asctime, _wasctime

 

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Convert a tm time structure to a character string. More secure versions of these functions are available; see asctime_s, _wasctime_s.

char *asctime(   
   const struct tm *timeptr   
);  
wchar_t *_wasctime(   
   const struct tm *timeptr   
);  

Parameters

timeptr
Time/date structure.

asctime returns a pointer to the character string result; _wasctime returns a pointer to the wide-character string result. There is no error return value.

More secure versions of these functions are available; see asctime_s, _wasctime_s.

The asctime function converts a time stored as a structure to a character string. The timeptr value is usually obtained from a call to gmtime or localtime, which both return a pointer to a tm structure, defined in TIME.H.

timeptr memberValue
tm_hourHours since midnight (0–23)
tm_isdstPositive if daylight saving time is in effect; 0 if daylight saving time is not in effect; negative if status of daylight saving time is unknown. The C run-time library assumes the United States' rules for implementing the calculation of Daylight Saving Time (DST).
tm_mdayDay of month (1–31)
tm_minMinutes after hour (0–59)
tm_monMonth (0–11; January = 0)
tm_secSeconds after minute (0–59)
tm_wdayDay of week (0–6; Sunday = 0)
tm_ydayDay of year (0–365; January 1 = 0)
tm_yearYear (current year minus 1900)

The converted character string is also adjusted according to the local time zone settings. For information about configuring the local time, see the time, _ftime, and localtime functions and the _tzset function for information about defining the time zone environment and global variables.

The string result produced by asctime contains exactly 26 characters and has the form Wed Jan 02 02:03:55 1980\n\0. A 24-hour clock is used. All fields have a constant width. The newline character and the null character occupy the last two positions of the string. asctime uses a single, statically allocated buffer to hold the return string. Each call to this function destroys the result of the previous call.

_wasctime is a wide-character version of asctime. _wasctime and asctime behave identically otherwise.

These functions validate their parameters. If timeptr is a null pointer, or if it contains out-of-range values, the invalid parameter handler is invoked, as described in Parameter Validation. If execution is allowed to continue, the function returns NULL and sets errno to EINVAL.

Generic-Text Routine Mapping

TCHAR.H routine_UNICODE & _MBCS not defined_MBCS defined_UNICODE defined
_tasctimeasctimeasctime_wasctime
RoutineRequired header
asctime<time.h>
_wasctime<time.h> or <wchar.h>

This program places the system time in the long integer aclock, translates it into the structure newtime and then converts it to string form for output, using the asctime function.

// crt_asctime.c  
// compile with: /W3  
  
#include <time.h>  
#include <stdio.h>  
  
int main( void )  
{  
    struct tm   *newTime;  
    time_t      szClock;  
  
    // Get time in seconds  
    time( &szClock );  
  
    // Convert time to struct tm form   
    newTime = localtime( &szClock );  
  
    // Print local time as a string.  
    printf_s( "Current date and time: %s", asctime( newTime ) ); // C4996  
    // Note: asctime is deprecated; consider using asctime_s instead  
}  

Current date and time: Sun Feb 03 11:38:58 2002  

Time Management
ctime, _ctime32, _ctime64, _wctime, _wctime32, _wctime64
_ftime, _ftime32, _ftime64
gmtime, _gmtime32, _gmtime64
localtime, _localtime32, _localtime64
time, _time32, _time64
_tzset
asctime_s, _wasctime_s

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