Information.UBound Method

Returns the highest available subscript for the indicated dimension of an array.

Namespace: Microsoft.VisualBasic
Assembly: Microsoft.VisualBasic (in microsoft.visualbasic.dll)

public static int UBound (
	Array Array,
	[OptionalAttribute] int Rank
)
public static int UBound (
	Array Array, 
	/** @attribute OptionalAttribute() */ int Rank
)
public static function UBound (
	Array : Array, 
	Rank : int
) : int

Parameters

Array

Required. Array of any data type. The array in which you want to find the highest possible subscript of a dimension.

Rank

Optional. Integer. The dimension for which the highest possible subscript is to be returned. Use 1 for the first dimension, 2 for the second, and so on. If Rank is omitted, 1 is assumed.

Return Value

Integer. The highest value the subscript for the specified dimension can contain. If Array has only one element, UBound returns 0. If Array has no elements, for example if it is a zero-length string, UBound returns -1.

For more detailed information, see the Visual Basic topic UBound Function (Visual Basic).

Since array subscripts start at 0, the length of a dimension is greater by one than the highest available subscript for that dimension.

For an array with the following dimensions, UBound returns the values in the following table:

Dim a(100, 5, 4) As Byte

Call to UBound

Return value

UBound(a, 1)

100

UBound(a, 2)

5

UBound(a, 3)

4

You can use UBound to determine the total number of elements in an array, but you must adjust the value it returns to account for the fact that the subscripts start at 0. The following example calculates the total size of the array a in the preceding example:

Dim total As Integer
total = (UBound(A, 1) + 1) * (UBound(A, 2) + 1) * (UBound(A, 3) + 1)

The value calculated for total is 3030, which is 101 * 6 * 5.

The following example uses the UBound function to determine the highest available subscript for the indicated dimension of an array.

Dim highest, bigArray(10, 15, 20), littleArray(6) As Integer
highest = UBound(bigArray, 1)
highest = UBound(bigArray, 3)
highest = UBound(littleArray)
' The three calls to UBound return 10, 20, and 6 respectively.

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.0

Community Additions

ADD
Show: