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SystemEvents.SessionEnding Event

Occurs when the user is trying to log off or shut down the system.

Namespace:  Microsoft.Win32
Assembly:  System (in System.dll)

'Declaration
Public Shared Event SessionEnding As SessionEndingEventHandler

ExceptionCondition
InvalidOperationException

System event notifications are not supported under the current context. Server processes, for example, might not support global system event notifications.

ExternalException

The attempt to create a system events window thread did not succeed.

This is a cancelable event. Setting the Cancel property to true will request that the session continues to run. It provides no guarantee that the session will not end.

If you are using SessionEnding in a Windows form to detect a system logoff or reboot, there is no deterministic way to decide whether the Closing event will fire before this event.

If you want to perform some special tasks before Closing is fired, you need to ensure that SessionEnding fires before Closing. To do this, you need to trap the WM_QUERYENDSESSION in the form by overriding the WndProc function. This example demonstrates how to do this.

Private Shared WM_QUERYENDSESSION As Integer = &H11
 Private Shared systemShutdown As Boolean = False
 Protected Overrides Sub WndProc(ByRef m As System.Windows.Forms.Message)
     If m.Msg = WM_QUERYENDSESSION Then
         MessageBox.Show("queryendsession: this is a logoff, shutdown, or reboot")
         systemShutdown = True
     End If
     ' If this is WM_QUERYENDSESSION, the closing event should be raised in the base WndProc.
     MyBase.WndProc(m)
 End Sub 'WndProc 
 Private Sub Form1_Closing(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs) Handles MyBase.Closing
     If (systemShutdown) Then
     ' Reset the variable because the user might cancel the shutdown.
         systemShutdown = False
         If (System.Windows.Forms.DialogResult.Yes = _
                 MessageBox.Show("My application", "Do you want to save your work before logging off?", MessageBoxButtons.YesNo)) Then
                 e.Cancel = True
         Else
                 e.Cancel = False
         End If
     End If
 End Sub

Important noteImportant

Console applications do not raise the SessionEnding event.

NoteNote

This event is only raised if the message pump is running. In a Windows service, unless a hidden form is used or the message pump has been started manually, this event will not be raised. For a code example that shows how to handle system events by using a hidden form in a Windows service, see the SystemEvents class.

Caution noteCaution

Because this is a static event, you must detach your event handlers when your application is disposed, or memory leaks will result.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.
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