Was this page helpful?
Your feedback about this content is important. Let us know what you think.
Additional feedback?
1500 characters remaining
Export (0) Print
Expand All

SpeechRecognitionEngine.SpeechRecognized Event

Raised when the SpeechRecognitionEngine receives input that matches any of its loaded and enabled Grammar objects.

Namespace:  Microsoft.Speech.Recognition
Assembly:  Microsoft.Speech (in Microsoft.Speech.dll)

public event EventHandler<SpeechRecognizedEventArgs> SpeechRecognized

You can initiate a recognition operation using the one of the Recognize() or RecognizeAsync() methods. The recognizer raises the SpeechRecognized event if it determines that input matches one of its loaded Grammar objects with a sufficient level of confidence to constitute recognition. The Result property of the SpeechRecognitionRejectedEventArgs contains the accepted RecognitionResult object. Handlers of SpeechRecognized events can obtain the recognized phrase as well as a list of recognition Alternates with lower confidence scores.

You can modify the confidence level at which the SpeechRecognitionEngine accepts or rejects speech input with one of the UpdateRecognizerSetting() methods. You can modify how the speech recognition responds to non-speech input using the BabbleTimeout, InitialSilenceTimeout, EndSilenceTimeout, and EndSilenceTimeoutAmbiguous properties.

When the recognizer receives input that matches a grammar, the Grammar object can raise its SpeechRecognized event. The Grammar object's SpeechRecognized event is raised prior to the speech recognizer's SpeechRecognized event. Any tasks specific to a particular grammar should always be performed by a handler for the SpeechRecognized event.

When you create a SpeechRecognized delegate, you identify the method that will handle the event. To associate the event with your event handler, add an instance of the delegate to the event. The event handler is called whenever the event occurs, unless you remove the delegate. For more information about event-handler delegates, see Events and Delegates.

The following example is part of a console application that creates a speech recognition grammar, constructs a Grammar object, and loads it into the SpeechRecognitionEngine to perform recognition. The grammar recognizes spoken input such as "I want to fly from Chicago to Miami". The example retrieves information from the recognition result using a handler for the SpeechRecognized event.


using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using Microsoft.Speech.Recognition;

namespace SampleRecognition
{
  class Program
  {
    static void Main(string[] args)

    // Initialize a SpeechRecognitionEngine object.
    {
      using (SpeechRecognitionEngine recognizer = 
        new SpeechRecognitionEngine(new System.Globalization.CultureInfo("en-US")))
      {

        // Create SemanticResultValue objects that contain cities and airport codes.
        SemanticResultValue chicago = new SemanticResultValue("Chicago", "ORD");
        SemanticResultValue boston = new SemanticResultValue("Boston", "BOS");
        SemanticResultValue miami = new SemanticResultValue("Miami", "MIA");
        SemanticResultValue dallas = new SemanticResultValue("Dallas", "DFW");

        // Create a Choices object and add the SemanticResultValue objects.
        Choices cities = new Choices();
        cities.Add(new Choices(new GrammarBuilder[] { chicago, boston, miami, dallas }));

        // Build the phrase and add SemanticResultKeys.
        GrammarBuilder chooseCities = new GrammarBuilder();
        chooseCities.Append("I want to fly from");
        chooseCities.Append(new SemanticResultKey("origin", cities));
        chooseCities.Append("to");
        chooseCities.Append(new SemanticResultKey("destination", cities));

        // Build a Grammar object from the GrammarBuilder.
        Grammar bookFlight = new Grammar(chooseCities);
        bookFlight.Name = "Book Flight";

        // Add a handler for the SpeechRecognized event.
        recognizer.SpeechRecognized +=
          new EventHandler<SpeechRecognizedEventArgs>(recognizer_SpeechRecognized);

        // Load the grammar object to the recognizer.
        recognizer.LoadGrammarAsync(bookFlight);

        // Set the input to the recognizer.
        recognizer.SetInputToDefaultAudioDevice();

        // Start recognition.
        recognizer.RecognizeAsync();
        Console.WriteLine("Starting asynchronous recognition...");

        // Keep the console window open.
        Console.ReadLine();
      }
    }

    // Handle the SpeechRecognized event.
    static void recognizer_SpeechRecognized(object sender, SpeechRecognizedEventArgs e)
    {
      Console.WriteLine("Recognition result summary:");
      Console.WriteLine(
        "  Recognized phrase: {0}\n" +
        "  Confidence score {1}\n" +
        "  Grammar used: {2}\n",
        e.Result.Text, e.Result.Confidence, e.Result.Grammar.Name);

      // Display the semantic values in the recognition result.
      Console.WriteLine("  Semantic results:");
      foreach (KeyValuePair<String, SemanticValue> child in e.Result.Semantics)
      {
        Console.WriteLine("    The {0} city is {1}",
          child.Key, child.Value.Value ?? "null");
      }
      Console.WriteLine();

      // Display information about the words in the recognition result.
      Console.WriteLine("  Word summary: ");
      foreach (RecognizedWordUnit word in e.Result.Words)
      {
        Console.WriteLine(
          "    Lexical form ({1})" +
          " Pronunciation ({0})" +
          " Display form ({2})",
          word.Pronunciation, word.LexicalForm, word.DisplayAttributes);
      }

      // Display information about the audio in the recognition result.
      Console.WriteLine("  Input audio summary:\n" +
            "    Candidate Phrase at:       {0} mSec\n" +
            "    Phrase Length:             {1} mSec\n" +
            "    Input State Time:          {2}\n" +
            "    Input Format:              {3}\n",
            e.Result.Audio.AudioPosition,
            e.Result.Audio.Duration,
            e.Result.Audio.StartTime,
            e.Result.Audio.Format.EncodingFormat);

      // Display information about the alternate recognitions in the recognition result.
      Console.WriteLine("  Alternate phrase collection:");
      foreach (RecognizedPhrase phrase in e.Result.Alternates)
      {
        Console.WriteLine("    Phrase: " + phrase.Text);
        Console.WriteLine("    Confidence score: " + phrase.Confidence);
      }

      // Display information about text that was replaced during normalization.
      if (e.Result.ReplacementWordUnits.Count != 0)
      {
        Console.WriteLine("  Replacement text:\n");
        foreach (ReplacementText rep in e.Result.ReplacementWordUnits)
        {
          Console.WriteLine("      At index {0} for {1} words. Text: {2}\n",
          rep.FirstWordIndex, rep.CountOfWords, rep.Text);
        }
        //label.Text += String.Format("\n\n");

      }
      else
      {
        Console.WriteLine(); 
        Console.WriteLine("No text was replaced");
      }
    }
  }
}
Show:
© 2015 Microsoft