KeyedCollection(TKey, TItem) Class

KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem> Class

 

Provides the abstract base class for a collection whose keys are embedded in the values.

Namespace:   System.Collections.ObjectModel
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)


[SerializableAttribute]
[ComVisibleAttribute(false)]
public abstract class KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem> : Collection<TItem>

Type Parameters

TKey

The type of keys in the collection.

TItem

The type of items in the collection.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_protmethodKeyedCollection<TKey, TItem>()

Initializes a new instance of the KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem> class that uses the default equality comparer.

System_CAPS_protmethodKeyedCollection<TKey, TItem>(IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Initializes a new instance of the KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem> class that uses the specified equality comparer.

System_CAPS_protmethodKeyedCollection<TKey, TItem>(IEqualityComparer<TKey>, Int32)

Initializes a new instance of the KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem> class that uses the specified equality comparer and creates a lookup dictionary when the specified threshold is exceeded.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubpropertyComparer

Gets the generic equality comparer that is used to determine equality of keys in the collection.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyCount

Gets the number of elements actually contained in the Collection<T>.(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

System_CAPS_protpropertyDictionary

Gets the lookup dictionary of the KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem>.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyItem[TKey]

Gets the element with the specified key.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyItem[Int32]

Gets or sets the element at the specified index.(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

System_CAPS_protpropertyItems

Gets a IList<T> wrapper around the Collection<T>.(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodAdd(T)

Adds an object to the end of the Collection<T>. (Inherited from Collection<T>.)

System_CAPS_protmethodChangeItemKey(TItem, TKey)

Changes the key associated with the specified element in the lookup dictionary.

System_CAPS_pubmethodClear()

Removes all elements from the Collection<T>.(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

System_CAPS_protmethodClearItems()

Removes all elements from the KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem>.(Overrides Collection<T>.ClearItems().)

System_CAPS_pubmethodContains(T)

Determines whether an element is in the Collection<T>.(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodContains(TKey)

Determines whether the collection contains an element with the specified key.

System_CAPS_pubmethodCopyTo(T[], Int32)

Copies the entire Collection<T> to a compatible one-dimensional Array, starting at the specified index of the target array.(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodEquals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_protmethodFinalize()

Allows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetEnumerator()

Returns an enumerator that iterates through the Collection<T>.(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_protmethodGetKeyForItem(TItem)

When implemented in a derived class, extracts the key from the specified element.

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodIndexOf(T)

Searches for the specified object and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire Collection<T>.(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodInsert(Int32, T)

Inserts an element into the Collection<T> at the specified index.(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

System_CAPS_protmethodInsertItem(Int32, TItem)

Inserts an element into the KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem> at the specified index.(Overrides Collection<T>.InsertItem(Int32, T).)

System_CAPS_protmethodMemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodRemove(T)

Removes the first occurrence of a specific object from the Collection<T>.(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodRemove(TKey)

Removes the element with the specified key from the KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem>.

System_CAPS_pubmethodRemoveAt(Int32)

Removes the element at the specified index of the Collection<T>.(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

System_CAPS_protmethodRemoveItem(Int32)

Removes the element at the specified index of the KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem>.(Overrides Collection<T>.RemoveItem(Int32).)

System_CAPS_protmethodSetItem(Int32, TItem)

Replaces the item at the specified index with the specified item.(Overrides Collection<T>.SetItem(Int32, T).)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodICollection.CopyTo(Array, Int32)

Copies the elements of the ICollection to an Array, starting at a particular Array index.(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIEnumerable.GetEnumerator()

Returns an enumerator that iterates through a collection.(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIList.Add(Object)

Adds an item to the IList.(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIList.Contains(Object)

Determines whether the IList contains a specific value.(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIList.IndexOf(Object)

Determines the index of a specific item in the IList.(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIList.Insert(Int32, Object)

Inserts an item into the IList at the specified index.(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIList.Remove(Object)

Removes the first occurrence of a specific object from the IList.(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyICollection<T>.IsReadOnly

Gets a value indicating whether the ICollection<T> is read-only.(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyICollection.IsSynchronized

Gets a value indicating whether access to the ICollection is synchronized (thread safe).(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyICollection.SyncRoot

Gets an object that can be used to synchronize access to the ICollection.(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIList.IsFixedSize

Gets a value indicating whether the IList has a fixed size.(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIList.IsReadOnly

Gets a value indicating whether the IList is read-only.(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIList.Item[Int32]

Gets or sets the element at the specified index.(Inherited from Collection<T>.)

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodAggregate<TItem>(Func<TItem, TItem, TItem>)

Overloaded. Applies an accumulator function over a sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAggregate<TItem, TAccumulate>(TAccumulate, Func<TAccumulate, TItem, TAccumulate>)

Overloaded. Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. The specified seed value is used as the initial accumulator value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAggregate<TItem, TAccumulate, TResult>(TAccumulate, Func<TAccumulate, TItem, TAccumulate>, Func<TAccumulate, TResult>)

Overloaded. Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. The specified seed value is used as the initial accumulator value, and the specified function is used to select the result value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAll<TItem>(Func<TItem, Boolean>)

Determines whether all elements of a sequence satisfy a condition.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAny<TItem>()

Overloaded. Determines whether a sequence contains any elements.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAny<TItem>(Func<TItem, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Determines whether any element of a sequence satisfies a condition.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAsEnumerable<TItem>()

Returns the input typed as IEnumerable<T>.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAsParallel()

Overloaded. Enables parallelization of a query.(Defined by ParallelEnumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAsParallel<TItem>()

Overloaded. Enables parallelization of a query.(Defined by ParallelEnumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAsQueryable()

Overloaded. Converts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.(Defined by Queryable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAsQueryable<TItem>()

Overloaded. Converts a generic IEnumerable<T> to a generic IQueryable<T>.(Defined by Queryable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAverage<TItem>(Func<TItem, Decimal>)

Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAverage<TItem>(Func<TItem, Double>)

Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAverage<TItem>(Func<TItem, Int32>)

Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAverage<TItem>(Func<TItem, Int64>)

Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAverage<TItem>(Func<TItem, Nullable<Decimal>>)

Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAverage<TItem>(Func<TItem, Nullable<Double>>)

Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAverage<TItem>(Func<TItem, Nullable<Int32>>)

Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAverage<TItem>(Func<TItem, Nullable<Int64>>)

Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAverage<TItem>(Func<TItem, Nullable<Single>>)

Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAverage<TItem>(Func<TItem, Single>)

Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodCast<TResult>()

Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodConcat<TItem>(IEnumerable<TItem>)

Concatenates two sequences.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodContains<TItem>(TItem)

Overloaded. Determines whether a sequence contains a specified element by using the default equality comparer.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodContains<TItem>(TItem, IEqualityComparer<TItem>)

Overloaded. Determines whether a sequence contains a specified element by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodCount<TItem>()

Overloaded. Returns the number of elements in a sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodCount<TItem>(Func<TItem, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Returns a number that represents how many elements in the specified sequence satisfy a condition.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodDefaultIfEmpty<TItem>()

Overloaded. Returns the elements of the specified sequence or the type parameter's default value in a singleton collection if the sequence is empty.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodDefaultIfEmpty<TItem>(TItem)

Overloaded. Returns the elements of the specified sequence or the specified value in a singleton collection if the sequence is empty.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodDistinct<TItem>()

Overloaded. Returns distinct elements from a sequence by using the default equality comparer to compare values.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodDistinct<TItem>(IEqualityComparer<TItem>)

Overloaded. Returns distinct elements from a sequence by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodElementAt<TItem>(Int32)

Returns the element at a specified index in a sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodElementAtOrDefault<TItem>(Int32)

Returns the element at a specified index in a sequence or a default value if the index is out of range.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodExcept<TItem>(IEnumerable<TItem>)

Overloaded. Produces the set difference of two sequences by using the default equality comparer to compare values.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodExcept<TItem>(IEnumerable<TItem>, IEqualityComparer<TItem>)

Overloaded. Produces the set difference of two sequences by using the specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodFirst<TItem>()

Overloaded. Returns the first element of a sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodFirst<TItem>(Func<TItem, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Returns the first element in a sequence that satisfies a specified condition.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodFirstOrDefault<TItem>()

Overloaded. Returns the first element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodFirstOrDefault<TItem>(Func<TItem, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Returns the first element of the sequence that satisfies a condition or a default value if no such element is found.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGroupBy<TItem, TKey>(Func<TItem, TKey>)

Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGroupBy<TItem, TKey>(Func<TItem, TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and compares the keys by using a specified comparer.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGroupBy<TItem, TKey, TElement>(Func<TItem, TKey>, Func<TItem, TElement>)

Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and projects the elements for each group by using a specified function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGroupBy<TItem, TKey, TElement>(Func<TItem, TKey>, Func<TItem, TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a key selector function. The keys are compared by using a comparer and each group's elements are projected by using a specified function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGroupBy<TItem, TKey, TResult>(Func<TItem, TKey>, Func<TKey, IEnumerable<TItem>, TResult>)

Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGroupBy<TItem, TKey, TResult>(Func<TItem, TKey>, Func<TKey, IEnumerable<TItem>, TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. The keys are compared by using a specified comparer.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGroupBy<TItem, TKey, TElement, TResult>(Func<TItem, TKey>, Func<TItem, TElement>, Func<TKey, IEnumerable<TElement>, TResult>)

Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. The elements of each group are projected by using a specified function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGroupBy<TItem, TKey, TElement, TResult>(Func<TItem, TKey>, Func<TItem, TElement>, Func<TKey, IEnumerable<TElement>, TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. Key values are compared by using a specified comparer, and the elements of each group are projected by using a specified function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGroupJoin<TItem, TInner, TKey, TResult>(IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TItem, TKey>, Func<TInner, TKey>, Func<TItem, IEnumerable<TInner>, TResult>)

Overloaded. Correlates the elements of two sequences based on equality of keys and groups the results. The default equality comparer is used to compare keys.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGroupJoin<TItem, TInner, TKey, TResult>(IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TItem, TKey>, Func<TInner, TKey>, Func<TItem, IEnumerable<TInner>, TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Correlates the elements of two sequences based on key equality and groups the results. A specified IEqualityComparer<T> is used to compare keys.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodIntersect<TItem>(IEnumerable<TItem>)

Overloaded. Produces the set intersection of two sequences by using the default equality comparer to compare values.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodIntersect<TItem>(IEnumerable<TItem>, IEqualityComparer<TItem>)

Overloaded. Produces the set intersection of two sequences by using the specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodJoin<TItem, TInner, TKey, TResult>(IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TItem, TKey>, Func<TInner, TKey>, Func<TItem, TInner, TResult>)

Overloaded. Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. The default equality comparer is used to compare keys.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodJoin<TItem, TInner, TKey, TResult>(IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TItem, TKey>, Func<TInner, TKey>, Func<TItem, TInner, TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. A specified IEqualityComparer<T> is used to compare keys.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodLast<TItem>()

Overloaded. Returns the last element of a sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodLast<TItem>(Func<TItem, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Returns the last element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodLastOrDefault<TItem>()

Overloaded. Returns the last element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodLastOrDefault<TItem>(Func<TItem, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Returns the last element of a sequence that satisfies a condition or a default value if no such element is found.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodLongCount<TItem>()

Overloaded. Returns an Int64 that represents the total number of elements in a sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodLongCount<TItem>(Func<TItem, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Returns an Int64 that represents how many elements in a sequence satisfy a condition.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<TItem>()

Overloaded. Returns the maximum value in a generic sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<TItem>(Func<TItem, Decimal>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Decimal value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<TItem>(Func<TItem, Double>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Double value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<TItem>(Func<TItem, Int32>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Int32 value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<TItem>(Func<TItem, Int64>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Int64 value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<TItem>(Func<TItem, Nullable<Decimal>>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Decimal value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<TItem>(Func<TItem, Nullable<Double>>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Double value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<TItem>(Func<TItem, Nullable<Int32>>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Int32 value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<TItem>(Func<TItem, Nullable<Int64>>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Int64 value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<TItem>(Func<TItem, Nullable<Single>>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Single value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<TItem>(Func<TItem, Single>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Single value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<TItem, TResult>(Func<TItem, TResult>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a generic sequence and returns the maximum resulting value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<TItem>()

Overloaded. Returns the minimum value in a generic sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<TItem>(Func<TItem, Decimal>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Decimal value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<TItem>(Func<TItem, Double>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Double value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<TItem>(Func<TItem, Int32>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Int32 value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<TItem>(Func<TItem, Int64>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Int64 value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<TItem>(Func<TItem, Nullable<Decimal>>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Decimal value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<TItem>(Func<TItem, Nullable<Double>>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Double value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<TItem>(Func<TItem, Nullable<Int32>>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Int32 value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<TItem>(Func<TItem, Nullable<Int64>>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Int64 value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<TItem>(Func<TItem, Nullable<Single>>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Single value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<TItem>(Func<TItem, Single>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Single value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<TItem, TResult>(Func<TItem, TResult>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a generic sequence and returns the minimum resulting value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodOfType<TResult>()

Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodOrderBy<TItem, TKey>(Func<TItem, TKey>)

Overloaded. Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order according to a key.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodOrderBy<TItem, TKey>(Func<TItem, TKey>, IComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order by using a specified comparer.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodOrderByDescending<TItem, TKey>(Func<TItem, TKey>)

Overloaded. Sorts the elements of a sequence in descending order according to a key.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodOrderByDescending<TItem, TKey>(Func<TItem, TKey>, IComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Sorts the elements of a sequence in descending order by using a specified comparer.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodReverse<TItem>()

Inverts the order of the elements in a sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSelect<TItem, TResult>(Func<TItem, TResult>)

Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence into a new form.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSelect<TItem, TResult>(Func<TItem, Int32, TResult>)

Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence into a new form by incorporating the element's index.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSelectMany<TItem, TResult>(Func<TItem, IEnumerable<TResult>>)

Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T> and flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSelectMany<TItem, TResult>(Func<TItem, Int32, IEnumerable<TResult>>)

Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, and flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence. The index of each source element is used in the projected form of that element.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSelectMany<TItem, TCollection, TResult>(Func<TItem, IEnumerable<TCollection>>, Func<TItem, TCollection, TResult>)

Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence, and invokes a result selector function on each element therein.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSelectMany<TItem, TCollection, TResult>(Func<TItem, Int32, IEnumerable<TCollection>>, Func<TItem, TCollection, TResult>)

Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence, and invokes a result selector function on each element therein. The index of each source element is used in the intermediate projected form of that element.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSequenceEqual<TItem>(IEnumerable<TItem>)

Overloaded. Determines whether two sequences are equal by comparing the elements by using the default equality comparer for their type.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSequenceEqual<TItem>(IEnumerable<TItem>, IEqualityComparer<TItem>)

Overloaded. Determines whether two sequences are equal by comparing their elements by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSingle<TItem>()

Overloaded. Returns the only element of a sequence, and throws an exception if there is not exactly one element in the sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSingle<TItem>(Func<TItem, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Returns the only element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition, and throws an exception if more than one such element exists.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSingleOrDefault<TItem>()

Overloaded. Returns the only element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence is empty; this method throws an exception if there is more than one element in the sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSingleOrDefault<TItem>(Func<TItem, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Returns the only element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition or a default value if no such element exists; this method throws an exception if more than one element satisfies the condition.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSkip<TItem>(Int32)

Bypasses a specified number of elements in a sequence and then returns the remaining elements.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSkipWhile<TItem>(Func<TItem, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Bypasses elements in a sequence as long as a specified condition is true and then returns the remaining elements.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSkipWhile<TItem>(Func<TItem, Int32, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Bypasses elements in a sequence as long as a specified condition is true and then returns the remaining elements. The element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSum<TItem>(Func<TItem, Decimal>)

Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSum<TItem>(Func<TItem, Double>)

Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSum<TItem>(Func<TItem, Int32>)

Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSum<TItem>(Func<TItem, Int64>)

Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSum<TItem>(Func<TItem, Nullable<Decimal>>)

Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSum<TItem>(Func<TItem, Nullable<Double>>)

Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSum<TItem>(Func<TItem, Nullable<Int32>>)

Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSum<TItem>(Func<TItem, Nullable<Int64>>)

Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSum<TItem>(Func<TItem, Nullable<Single>>)

Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSum<TItem>(Func<TItem, Single>)

Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodTake<TItem>(Int32)

Returns a specified number of contiguous elements from the start of a sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodTakeWhile<TItem>(Func<TItem, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Returns elements from a sequence as long as a specified condition is true.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodTakeWhile<TItem>(Func<TItem, Int32, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Returns elements from a sequence as long as a specified condition is true. The element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToArray<TItem>()

Creates an array from a IEnumerable<T>.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToDictionary<TItem, TKey>(Func<TItem, TKey>)

Overloaded. Creates a Dictionary<TKey, TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToDictionary<TItem, TKey>(Func<TItem, TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Creates a Dictionary<TKey, TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function and key comparer.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToDictionary<TItem, TKey, TElement>(Func<TItem, TKey>, Func<TItem, TElement>)

Overloaded. Creates a Dictionary<TKey, TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to specified key selector and element selector functions.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToDictionary<TItem, TKey, TElement>(Func<TItem, TKey>, Func<TItem, TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Creates a Dictionary<TKey, TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function, a comparer, and an element selector function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToList<TItem>()

Creates a List<T> from an IEnumerable<T>.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToLookup<TItem, TKey>(Func<TItem, TKey>)

Overloaded. Creates a Lookup<TKey, TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToLookup<TItem, TKey>(Func<TItem, TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Creates a Lookup<TKey, TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function and key comparer.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToLookup<TItem, TKey, TElement>(Func<TItem, TKey>, Func<TItem, TElement>)

Overloaded. Creates a Lookup<TKey, TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to specified key selector and element selector functions.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToLookup<TItem, TKey, TElement>(Func<TItem, TKey>, Func<TItem, TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Creates a Lookup<TKey, TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function, a comparer and an element selector function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodUnion<TItem>(IEnumerable<TItem>)

Overloaded. Produces the set union of two sequences by using the default equality comparer.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodUnion<TItem>(IEnumerable<TItem>, IEqualityComparer<TItem>)

Overloaded. Produces the set union of two sequences by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodWhere<TItem>(Func<TItem, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodWhere<TItem>(Func<TItem, Int32, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate. Each element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodZip<TItem, TSecond, TResult>(IEnumerable<TSecond>, Func<TItem, TSecond, TResult>)

Applies a specified function to the corresponding elements of two sequences, producing a sequence of the results.(Defined by Enumerable.)

The KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem> class provides both O(1) indexed retrieval and keyed retrieval that approaches O(1). It is an abstract type, or more accurately an infinite set of abstract types, because each of its constructed generic types is an abstract base class. To use KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem>, derive your collection type from the appropriate constructed type.

The KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem> class is a hybrid between a collection based on the IList<T> generic interface and a collection based on the IDictionary<TKey, TValue> generic interface. Like collections based on the IList<T> generic interface, KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem> is an indexed list of items. Like collections based on the IDictionary<TKey, TValue> generic interface, KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem> has a key associated with each element.

Unlike dictionaries, an element of KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem> is not a key/value pair; instead, the entire element is the value and the key is embedded within the value. For example, an element of a collection derived from KeyedCollection<String,String> (KeyedCollection(Of String, String) in Visual Basic) might be "John Doe Jr." where the value is "John Doe Jr." and the key is "Doe"; or a collection of employee records containing integer keys could be derived from KeyedCollection<int,Employee>. The abstract GetKeyForItem method extracts the key from the element.

By default, the KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem> includes a lookup dictionary that you can obtain with the Dictionary property. When an item is added to the KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem>, the item's key is extracted once and saved in the lookup dictionary for faster searches. This behavior is overridden by specifying a dictionary creation threshold when you create the KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem>. The lookup dictionary is created the first time the number of elements exceeds that threshold. If you specify –1 as the threshold, the lookup dictionary is never created.

System_CAPS_noteNote

When the internal lookup dictionary is used, it contains references to all the items in the collection if TItem is a reference type, or copies of all the items in the collection if TItem is a value type. Thus, using the lookup dictionary may not be appropriate if TItem is a value type.

You can access an item by its index or key by using the Itemproperty. You can add items without a key, but these items can subsequently be accessed only by index.

This section contains two code examples. The first example shows the minimum code required to derive from KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem>, and demonstrates many of the inherited methods. The second example shows how to override the protected methods of KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem> to provide custom behavior.

Example 1

This code example shows the minimum code necessary to derive a collection class from KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem>: overriding the GetKeyForItem method and providing a public constructor that delegates to a base class constructor. The code example also demonstrates many of the properties and methods inherited from KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem> and Collection<T> classes.

The SimpleOrder class is a very simple requisition list that contains OrderItem objects, each of which represents a line item in the order. The key of OrderItem is immutable, an important consideration for classes that derive from KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem>. For a code example that uses mutable keys, see ChangeItemKey.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Collections.ObjectModel;

// This class represents a very simple keyed list of OrderItems,
// inheriting most of its behavior from the KeyedCollection and 
// Collection classes. The immediate base class is the constructed
// type KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>. When you inherit
// from KeyedCollection, the second generic type argument is the 
// type that you want to store in the collection -- in this case
// OrderItem. The first type argument is the type that you want
// to use as a key. Its values must be calculated from OrderItem; 
// in this case it is the int field PartNumber, so SimpleOrder
// inherits KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>.
//
public class SimpleOrder : KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>
{

    // This is the only method that absolutely must be overridden,
    // because without it the KeyedCollection cannot extract the
    // keys from the items. The input parameter type is the 
    // second generic type argument, in this case OrderItem, and 
    // the return value type is the first generic type argument,
    // in this case int.
    //
    protected override int GetKeyForItem(OrderItem item)
    {
        // In this example, the key is the part number.
        return item.PartNumber;
    }
}

public class Demo
{    
    public static void Main()
    {
        SimpleOrder weekly = new SimpleOrder();

        // The Add method, inherited from Collection, takes OrderItem.
        //
        weekly.Add(new OrderItem(110072674, "Widget", 400, 45.17));
        weekly.Add(new OrderItem(110072675, "Sprocket", 27, 5.3));
        weekly.Add(new OrderItem(101030411, "Motor", 10, 237.5));
        weekly.Add(new OrderItem(110072684, "Gear", 175, 5.17));

        Display(weekly);

        // The Contains method of KeyedCollection takes the key, 
        // type, in this case int.
        //
        Console.WriteLine("\nContains(101030411): {0}", 
            weekly.Contains(101030411));

        // The default Item property of KeyedCollection takes a key.
        //
        Console.WriteLine("\nweekly[101030411].Description: {0}", 
            weekly[101030411].Description);

        // The Remove method of KeyedCollection takes a key.
        //
        Console.WriteLine("\nRemove(101030411)");
        weekly.Remove(101030411);
        Display(weekly);

        // The Insert method, inherited from Collection, takes an 
        // index and an OrderItem.
        //
        Console.WriteLine("\nInsert(2, New OrderItem(...))");
        weekly.Insert(2, new OrderItem(111033401, "Nut", 10, .5));
        Display(weekly);

        // The default Item property is overloaded. One overload comes
        // from KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>; that overload
        // is read-only, and takes Integer because it retrieves by key. 
        // The other overload comes from Collection<OrderItem>, the 
        // base class of KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>; it 
        // retrieves by index, so it also takes an Integer. The compiler
        // uses the most-derived overload, from KeyedCollection, so the
        // only way to access SimpleOrder by index is to cast it to
        // Collection<OrderItem>. Otherwise the index is interpreted
        // as a key, and KeyNotFoundException is thrown.
        //
        Collection<OrderItem> coweekly = weekly;
        Console.WriteLine("\ncoweekly[2].Description: {0}", 
            coweekly[2].Description);

        Console.WriteLine("\ncoweekly[2] = new OrderItem(...)");
        coweekly[2] = new OrderItem(127700026, "Crank", 27, 5.98);

        OrderItem temp = coweekly[2];

        // The IndexOf method inherited from Collection<OrderItem> 
        // takes an OrderItem instead of a key
        // 
        Console.WriteLine("\nIndexOf(temp): {0}", weekly.IndexOf(temp));

        // The inherited Remove method also takes an OrderItem.
        //
        Console.WriteLine("\nRemove(temp)");
        weekly.Remove(temp);
        Display(weekly);

        Console.WriteLine("\nRemoveAt(0)");
        weekly.RemoveAt(0);
        Display(weekly);

    }

    private static void Display(SimpleOrder order)
    {
        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( OrderItem item in order )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(item);
        }
    }
}

// This class represents a simple line item in an order. All the 
// values are immutable except quantity.
// 
public class OrderItem
{
    public readonly int PartNumber;
    public readonly string Description;
    public readonly double UnitPrice;

    private int _quantity = 0;

    public OrderItem(int partNumber, string description, 
        int quantity, double unitPrice)
    {
        this.PartNumber = partNumber;
        this.Description = description;
        this.Quantity = quantity;
        this.UnitPrice = unitPrice;
    } 

    public int Quantity    
    {
        get { return _quantity; }
        set
        {
            if (value<0)
                throw new ArgumentException("Quantity cannot be negative.");

            _quantity = value;
        }
    }

    public override string ToString()
    {
        return String.Format(
            "{0,9} {1,6} {2,-12} at {3,8:#,###.00} = {4,10:###,###.00}", 
            PartNumber, _quantity, Description, UnitPrice, 
            UnitPrice * _quantity);
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

110072674    400 Widget       at    45.17 =  18,068.00
110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
101030411     10 Motor        at   237.50 =   2,375.00
110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75

Contains(101030411): True

weekly[101030411].Description: Motor

Remove(101030411)

110072674    400 Widget       at    45.17 =  18,068.00
110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75

Insert(2, New OrderItem(...))

110072674    400 Widget       at    45.17 =  18,068.00
110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
111033401     10 Nut          at      .50 =       5.00
110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75

coweekly[2].Description: Nut

coweekly[2] = new OrderItem(...)

IndexOf(temp): 2

Remove(temp)

110072674    400 Widget       at    45.17 =  18,068.00
110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75

RemoveAt(0)

110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75
 */

Example 2

The following code example shows how to override the protected InsertItem, RemoveItem, ClearItems, and SetItem methods, to provide custom behavior for the Add, Remove, and Clear methods, and for setting the default Item property (the indexer in C#). The custom behavior provided in this example is a notification event named Changed, which is raised at the end of each of the overridden methods.

The code example creates the SimpleOrder class, which derives from KeyedCollection<TKey, TItem> and represents a simple order form. The order form contains OrderItem objects representing items ordered. The code example also creates a SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs class to contain the event information, and an enumeration to identify the type of change.

The code example demonstrates the custom behavior by calling the properties and methods of the derived class, in the Main method of the Demo class.

This code example uses objects with immutable keys. For a code example that uses mutable keys, see ChangeItemKey.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Collections.ObjectModel;

// This class derives from KeyedCollection and shows how to override
// the protected ClearItems, InsertItem, RemoveItem, and SetItem 
// methods in order to change the behavior of the default Item 
// property and the Add, Clear, Insert, and Remove methods. The
// class implements a Changed event, which is raised by all the
// protected methods.
//
// SimpleOrder is a collection of OrderItem objects, and its key
// is the PartNumber field of OrderItem. PartNumber is an Integer,
// so SimpleOrder inherits KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>.
// (Note that the key of OrderItem cannot be changed; if it could 
// be changed, SimpleOrder would have to override ChangeItemKey.)
//
public class SimpleOrder : KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>
{
    public event EventHandler<SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs> Changed;

    // This parameterless constructor calls the base class constructor
    // that specifies a dictionary threshold of 0, so that the internal
    // dictionary is created as soon as an item is added to the 
    // collection.
    //
    public SimpleOrder() : base(null, 0) {}

    // This is the only method that absolutely must be overridden,
    // because without it the KeyedCollection cannot extract the
    // keys from the items. 
    //
    protected override int GetKeyForItem(OrderItem item)
    {
        // In this example, the key is the part number.
        return item.PartNumber;
    }

    protected override void InsertItem(int index, OrderItem newItem)
    {
        base.InsertItem(index, newItem);

        EventHandler<SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs> temp = Changed;
        if (temp != null)
        {
            temp(this, new SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs(
                ChangeType.Added, newItem, null));
        }
    }

    protected override void SetItem(int index, OrderItem newItem)
    {
        OrderItem replaced = Items[index];
        base.SetItem(index, newItem);

        EventHandler<SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs> temp = Changed;
        if (temp != null)
        {
            temp(this, new SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs(
                ChangeType.Replaced, replaced, newItem));
        }
    }

    protected override void RemoveItem(int index)
    {
        OrderItem removedItem = Items[index];
        base.RemoveItem(index);

        EventHandler<SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs> temp = Changed;
        if (temp != null)
        {
            temp(this, new SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs(
                ChangeType.Removed, removedItem, null));
        }
    }

    protected override void ClearItems()
    {
        base.ClearItems();

        EventHandler<SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs> temp = Changed;
        if (temp != null)
        {
            temp(this, new SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs(
                ChangeType.Cleared, null, null));
        }
    }
}

// Event argument for the Changed event.
//
public class SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs : EventArgs
{
    private OrderItem _changedItem;
    private ChangeType _changeType;
    private OrderItem _replacedWith;

    public OrderItem ChangedItem { get { return _changedItem; }}
    public ChangeType ChangeType { get { return _changeType; }}
    public OrderItem ReplacedWith { get { return _replacedWith; }}

    public SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs(ChangeType change, 
        OrderItem item, OrderItem replacement)
    {
        _changeType = change;
        _changedItem = item;
        _replacedWith = replacement;
    }
}

public enum ChangeType
{
    Added, 
    Removed, 
    Replaced, 
    Cleared
};

public class Demo
{    
    public static void Main()
    {
        SimpleOrder weekly = new SimpleOrder();
        weekly.Changed += new 
            EventHandler<SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs>(ChangedHandler);

        // The Add method, inherited from Collection, takes OrderItem.
        //
        weekly.Add(new OrderItem(110072674, "Widget", 400, 45.17));
        weekly.Add(new OrderItem(110072675, "Sprocket", 27, 5.3));
        weekly.Add(new OrderItem(101030411, "Motor", 10, 237.5));
        weekly.Add(new OrderItem(110072684, "Gear", 175, 5.17));

        Display(weekly);

        // The Contains method of KeyedCollection takes TKey.
        //
        Console.WriteLine("\nContains(101030411): {0}", 
            weekly.Contains(101030411));

        // The default Item property of KeyedCollection takes the key
        // type, Integer. The property is read-only.
        //
        Console.WriteLine("\nweekly[101030411].Description: {0}", 
            weekly[101030411].Description);

        // The Remove method of KeyedCollection takes a key.
        //
        Console.WriteLine("\nRemove(101030411)");
        weekly.Remove(101030411);

        // The Insert method, inherited from Collection, takes an 
        // index and an OrderItem.
        //
        Console.WriteLine("\nInsert(2, new OrderItem(...))");
        weekly.Insert(2, new OrderItem(111033401, "Nut", 10, .5));

        // The default Item property is overloaded. One overload comes
        // from KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>; that overload
        // is read-only, and takes Integer because it retrieves by key. 
        // The other overload comes from Collection<OrderItem>, the 
        // base class of KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>; it 
        // retrieves by index, so it also takes an Integer. The compiler
        // uses the most-derived overload, from KeyedCollection, so the
        // only way to access SimpleOrder by index is to cast it to
        // Collection<OrderItem>. Otherwise the index is interpreted
        // as a key, and KeyNotFoundException is thrown.
        //
        Collection<OrderItem> coweekly = weekly;
        Console.WriteLine("\ncoweekly[2].Description: {0}", 
            coweekly[2].Description);

        Console.WriteLine("\ncoweekly[2] = new OrderItem(...)");
        coweekly[2] = new OrderItem(127700026, "Crank", 27, 5.98);

        OrderItem temp = coweekly[2];

        // The IndexOf method, inherited from Collection<OrderItem>, 
        // takes an OrderItem instead of a key.
        // 
        Console.WriteLine("\nIndexOf(temp): {0}", weekly.IndexOf(temp));

        // The inherited Remove method also takes an OrderItem.
        //
        Console.WriteLine("\nRemove(temp)");
        weekly.Remove(temp);

        Console.WriteLine("\nRemoveAt(0)");
        weekly.RemoveAt(0);

        // Increase the quantity for a line item.
        Console.WriteLine("\ncoweekly(1) = New OrderItem(...)");
        coweekly[1] = new OrderItem(coweekly[1].PartNumber, 
            coweekly[1].Description, coweekly[1].Quantity + 1000, 
            coweekly[1].UnitPrice);

        Display(weekly);

        Console.WriteLine();
        weekly.Clear();
    }

    private static void Display(SimpleOrder order)
    {
        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( OrderItem item in order )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(item);
        }
    }

    private static void ChangedHandler(object source, 
        SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs e)
    {

        OrderItem item = e.ChangedItem;

        if (e.ChangeType==ChangeType.Replaced)
        {
            OrderItem replacement = e.ReplacedWith;

            Console.WriteLine("{0} (quantity {1}) was replaced " +
                "by {2}, (quantity {3}).", item.Description, 
                item.Quantity, replacement.Description, 
                replacement.Quantity);
        }
        else if(e.ChangeType == ChangeType.Cleared)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("The order list was cleared.");
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine("{0} (quantity {1}) was {2}.", 
                item.Description, item.Quantity, e.ChangeType);
        }
    }
}

// This class represents a simple line item in an order. All the 
// values are immutable except quantity.
// 
public class OrderItem
{
    private int _partNumber;
    private string _description;
    private double _unitPrice;
    private int _quantity;

    public int PartNumber { get { return _partNumber; }}
    public string Description { get { return _description; }}
    public double UnitPrice { get { return _unitPrice; }}
    public int Quantity { get { return _quantity; }}

    public OrderItem(int partNumber, string description, int quantity, 
        double unitPrice)
    {
        _partNumber = partNumber;
        _description = description;
        _quantity = quantity;
        _unitPrice = unitPrice;
    }

    public override string ToString()
    {
        return String.Format(
            "{0,9} {1,6} {2,-12} at {3,8:#,###.00} = {4,10:###,###.00}", 
            PartNumber, _quantity, Description, UnitPrice, 
            UnitPrice * _quantity);
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Widget (quantity 400) was Added.
Sprocket (quantity 27) was Added.
Motor (quantity 10) was Added.
Gear (quantity 175) was Added.

110072674    400 Widget       at    45.17 =  18,068.00
110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
101030411     10 Motor        at   237.50 =   2,375.00
110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75

Contains(101030411): True

weekly[101030411].Description: Motor

Remove(101030411)
Motor (quantity 10) was Removed.

Insert(2, new OrderItem(...))
Nut (quantity 10) was Added.

coweekly[2].Description: Nut

coweekly[2] = new OrderItem(...)
Nut (quantity 10) was replaced by Crank, (quantity 27).

IndexOf(temp): 2

Remove(temp)
Crank (quantity 27) was Removed.

RemoveAt(0)
Widget (quantity 400) was Removed.

coweekly(1) = New OrderItem(...)
Gear (quantity 175) was replaced by Gear, (quantity 1175).

110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
110072684   1175 Gear         at     5.17 =   6,074.75

The order list was cleared.
 */

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 4.5
.NET Framework
Available since 2.0
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Silverlight
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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