Socket.Receive Method (Byte, SocketFlags)
Assembly: System (in System.dll)
Return ValueType: System.Int32
The number of bytes received.
buffer is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).
An error occurred when attempting to access the socket. See the Remarks section for more information.
The Socket has been closed.
A caller in the call stack does not have the required permissions.
This overload only requires you to provide a receive buffer and the necessary SocketFlags. The buffer offset defaults to 0, and the size defaults to the length of the byte parameter.
If you are using a connection-oriented protocol, you must either call Connect to establish a remote host connection, or Accept to accept an incoming connection prior to calling Receive. The Receive method will only read data that arrives from the remote host established in the Connect or Accept method. If you are using a connectionless protocol, you can also use the ReceiveFrom method. ReceiveFrom will allow you to receive data arriving from any host.
If no data is available for reading, the Receive method will block until data is available. If you are in non-blocking mode, and there is no data available in the protocol stack buffer, the Receive method will complete immediately and throw a SocketException. You can use the Available property to determine if data is available for reading. When Available is non-zero, retry your receive operation.
If you are using a connection-oriented Socket, the Receive method will read as much data as is available up to the size of the buffer. If the remote host shuts down the Socket connection with the Shutdown method, and all available data has been received, the Receive method will complete immediately and return zero bytes.
If you are using a connectionless Socket, Receive will read the first enqueued datagram from the destination address you specify in the Connect method. If the datagram you receive is larger than the size of the buffer parameter, buffer gets filled with the first part of the message, the excess data is lost and a SocketException is thrown.
If you receive a SocketException, use the SocketException.ErrorCode property to obtain the specific error code. After you have obtained this code, refer to the Windows Sockets version 2 API error code documentation in the MSDN library for a detailed description of the error.
This member outputs trace information when you enable network tracing in your application. For more information, see Network Tracing in the .NET Framework.