String.IndexOf Method (Char, Int32, Int32)


The .NET API Reference documentation has a new home. Visit the .NET API Browser on to see the new experience.

Reports the zero-based index of the first occurrence of the specified character in this instance. The search starts at a specified character position and examines a specified number of character positions.

Namespace:   System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

Public Function IndexOf (
	value As Char,
	startIndex As Integer,
	count As Integer
) As Integer


Type: System.Char

A Unicode character to seek.

Type: System.Int32

The search starting position.

Type: System.Int32

The number of character positions to examine.

Return Value

Type: System.Int32

The zero-based index position of value from the start of the string if that character is found, or -1 if it is not.

Exception Condition

count or startIndex is negative.


startIndex is greater than the length of this string.


count is greater than the length of this string minus startIndex.

The search begins at startIndex and continues to startIndex + count -1. The character at startIndex + count is not included in the search.

Index numbering starts from 0 (zero). The startIndex parameter can range from 0 to the length of the string instance.

This method performs an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where a character is considered equivalent to another character only if their Unicode scalar values are the same. To perform a culture-sensitive search, use the CompareInfo.IndexOf method, where a Unicode scalar value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of the character's components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture.

The following example demonstrates the IndexOf method.

' Example for the String.IndexOf( Char, Integer, Integer ) method.
Imports System
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

Module IndexOfCII

    Sub Main()
        Dim br1 As String = _
            "0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----" & _
        Dim br2 As String = _
            "0123456789012345678901234567890123456789" & _
        Dim str As String = _
            "ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi " & _
            "ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi ABCDEFGHI"

        Console.WriteLine( _
            "This example of String.IndexOf( Char, Integer, Integer )" & _
            vbCrLf & "generates the following output." )
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "{0}{1}{0}{2}{0}{3}{0}", _
            Environment.NewLine, br1, br2, str)

        FindAllChar("A"c, str)
        FindAllChar("a"c, str)
        FindAllChar("I"c, str)
        FindAllChar("i"c, str)
        FindAllChar("@"c, str)
        FindAllChar(" "c, str)
    End Sub 'Main

    Sub FindAllChar(target As Char, searched As String)

        Console.Write( _
            "The character ""{0}"" occurs at position(s): ", target)

        Dim startIndex As Integer = - 1
        Dim hitCount As Integer = 0

        ' Search for all occurrences of the target.
        While True
            startIndex = searched.IndexOf( _
                target, startIndex + 1, _
                searched.Length - startIndex - 1)

            ' Exit the loop if the target is not found.
            If startIndex < 0 Then
                Exit While
            End If 

            Console.Write("{0}, ", startIndex)
            hitCount += 1
        End While

        Console.WriteLine("occurrences: {0}", hitCount)

    End Sub 'FindAllChar
End Module 'IndexOfCII

' This example of String.IndexOf( Char, Integer, Integer )
' generates the following output.
' 0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+----7
' 01234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890
' The character "A" occurs at position(s): 0, 20, 40, 60, occurrences: 4
' The character "a" occurs at position(s): 10, 30, 50, occurrences: 3
' The character "I" occurs at position(s): 8, 28, 48, 68, occurrences: 4
' The character "i" occurs at position(s): 18, 38, 58, occurrences: 3
' The character "@" occurs at position(s): occurrences: 0
' The character " " occurs at position(s): 9, 19, 29, 39, 49, 59, occurrences: 6

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 8
.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
Return to top