GetCustomAttributes Method (MemberInfo, Boolean)

Attribute::GetCustomAttributes Method (MemberInfo, Boolean)

Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a member of a type. Parameters specify the member, the type of the custom attribute to search for, and whether to search ancestors of the member.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public:
static array<Attribute^>^ GetCustomAttributes(
	MemberInfo^ element, 
	bool inherit
)

Parameters

element
Type: System.Reflection::MemberInfo
An object derived from the MemberInfo class that describes a constructor, event, field, method, or property member of a class.
inherit
Type: System::Boolean
If true, specifies to also search the ancestors of element for custom attributes.

Return Value

Type: array<System::Attribute>
An Attribute array that contains the custom attributes applied to element, or an empty array if no such custom attributes exist.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

element is nullptr.

NotSupportedException

element is not a constructor, method, property, event, type, or field.

TypeLoadException

A custom attribute type cannot be loaded.

The return value contains the custom attributes for ancestors of element if inherit is true.

NoteNote

Starting with the .NET Framework version 2.0, this method returns security attributes on methods, constructors, and types if the attributes are stored in the new metadata format. Assemblies compiled with version 2.0 or later use the new format. Dynamic assemblies and assemblies compiled with earlier versions of the .NET Framework use the old XML format. See Emitting Declarative Security Attributes.

The following code example demonstrates the use of GetCustomAttributes, taking a MemberInfo as a parameter.


using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Security;
using namespace System::Runtime::InteropServices;

namespace CustAttrs4CS
{
   // Create a class for Win32 imported unmanaged functions.
   public ref class Win32
   {
   public:

      [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet::Unicode)]
      static int MessageBox( int hWnd, String^ text, String^ caption, UInt32 type );
   };

   public ref class AClass
   {
   public:

      // Add some attributes to the Win32CallMethod.

      [Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.")]
      void Win32CallMethod()
      {
         Win32::MessageBox( 0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Be Careful!", 0 );
      }

   };

   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
         Type^ clsType = AClass::typeid;

         // Get the type information for the Win32CallMethod.
         MethodInfo^ mInfo = clsType->GetMethod( "Win32CallMethod" );
         if ( mInfo != nullptr )
         {
            // Iterate through all the attributes for the method.
            System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum3 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( mInfo )->GetEnumerator();
            while ( myEnum3->MoveNext() )
            {
               Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum3->Current);

               // Check for the Obsolete attribute.
               if ( attr->GetType() == ObsoleteAttribute::typeid )
               {
                  Console::WriteLine( "Method {0} is obsolete. "
                  "The message is:", mInfo->Name );
                  Console::WriteLine( (dynamic_cast<ObsoleteAttribute^>(attr))->Message );
               }
               // Check for the SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurity attribute.
               else

               // Check for the SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurity attribute.
               if ( attr->GetType() == SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurityAttribute::typeid )
               {
                  Console::WriteLine( "This method calls unmanaged code "
                  "with no security check." );
                  Console::WriteLine( "Please do not use unless absolutely necessary." );
                  AClass^ myCls = gcnew AClass;
                  myCls->Win32CallMethod();
               }
            }
         }
      }
   };
}


/*
 * Output:
 * Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
 * This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.
 * This method calls unmanaged code with no security check.
 * Please do not use unless absolutely necessary.
 */


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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