Annotating Structs and Classes

 

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The latest version of this topic can be found at Annotating Structs and Classes.

You can annotate struct and class members by using annotations that act like invariants—they are presumed to be true at any function call or function entry/exit that involves the enclosing structure as a parameter or a result value.

  • _Field_range_(low, high)

    The field is in the range (inclusive) from low to high. Equivalent to _Satisfies_(_Curr_ >= low && _Curr_ <= high) applied to the annotated object by using the appropriate pre or post conditions.

  • _Field_size_(size), _Field_size_opt_(size), _Field_size_bytes_(size), _Field_size_bytes_opt_(size)

    A field that has a writable size in elements (or bytes) as specified by size.

  • _Field_size_part_(size, count), _Field_size_part_opt_(size, count), _Field_size_bytes_part_(size, count), _Field_size_bytes_part_opt_(size, count)

    A field that has a writable size in elements (or bytes) as specified by size, and the count of those elements (bytes) that are readable.

  • _Field_size_full_(size), _Field_size_full_opt_(size), _Field_size_bytes_full_(size), _Field_size_bytes_full_opt_(size)

    A field that has both readable and writable size in elements (or bytes) as specified by size.

  • _Struct_size_bytes_(size)

    A field that has both readable and writable size in elements (or bytes) as specified by size.

    Applies to struct or class declaration. Indicates that a valid object of that type may be larger than the declared type, with the number of bytes being specified by size. For example:

    
    typedef _Struct_size_bytes_(nSize)  
    struct MyStruct {  
        size_t nSize;  
        …  
    };  
    
    
    

    The buffer size in bytes of a parameter pM of type MyStruct * is then taken to be:

    min(pM->nSize, sizeof(MyStruct))  
    
    

Using SAL Annotations to Reduce C/C++ Code Defects
Understanding SAL
Annotating Function Parameters and Return Values
Annotating Function Behavior
Annotating Locking Behavior
Specifying When and Where an Annotation Applies
Intrinsic Functions
Best Practices and Examples

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