Use these routines to create, delete, and manipulate files and to set and check file-access permissions.
The C run-time libraries have a 512 limit for the number of files that can be open at any one time. Attempting to open more than the maximum number of file descriptors or file streams causes program failure. Use _setmaxstdio to change this number.
The following routines operate on files designated by a file descriptor.
File-Handling Routines (File Descriptor)
|_chsize||Change file size|
|_filelength||Get file length|
|_fstat, _fstat64 _fstati64||Get file-status information on descriptor|
|_isatty||Check for character device|
|_locking||Lock areas of file|
|_setmode||Set file-translation mode|
The following routines operate on files specified by a path or filename.
File-Handling Routines (Path or Filename)
|_access, _waccess||Check file-permission setting|
|_chmod, _wchmod||Change file-permission setting|
|_fullpath, _wfullpath||Expand a relative path to its absolute path name|
|_get_osfhandle||Return operating-system file handle associated with existing stream FILE pointer|
|_makepath, _wmakepath||Merge path components into single, full path|
|_mktemp, _wmktemp||Create unique filename|
|_open_osfhandle||Associate C run-time file descriptor with existing operating-system file handle|
|remove, _wremove||Delete file|
|rename, _wrename||Rename file|
|_splitpath, _wsplitpath||Parse path into components|
|_stat, _stat64, _stati64, _wstat, _wstat64, _wstati64||Get file-status information on named file|
|_umask||Set default permission mask for new files created by program|
|_unlink, _wunlink||Delete file|
The following routines open files.
File-Handling Routines (Open File)
|fopen||Opens a file and returns a pointer to the open file.|
|_fsopen||Open a stream with file sharing and returns a pointer to the open file.|
|_open||Opens a file and returns a file descriptor to the opened file.|
|_sopen||Open a file with file sharing and returns a file descriptor to the open file.|
|_fdopen||Associates a stream with a file that was previously opened for low-level I/O and returns a pointer to the open stream.|
|_fileno||Gets the file descriptor associated with a stream.|
|_open_osfhandle||Associates C run-time file descriptor with an existing operating-system file handle.|
|_pipe||Creates a pipe for reading and writing.|
|freopen||Reassign a file pointer.|
The following Win32 functions also open files and pipes: