final Specifier


For the latest documentation on Visual Studio 2017 RC, see Visual Studio 2017 RC Documentation.

You can use the final keyword to designate virtual functions that cannot be overridden in a derived class. You can also use it to designate classes that cannot be inherited.

function-declaration final;  

class class-name final base-classes  

final is context-sensitive and has special meaning only when it's used after a function declaration or class name; otherwise, it's not a reserved keyword.

When final is used in class declarations, base-classes is an optional part of the declaration.

The following example uses the final keyword to specify that a virtual function cannot be overridden.

class BaseClass  
    virtual void func() final;  
class DerivedClass: public BaseClass  
    virtual void func(); // compiler error: attempting to   
                         // override a final function  

For information about how to specify that member functions can be overridden, see override Specifier.

The next example uses the final keyword to specify that a class cannot be inherited.

class BaseClass final   
class DerivedClass: public BaseClass // compiler error: BaseClass is   
                                     // marked as non-inheritable  

(NOTINBUILD) C++ Type Names
override Specifier