordDeriveBytes
            (password->ToString(), randomSalt);

	   // Create the key and set it to the Key property
	   // of the TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider object.
        cryptoDESProvider->Key = passwordDeriveBytes->CryptDeriveKey
            ("TripleDES", "SHA1", 192, cryptoDESProvider->IV);
        Console::WriteLine("Operation complete.");
    }
    catch (Exception^ ex)
    {
        Console::WriteLine(ex->Message);
    }
    finally
    {
        // Clear the buffers
        ClearBytes(password);
        ClearBytes(randomSalt);

        // Clear the key.
        cryptoDESProvider->Clear();
    }

    Console::ReadLine();
}


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.
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