Use the SolutionPackager tool to compress and extract a solution file

 

Updated: November 29, 2016

Applies To: Dynamics 365 (online), Dynamics 365 (on-premises), Dynamics CRM 2016, Dynamics CRM Online

SolutionPackager is a tool that can reversibly decompose a Microsoft Dynamics 365 compressed solution file into multiple XML files and other files so that these files can be easily managed by a source control system. The following sections show you how to run the tool and how to use the tool with managed and unmanaged solutions.

The SolutionPackager.exe tool can be found in the Bin folder of the Microsoft Dynamics 365 SDK download. Download the Microsoft Dynamics CRM SDK package.

SolutionPackager is a command-line tool that can be invoked with the parameters identified in the following table.

Argument

Description

/action: {Extract|Pack}

Required. The action to perform. The action can be either to extract a solution .zip file to a folder, or to pack a folder into a .zip file.

/zipfile: <file path>

Required. The path and name of a solution .zip file. When extracting, the file must exist and will be read from. When packing, the file is replaced.

/folder: <folder path>

Required. The path to a folder. When extracting, this folder is created and populated with component files. When packing, this folder must already exist and contain previously extracted component files.

/packagetype: {Unmanaged|Managed|Both}

Optional. The type of package to process. The default value is Unmanaged. This argument may be omitted in most occasions because the package type can be read from inside the .zip file or component files. When extracting and Both is specified, managed and unmanaged solution .zip files must be present and are processed into a single folder. When packing and Both is specified, managed and unmanaged solution .zip files will be produced from one folder. For more information, see the section on working with managed and unmanaged solutions later in this topic.

/allowWrite:{Yes|No}

Optional. The default value is Yes. This argument is used only during an extraction. When /allowWrite:No is specified, the tool performs all operations but is prevented from writing or deleting any files. The extract operation can be safely assessed without overwriting or deleting any existing files.

/allowDelete:{Yes|No|Prompt}

Optional. The default value is Prompt. This argument is used only during an extraction. When /allowDelete:Yes is specified, any files present in the folder specified by the /folder parameter that are not expected are automatically deleted. When /allowDelete:No is specified, no deletes will occur. When /allowDelete:Prompt is specified, the user is prompted through the console to allow or deny all delete operations. Note that if /allowWrite:No is specified, no deletes will occur even if /allowDelete:Yes is also specified.

/clobber

Optional. This argument is used only during an extraction. When /clobber is specified, files that have the read-only attribute set are overwritten or deleted. When not specified, files with the read-only attribute aren’t overwritten or deleted.

/errorlevel: {Off|Error|Warning|Info|Verbose}

Optional. The default value is Info. This argument indicates the level of logging information to output.

/map: <file path>

Optional. The path and name of an .xml file containing file mapping directives. When used during an extraction, files typically read from inside the folder specified by the /folder parameter are read from alternate locations as specified in the mapping file. During a pack operation, files that match the directives aren’t written.

/nologo

Optional. Suppress the banner at runtime.

/log: <file path>

Optional. A path and name to a log file. If the file already exists, new logging information is appended to the file.

@ <file path>

Optional. A path and name to a file that contains command-line arguments for the tool.

/sourceLoc: <string>

Optional. This argument generates a template resource file, and is valid only on extract.

Possible values are auto or an LCID/ISO code for the language you want to export. When this argument is used, the string resources from the given locale are extracted as a neutral .resx file. If auto or just the long or short form of the switch is specified, the base locale or the solution is used. You can use the short form of the command: /src.

/localize

Optional. Extract or merge all string resources into .resx files. You can use the short form of the command: /loc.

The following discussion details the use of the /map argument to the SolutionPackager tool.

Files that are built in an automated build system, such as .xap Silverlight files and plug-in assemblies, are typically not checked into source control. Web resources may already be present in source control in locations that are not directly compatible with the SolutionPackager tool. By including the /map parameter, the SolutionPackager tool can be directed to read and package such files from alternate locations and not from inside the Extract folder as it would typically be done. The /map parameter must specify the name and path to an XML file containing mapping directives that instruct the SolutionPackager to match files by their name and path, and indicate the alternate location to find the matched file. The following information applies to all directives equally.

  • Multiple directives may be listed including those that will match identical files. Directives listed early in the file take precedence over those listed later.

  • If a file is matched to any directive, it must be found in at least one alternative location. If no matching alternatives are found, the SolutionPackager will issue an error.

  • Folder and file paths may be absolute or relative. Relative paths are always evaluated from the folder specified by the /folder parameter.

  • Environment variables may be specified by using a %variable% syntax.

  • A folder wildcard “**” may be used to mean “in any sub-folder”. It can only be used as the final part of a path, for example: “c:\folderA\**”.

  • File name wildcards may be used only in the forms “*.ext” or “*.*”. No other pattern is supported.

The three types of directives mappings are described here, along with an example that shows you how to use them.

The following table provides detailed information on folder mapping.

Xml Format

<Folder map="folderA" to="folderB" />

Description

File paths that match “folderA” will be switched to “folderB”.

  • The hierarchy of subfolders under each must exactly match.

  • Folder wildcards are not supported.

  • No file names may be specified.

Examples

<Folder map="folderA" to="folderB" />
<Folder map="folderA\folderB" to="..\..\folderC\" />
<Folder map="WebResources\subFolder" to="%base%\WebResources" />

The following table provides detailed information on file-to-file mapping.

Xml Format

<FileToFile map="path\filename.ext" to="path\filename.ext" />

Description

Any file matching the map parameter will be read from the name and path specified in the to parameter.

For the map parameter:

  • A file name must be specified. The path is optional. If no path is specified, files from any folder may be matched.

  • File name wildcards are not supported.

  • The folder wildcard is supported.

For the to parameter:

  • A file name and path must be specified.

  • The file name may differ from the name in the map parameter.

  • File name wildcards are not supported.

  • The folder wildcard is supported.

Examples

<FileToFile map="assembly.dll" to="c:\path\folder\assembly.dll" />
<FileToFile map="PluginAssemblies\**\this.dll" to="..\..\Plugins\**\that.dll" />
<FileToFile map="Webresrouces\ardvark.jpg" to="%SRCBASE%\CrmPackage\WebResources\JPG format\aardvark.jpg" />

The following table provides detailed information on file-to-path mapping.

Xml Format

<FileToPath map="path\filename.ext" to="path" />

Description

Any file matching the map parameter is read from the path specified in the to parameter.

For the map parameter:

  • A file name must be specified. The path is optional. If no path is specified, files from any folder may be matched.

  • File name wildcards are supported.

  • The folder wildcard is supported.

For the to parameter:

  • A path must be specified.

  • The folder wildcard is supported.

  • A file name must not be specified.

Examples

<FileToPath map="assembly.dll" to="c:\path\folder" />
<FileToPath map="PluginAssemblies\**\this.dll" to="..\..\Plugins\bin\**" />
<FileToPath map="*.jpg" to="%SRCBASE%\CrmPackage\WebResources\JPG format\" />
<FileToPath map="*.*" to="..\..\%ARCH%\%TYPE%\drop" />

The following XML code sample shows a complete mapping file that enables the SolutionPackager tool to read any web resource and the two default generated assemblies from a Developer Toolkit project named CRMDevTookitSample.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Mapping>
       <!-- Match specific named files to an alternate folder -->
       <FileToFile map="CRMDevTookitSamplePlugins.dll" to="..\..\Plugins\bin\**\CRMDevTookitSample.plugins.dll" />
       <FileToFile map="CRMDevTookitSampleWorkflow.dll" to="..\..\Workflow\bin\**\CRMDevTookitSample.Workflow.dll" />
       <!-- Match any file in and under WebResources to an alternate set of sub-folders -->
       <FileToPath map="WebResources\*.*" to="..\..\CrmPackage\WebResources\**" />
       <FileToPath map="WebResources\**\*.*" to="..\..\CrmPackage\WebResources\**" />
</Mapping>

A Microsoft Dynamics 365 compressed solution (.zip) file can be exported in one of two types as shown here.

Managed solution

A completed solution ready to be imported into an organization. Once imported, components can’t be added or removed, although they can optionally allow further customization. This is recommended when development of the solution is complete.

Unmanaged solution

An open solution with no restrictions on what can be added, removed, or modified. This is recommended during development of a solution.

The format of a compressed solution file will be different based on its type, either managed or unmanaged. The SolutionPackager can process compressed solution files of either type. However, the tool can’t convert one type to another. The only way to convert solution files to a different type, for example from unmanaged to managed, is by importing the unmanaged solution .zip file into a Microsoft Dynamics 365 server and then exporting the solution as a managed solution.

The SolutionPackager can process unmanaged and managed solution .zip files as a combined set via the /PackageType:Both parameter. To perform this operation, it is necessary to export your solution twice as each type, naming the .zip files as follows.

Unmanaged .zip file: AnyName.zip

Managed .zip file: AnyName_managed.zip

The tool will assume the presence of the managed zip file in the same folder as the unmanaged file and extract both files into a single folder preserving the differences where managed and unmanaged components exist.

After a solution has been extracted as both unmanaged and managed, it is possible from that single folder to pack both, or each type individually, using the /PackageType parameter to specify which type to create. When specifying both, two .zip files will be produced using the naming convention as above. If the /PackageType parameter is missing when packing from a dual managed and unmanaged folder, the default is to produce a single unmanaged .zip file.

If you use Microsoft Visual Studio 2012 to edit resource files created by the solution packager, you may receive a message when you repack similar to this: “Failed to determine version id of the resource file <filename>.resx the resource file must be exported from the solutionpackager.exe tool in order to be used as part of the pack process.” This happens because Visual Studio replaces the resource file’s metadata tags with data tags.

Workaround

  1. Open the resource file in your favorite text editor and locate and update the following tags:

    <data name="Source LCID" xml:space="preserve">
    <data name="Source file" xml:space="preserve">
    <data name="Source package type" xml:space="preserve">
    <data name="SolutionPackager Version" mimetype="application/x-microsoft.net.object.binary.base64">
    
    
  2. Change the node name from <data> to <metadata>.

    For example, this string:

    <data name="Source LCID" xml:space="preserve">
      <value>1033</value>
    </data> 
    
    

    Changes to:

    <metadata name="Source LCID" xml:space="preserve">
      <value>1033</value>
    </metadata>
    
    

This allows the solution packager to read and import the resource file. This problem has only been observed when using the Visual Studio Resource editor.

Microsoft Dynamics 365

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